But it's not all about people being forced from their homes. There is a more routine racism. The sort experienced by dozens of ethnic minority shopkeepers in both nationalist and loyalist areas.
To get a feel for this, I spent a weekend working in a kebab shop in a nationalist area. This is what happened.
(voices jeering and laughter)
The second night a group of lads come in and become increasingly abusive.
Get your ******* asses into a boat and sail the whole way back to bam bam land.
A jeer goes up. One of the lads has lent over the counter and spat in my face.
Leave him the **** alone, alright, they're ******* working...
Reassuringly, not everyone shares this vitriol - a local bloke has a go at the ones who didn't run away.
Two days in the shop, the owner says to me: "Try two weeks here".
(Extract from report, BBC's Newsnight 13/10/2003)