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S: Scoulton

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village sign.
The village sign depicting the Pewit

Scoulton is a small village some 20 miles west of Norwich and four miles east of Watton. It has a population of not much under 250.

Scattered along the B1108 it lacks the coherence of a traditional Norfolk village, gathered round a green or other focal point such as a school, pub or village shop.

History
Recorded in early writing's and the Domesday book as Sculetuna, historically the village had three manors; the Oldlands to the South, Newlands to the North and Burdeloss (or Burdeleys) to the west.

There is archaeological evidence of manor houses near the present day Wayland Farm and Abergavenney Farm.

A Roman road is thought to run east to west along the line of the B1108.

mere.
A reflective Scoulton Mere

Scoulton Mere
The mere at Scoulton was once the nesting site of a huge Pewit (Black-Headed gull) colony. Prized by the wealthy and powerful, like Henry the VIII, their eggs were sold as Plover eggs by Lord Wayland.

Unfortunately the colony dispersed in the 1950s and the Mere is only the 'squat' of members of the fishing club.

Scoulton mere is now privately owned and there is no public access without permission. Its origin is unknown but it was part of the 'Common Land' in the village before enclosure.

Surrounded by trees, the mere is 2 miles in circumference and has a large central island where red deer are supposed to inhabit (they must swim across).

The eggs, being collected by Lord Weyland are depicted in the village sign.

Amenities
A village school was built in 1841 by Isaac Weyland but was forced to close in 1985 because of falling numbers. The same fate went of the methodist church built in 1909; it is now a private house. The only pub in the village closed in 1957.

Employment
In times past most of the villagers worked on the farms. Other trades in Scoulton included a blacksmith's, a wheel-wright, shoemakers and a baker.

Now the farms employ few people and most travel out of the village to work and shop.

building.
The new village hall.

However after many years fundraising, Scoulton opened a new village hall in 1992 which is used regularly by the Parish Council, Women's Institute and other local people for social gatherings.

The Church of the Holy Trinity
The church dates mostly to the 14th century and stands at the meeting of the three manors. Inside are reminders of some of the most significant landowners.

In the north window of the chancel are the arms of William de Mortimer. There also hangs a hatchment of the Wayland Arms and a marble wall tablet records members of the Daye (or d'Eye) family.

Text courtesy of Julia Grover and Margaret Marham, Scoulton

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See also
Sense of Place
Weird Norfolk
Norfolk Dialect
Norfolk traditions

 





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