BEGINNERS' BLAS 3
We looked at the history of the logainm DOIRE.
Sé do bheatha, an tseachtain seo chairde, bheirfidh muid sracfheachaint
ar c’ás a dtáinig an t-ainm ata ar an darna chathair
is mo ar an taobh seo tire... the Walled City, the Maiden City..Stroke
City , this week, I've decided to find out how Derry in iarthuaisceart
Chúige Uladh got its name………..
I can start by telling you that Derry, nó Doire means ‘Oak-
grove’ . Doire is commonly used in Irish logainmneacha or place-names,
and translated as Derry eg ..... but a lot of the time, as we have seen
before, this element of the area may have completely vanished and may
not be relevant today.
Derry or Doire’s original name was Daire Calgaich translating as
‘oakwood of Calgach’. Calgach was an ancient warrior and Caledonian
leader who claimed this area of North West Ulster to be his…
Before leaving Ireland to spread Christianity elsewhere
in Britain, St ColmCille founded a monastery in the then Doire Calgaich.
According to oral and documented history the site was granted to Colm
Cille/ Coumba by a local King. The monastery then remained in the hands
of the federation of Columban churches who regarded Colm Cille as their
spiritual mentor. In the year 546 the area was rebaptised Doire Cholm
Cille, Colm Cille’s Derry in rememberance agus in ómos don
Naomh a bhunaigh an chéad mhainstir ann. So at that stage, in the
6th Century Derry as we now know it was a primarily a monastic settlement.
It’s reckoned that The monastery of Doire would
probably have been quite small when first founded. Its thought that the
location of the first monastery was where the Church of Ireland or Chapel
of St Augustine stands today.
The Vikings don’t seem to have been too worried about Derry . As
fond of attacking as they were, they only appeared to attack Doire Cholm
Cille on one occasion and managed to destroy the foundations of the monastery.
Derry city as we know it today was founded by Sir Henry
Docwra, leader of the Foyle Expedition during the Nine Year’s War..
the end of that war and the battle of Kinsale hailed the end of the Gaelic
World In Ireland and made way for Derry’s most controversial baptism.
In 1613, as part of the Ulster Plantation, a charter was granted to the
London companies who had settled in the Derry area. This charter allowed
the prefix London to be added to the existing Derry. What a decision that
was, to this day, the Derry natives and people further afield, can’t
agree on the name of the city which sits on the River Foyle … Doire
Calgaich, Doire Cholm Cille, The Walled City, the Maiden city, Derry,
LondonDerry, Stroke City, biodh do bharuil fein agat!
Listen To Céara talk about Derry
to Logainmneacha index