As you leave Whitlingham Wood, you are greeted by a large
open meadowland. This is stop number four on our tour.
Depending on the time of year, this meadow
will either be high with flowers or harvested ready for the next season.
The wildflower meadow is maintained by taking a hay cut
around the end of July. This has been done for centuries
and is how the habitat was originally created.
Once the cut is complete, the grass is then raked off the
meadow to stop it enriching the soil. If this happened the grass would
out-compete the wildflowers which are being maintained in the area. In
years gone by, the annual hay cut would have been used for animal feed
and bedding through the winter months.
Rich in all sorts of plant life, this is a stop on our
history walk were you can enjoy the colour of the wildflowers, the insects
and a range of bird life.
Blackberries grow wild in abundance at the country park
The wildflower meadow is a really rare habitat.
Low nutrient soil types, such as the chalky bolder clay
at Whitlingham, shave a much higher diversity of plants, this in turn
supports a much richer range of insect life and birdlife that feed on
In higher nutrient rich soils, similar to that found
around Whitlingham Great Broad, large plants like nettle and hogweed can
take over and cover the land, not allowing the rarer and much more colourful
plants to survive.
Open meadows offer great diversity and are full of wildlife,
not only with some of our rarest wildflowers but also the butterflies
and other insects and birds which are dependant on them.
Wildflower meadows are worth saving because they are
rich in biodiversity and culture, maintain a link with traditional farming
and most importantly are very attractive places to enjoy the countryside.
Some of the plants you can see in the Whitlingham wildflower
meadow are Black knapweed, once used as a poultice on wounds. Bird's foot
trefoil which was made into a restorative tonic and St John's wort, still
used today as an anti-depressant.
This is the half-way point on our history walk around Whitlingham,
so a good point to stop for a rest and take a breather before heading
up a slope to the top of the chalk pits.
Nearly 98% of Norfolk's meadowland has been lost since
around the time of WWII, so it's vital the area is maintained.
After taking a rest on the bench (and probably munching
a few blackberries), take the pathway next to the seat, heading upwards
on a the hard surfaced path - which soon becomes woodland floor.