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24 September 2014
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History at Risk: Sheriff Hutton Castle
To of the remaining towers of Sheriff Hutton Castle
Sheriff Hutton Castle

None of the buildings featured in BBC Restoration will be in North Yorkshire, but that doesn't mean our heritage is safe.

So BBC North Yorkshire will highlight one of our at risk treasures each week until the end of August.

SEE ALSO

Buildings at Risk: the North Yorkshire Gallery

History at risk: Sheriff Hutton Castle

Regal views from the top of Sheriff Hutton Castle

What would you like to see bulldozed?

The North Yorkshire Gallery

BBC Restoration

BBC Legacies UK

WEB LINKS

English Heritage

The Heritage Lottery Fund

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external websites.

FACTS

 Sheriff Hutton Castle belonged to the English Royal families of Plantagenet, Tudor and Stuart.

 The village of Sheriff Hutton is named for Bertram de Bulmer, Sheriff of York at the time of King Stephen.

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Royal Castle at risk

English Heritage has just published it's 2003 Buildings at Risk register. Many of the buildings it says are in danger are bridges, monuments, country houses or farms.

Few of them are former royal residences. Our own Sheriff Hutton Castle is the exception.

Sheriff Hutton Castle is sited in a village of the same name, about 13 miles north of York on a minor road off the A64.

The castle, which is now in the grounds of a local farm, is a mere shadow of its former self. There are only a few turrets and the corners of the keep remaining.

A noble pedigree

Once it was a magnificent dwelling, of princely proportions,. A classic quadrangle, with a magnificent hall.

Sheriff Hutton is so named because it was once held by Bertram de Bulmer, the Sheriff of York who died in 1166.

It passed to the Neville family through marriage, and in 1382, John, Lord Neville, secured a license to crenellate the walls (making it a castle).

In 1425, the Neville estates were partitioned. The younger son retained the title and the Durham estates and Richard Neville (the King-maker) inherited the Yorkshire estates, including Sheriff Hutton Castle.

Scaffolding covers the castle keep .. (phot courtesy of English Heritage)
Extensive restoration work
(photo © English Heritage)

On the death of Richard Neville at the Battle of Barnet, his lands were given to Richard, Duke of Gloucester, (later Richard III).

In 1484 it became one of the two headquarters of the Council of the North (the other being at Sandal).

During the 16th century, Henry VIII's illegitimate son, Henry Fitzroy lived at Sheriff Hutton under the care of Cardinal Wolsey.

It remained crown property until the death of Charles I.

The years haven't been kind to this great building, and although it's scale is still impressive, it has fallen to virtual ruin.

It's been undergoing extensive repair, to try to save the fabric of the remaining buildings, and make the castle safe.

 Working to save Sheriff Hutton Castle

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