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Glossary
Term: Meaning:
         
  Biodiversity   The number and variety of all living things.  
  Broadleaf   A tree which has broad leaves, not needles.  
  Carbohydrate   Compound of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen used as an energy source
and to build cells.
 
  Carnivore   A meat eating animal.  
  Chlorophyll   The green colouring in plants.  
  Climate Change   The changes in climate at local and global level because of Global
Warming.
 
  Conifer   A tree which has needles and cones.  
  Conservation   The management of a dynamic ecosystem in a sustainable way.  
  Deciduous   Trees which lose their leaves in winter.  
  Decompose   Broken down by bacteria and fungi.  
  Deforestation   The large scale cutting down of forests.  
  Ecosystem   A habitat in which different organisms interact and support one another.  
  Environment   The land, water, air, plants and wildlife.  
  Evergreen   A tree that does not lose its leaves in winter.  
  Fossil Fuels   Carbon based compounds such as coal, oil and gas formed over millions of years.
 
  Fragmentation   Broken up into smaller pieces.  
  Global Warming   The process by which the earth's atmosphere heats up due to an increase in the proportion of certain gases. These act like the glass in a greenhouse.
 
  Habitat   An area where plants and animals live.  
  Hardwood   Wood from broad leafed trees.  
  Herbivore   A plant eating animal.  
  Invertebrate   Animals without a backbone.  
  Larvae   Insect from time of leaving egg till transformation into pupa e.g. a caterpillar is the larval state of a butterfly.
 
  Mineral   Natural resources like metal or rock.  
  Nutrients   Chemicals needed for living things to grow.  
  Omnivore   An animal which eats plants and animals.  
  Preservation   Stabilising the state of a material or situation, not necessarily in its original state.
 
  Primary consumer   Herbivore.  
  Photosynthesis   Use of sun's energy to create food in plant leaves.  
  Pollution   This occurs when substances enter an environment that are not naturally occurring or exceed naturally occurring levels.
 
  Secondary consumer   Carnivore.  
  Sequester   To extract and absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.  
  Softwood   Wood from conifers.  
  Species   A group of related organisms which are capable of interbreeding.  
  Sustainable Development   The United Nations Commission on Environment and Development defined Sustainable Development as "Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs."
 
  Tertiary consumer   Omnivore.  
  Transpiration   Giving off water vapour.  



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