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16 October 2014
A State Apart

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Ulster Scots
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Logo for the Ulster Scots Agency
The Ulster Scots Agency promotes the study, conservation, development and use of Ulster Scots

Under the section Rights, Safeguards and Equality of Opportunity, the Good Friday Agreement commits the two governments and the Northern Ireland Assembly to show "respect, understanding and tolerance" to Ulster Scots. Ulster Scots, also known as Ullans, is said to be spoken by an estimated 100,000 people in Northern Ireland and East Donegal. (See 'Establishing the Demand for Services and Activities in the Ulster-Scots Language' - Dunn, Morgan & Dawson, 2002). Although the academic jury is still undecided as to whether Ulster Scots is a language or a dialect, the European Bureau for Lesser Used Languages has always recognised Ulster Scots as one of the 'lesser used' languages in Europe. Also the UK Government recognised Scots and Ulster Scots as falling under Part 11 of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages which it ratified in 2001.

Audio and Video
Links to audio and video selections can be found on the last page.
Key Academic Opinions
Language, identity and politics in Northern Ireland
The Position of Ulster Scots
Controversy in the study of Ulster Scots
Key Newspaper Articles
The Guid Guide
Teanga DIY d'Fhir Bhui?
Ulster Scots is a regional variant of Scots, which, like English, traces its origins to Anglo-Saxon. Influenced by the linguistic conditions prevalent in Northern Britain during the 8th century, Anglo-Saxon developed into what is now referred to as Scots which for a long time was the language of the royal court in Scotland. In Southern Britain Anglo-Saxon displaced rival dialects and eventually became the basis of the English tongue spoken in the United Kingdom today.  
Key Academic Opinions
Development of Scots in Scotland
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