in Norfolk have been around for centuries.
millwright is making windmill history.
who lives in South Walsham, is building a new windmill in the traditional
style of the earliest mills in the country.
wanted to build a Post Mill since I was a young boy. When
I returned to South Walsham I was fortunate to buy some land here
and go ahead with my pipedream," he said.
to run it as a semi-commercial mill so people can come and buy flour
here and perhaps supply health food stores. There'll be a certain
amount of visitor trade as well," he added.
materials to build his windmill has been no easy task. So far, it
has taken Paul four years to build his windmill:
Seago's new Post Mill windmill.
problem apart from the money, was getting hold of the size of timber
I need, particularly the main post which is oak, 30 inches square
at the base, and 20 feet long. I had an 18-month hunt for that,"
why building is slow is because the wood must be treated before
it can be used. The quality improves according to how long it has
been left after cutting.
All the milling
machinery for the Post Mill is in the upper part called the buck.
The whole weight of the mill rests on top of the single oak post.
When the windmill is complete, there will be approximately 23 -
24 tonnes resting on top of the post.
With the painstaking
process involved in building a Post Mill, Richard says he is likely
to spend another five years perfecting his windmill.
point there were more than 100 windmills in Norfolk, although most
of the smaller ones have now disappeared. Today, many of the mills
are derelict and remain only as towers with parts of machinery.
There are three
types of windmill in England and all three can be found in Norfolk:
the Post Mill, which is the earliest type of windmill known in this
country, the Smock Mill and the Tower Mill.
The first windmills
appeared in the late 12th century and by the 17th century, the Smock
Mill had been introduced by the Dutch.
belief, most Smock Mills did not operate as flour mills but were
used to drain the land.
Most of the
mills pumped water from low level marshes into a large dyke or a
main river system, which explains why so many of them can be seen
along the Norfolk Broads and the River Yare.
more on Norfolk's windmills, see our pop-up