Saint Patrick's Journey
 
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V X Y Z

A

abacus

beads on a frame to help you count

archaeologist

someone who finds out about how we lived in the past by learning about old buildings, graves, tools and things people used

arithmetic

using numbers to add, subtract, multiply and divide

artefact

something made by a person long ago that helps us learn more about how they lived

astronomers

people who try to learn more about the sun, moon, planets and stars

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B

bazaar (relating to a church bazaar)

a place where people sell things to help raise money

bishop

an important priest or minister

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C

cathedral

like a church but larger

cell (relating to a monastery)

a very small, plain room with very little furniture

commemorate

doing something to help remember someone or something important that happened in the past

confession

to own up to doing something wrong

conqueror

The person who wins

consonants

the 21 letters in the alphabet that are not vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

crosier

a long decorative stick often carried by a bishop

curragh

a small boat used long ago and made from stretched animal skins and wood

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D

deacon

someone whose job is to help a priest or minister in a church

decipher

to work out what something means or solve a puzzle

donations

gifts of money or things given to help a charity

druid

a priest who follows a very old religion that worships nature

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E

empire

lots of different countries ruled by one country or group of people

excavation

to dig up things things that have been buried long ago in the earth

extinct

something that is no longer alive

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F

fact

something that is true and can be proved

fasting

going without food for a while

fawn

a young deer

folklore

old stories or legends that have been passed on from person to person

fort

a strong, safe building, often on a small hill and used by soldiers to help them protect the area

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G

Great Famine

when many people died of hunger and disease in Ireland around 1846 - 1851

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H

illuminated manuscripts

very beautifully decorated handwriting often done by monks many centuries ago before there were machines to print pages or books

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K

kidnapped

stealing a person from where they are meant to be and holding them as your prisoner

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L

learned

spoken as "learn-ed" this means knowing a lot of things

lent

40 weekdays from "Ash Wednesday" Christians prepare for Easter, sometimes by not eating particular foods

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M

manuscripts

handwritten pages or books, usually from long ago when there were no printing machines

medieval

from the "middle ages", so the time in history between 500AD and 1300AD

megalith

a huge stone put in a special place by people a very long time ago

merchants

people who buy and sell things

midden

a muck heap, like a compost heap where people used to leave their rubbish

missionary

a person sent by a church to tell people in another place about God

monastery

a house or small group of buildings where monks live, work and worship God together

mosaics

small pieces of coloured stone or tiles put together to make a pattern, picture or decoration

myth

a made-up story from the past

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O

ogham

very early writing in Ireland where the letters look like groups of short lines cut into a stone or piece of wood

oratory (place)

a small room for prayer

oratory (person)

public speaking

oxen

similar to cows or buffalo

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P

pagan

Someone who isn't Christian, Jewish or Muslim and who worships more than one god

patron saint

a holy person now believed to have been very special when they were alive

pilgrimage

a journey you make for religious reasons, sometimes to a special holy place

plumage

bird's feathers

primate

the most important minister or priest in the country

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Q

quill

a pen made from a big feather from a goose or sometimes a turkey or swan

rath

a large circle of earth or stone built long ago to protect the people who lived inside

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R

refectory

a large room for a group of people to eat meals

relics

Something very old that once belonged to a very holy person

Roman Empire

a group of countries ruled by the Romans

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S

sacristy

the room in a church where things used in worship are kept, for example special clothes

saint

a very good, kind person who other Christians believe to be very special

scholar

someone who studies a subject in great detail

scriptorium

the writing room in a monastery where monks worked on beautiful manuscripts

settlement

a place where people come to live

shrine

a special place to remember someone who has died, especially someone holy

slavery

being owned by someone else and having to work hard for them

souterrain

an underground passage way in a rath

spires

tall points on top of a church tower

spiritual

having deep feelings and beliefs about religion

stained glass windows

coloured glass cut into shapes to make pictures, especially in churches

Stonehenge

a very ancient place in England with many large stones in a circular pattern

swineherd

someone who looks after pigs

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T

toga

a long piece of cloth wrapped around your body and hanging loose at your shoulders; worn a long time ago by the Romans

torc or torque

a beautiful neck ring or arm ring, open at the front and often made with gold or bronze

tranquil

very peaceful and calm

tribes

a group of people born in the same place who live together and speak the same language

Trinity

Christians believe God lives in three different ways; God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit

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U

urn

a large container, often with a lid

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V

vellum

what monks wrote on; the specially treated skin of young animals

vigils

staying awake to pray

villas

the kind of house important Romans lived in

vowels

the 5 letters in the alphabet that are not consonants - they are a, e, i, o, u

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W

wealthy

being rich, having a lot of money or good things

wilderness

land that hasn't been used to grow things or to build on

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