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Glossary
Term: Meaning:
         
  Abatement Techniques   Ways of reducing a nuisance  
  Acquisition   Act of acquiring or getting something - in this case - buying another company.  
  Atmospheric Pollution   Any particles, gases, noxious fumes or smells which pollute the atmosphere  
  Branded   Label showing ownership or quality  
  Diversification   To spread investment over several enterprises or products  
  E-commerce   The buying and selling of products via the Internet  
  Environmental audit   Official examination of effects on environment of industrial activity  
  Environmental Impact assessment   Investigating the changes which may be produced in the environment by industrial activity  
  Exports   Goods sold abroad  
  Fossil fuels   Fuels like coal, gas and oil formed in the Earth's geological past  
  Goods transit   Transporting of goods  
  Hazardous waste   Waste with the potential to cause severe damage to the environment  
  Imports   Goods bought by one country from another  
  Incentives   Payments to stimulate industrial activity  
  Industrial Revolution   The rapid growth of manufacturing industry in the 19th. Century  
  Infrastructure   Road, rail, air, sea and telecommunications links  
  Natural resources   Things provided by the Earth that people use  
  Non-renewable Resources   Resources which cannot be replaced once they have been used up e.g. coal, gas, oil  
  Pharmaceutical   engaged in the use or sale of medicinal drugs  
  Primary industry   Involves getting raw materials e.g. fishing, farming, quarrying, mining.  
  Quaternary industry   Involves activities such as training and research and development e.g. high technology and information services. (sometimes included under tertiary sector)  
  Raw materials   Natural products processed to make something else  
  Recyclable   Reusing waste  
  Renewable Resources   Resources which should last forever if not used up at a rate which is faster than the rate at which they renew themselves e.g. water, air, trees, soil  
  Secondary industry   Involves taking raw materials and turning them into something else e.g. textile worker, food processor, shipyard worker  
  Subsidiary   Controlled by another company  
  Subsidies   Grant of money for expenses of a commercial undertaking  
  Tertiary industry   Involves providing services for other people e.g. teacher, nurse, hotel manager  
  Textiles   Cloth  
  Waste Minimization   Reducing waste to smallest possible amount  



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