Fruit trees, such as apples, pears and plums,
require regular pruning or they will stop producing
crops of fruit. If the pruning operations are
carried out in the correct order the tree will
have a better shape with more fruiting branches.
out any branches which have canker disease.
Where infected, the bark swells up and cracks.
Make the cut at least 3 inches below the infected
wood. Burn the branches.
Remove thin stems on the main branches.
Remove any branches which are crossing through
the centre of the tree or are rubbing on another
Make the cuts with a sharp saw or secateurs.
wounds may be painted with a sealant to keep
out harmful fungus spores. Old apple trees with
green algae and lichen on the bark may be cleaned
by spraying Tar Oil Winter Wash in December
trees should not be pruned in winter when the
fungus spores of Silver Leaf disease are active.They
enter the tree through wounds. Prune
plums and cherries in July when the disease
spores are dormant.
year old trees, planted this season, need to
be trained into shape. The small branches make
up the main framework of the tree for years
bush trees keep them evenly spaced. Shorten,
by one third, the main branches.This pruning
will encourage them to form side shoots.
angled branches are prone to split when they
are laden with fruit. Remove the weakest stem
or the one pointing in the wrong direction.
which are close to the ground will have to be
removed at some stage but in the meantime cut
them back to 15 cm (6 in). They will help the
trunk of the tree to thicken and may produce
a few fruit.
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