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I: Iceni

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ploughing.
Smoke from the village fires drifts across the fields as a farmer puts his oxen to work.

The Iceni tribe can be traced back to the Romans.

Probably the best-known member of the tribe is the Celtic Queen, Boadicea who headed the rebellion of 60/61AD.

The tribe was to be found on the east coast in the area that is today known as Norfolk and North Suffolk.

Along with the rest of England, the Iceni came under Roman rule after the invasion of 43AD.

The Iceni king Prasutagus ruled with his wife, Queen Boadicea. When Prasutagus died he split his kingdom in two leaving half to the Roman emperor Nero and the other half to his wife Boadicea.

The Romans were insulted and felt that the entire kingdom should have been given to Nero.

Led by Queen Boadicea, the Iceni tried to rebel against the imposition of the Roman Way of life after she and her daughters were violated by Romans.

Despite her victorious battles in Colchester, London and St Albans, her armies were eventually brutally quashed.

Iceni settlements
The area now known as Norfolk had many Iceni settlements. Brettenham was a small settlement on the Peddars Way, east of Thetford.

The Peddars Way can still be walked and stretches some 35 miles across the high ground of West Norfolk. It was probably built for military purposes.

At Caister St Edmund remnants of the small walled seaport are to be found. It was once the regional capital.

Thetford was a major religious centre at an important river crossing whilst at Snettisham there is a Celtic centre on the Icknield Way.

Today it is possible to get a feel of life as an Iceni. At Swaffham an Iceni village has been reconstructed on the site of an original encampment.

Internet links:

Norfolk Museums

 

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See also
Sense of Place
Weird Norfolk
Norfolk Dialect
Norfolk traditions

 





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