Resgate de mineiros chilenos completa um ano

Atualizado em  29 de agosto, 2011 - 09:53 (Brasília) 12:53 GMT

The 33 miners who were rescued from underground in Chile last year are marking the first anniversary of the day that they were found alive. Many of them have said that August the 22nd was the most memorable day of their whole ordeal.

Reportagem: Gideon Long

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Most people in Chile remember where they were when they heard that the miners had been found alive. It's a day that's etched on the national conscience.

The men had been trapped for 17 days. Nothing had been heard from them and most people had given them up for dead.

Then on August 22nd engineers pulled a drill out of the ground and found a splash of red paint on it - a sign of life. Moments later they found a note attached to the drill. "We are all well in the shelter, the 33," it read.

The discovery sparked wild celebrations across Chile. The miners will be remembering that day in private ceremonies in the city of Copiapo.

The government has decided not to mark the occasion formally. A similar anniversary in Copiapo two weeks ago was marred by protests against President Sebastian Pinera.

Relations between the miners and the government have soured somewhat since July, when 31 of the men launched legal action against the Chilean state, accusing it of negligence.

And in Copiapo, some of the workers from the San Jose mine who weren't trapped but who lost their jobs because of the accident have accused the 33 of taking advantage of their celebrity and using it to line their own pockets.

Gideon Long, BBC News

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etched on the national conscience (eternamente lembrado pelo país) forever remebered by the country

given them up for dead (tidos como mortos, ou, apesar de estarem vivos o regaste seria impossível e certamente morreriam) believed that they were already dead or that they were alive but could not be rescued and would certainly die

the shelter (um lugar seguro para ser usado em momentos de emergência ou em caso de acidente, abrigo) a place designed to be safe in times of emergency or accident

sparked (causado, iniciado) caused, started

to mark the occasion (fazer algo especial para lembrar e celebrar o acontecimento, marcar a ocasião) to do something special to remember and celebrate what happened

marred by (estragado por, arruinado por) spoiled by, ruined by

soured (a transformação de algo bom em algo ruim) turned from good to bad

launched (iniciado) started

negligence (deixar de fornecer os adequados e necessários sistemas de segurança, negligência) failing to provide correct and necessary safety systems

to line their own pockets (para lucrar de modo egoísta) to make money for themselves in a selfish way

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