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30 September 2005 1140 BST
Graphic: A: Albert Einstein
Picture: Albert Einstein visits the villag of Roughton
Einstein at Roughton: c1934
Copyright: EDP Picture Library (NF)

In 1933 the world's most famous scientist was taken into hiding on an isolated heath in Cromer.

Hitler's rise to power in Germany meant it was a worrying time for Jews across the world, including Albert Einstein.

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The mathematician and physicist, Albert Einstein stayed in a cottage at Roughton in Norfolk during the 1930s, after he left Germany when Hitler came to power.

Einstein was strongly opposed to war, but after Hitler was elected to government, it was impossible for him to stay in Germany.

Watch BBC Inside Out's film about Einstein's time in Norfolk.

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Something had to be done to help the world's cleverest man.

Commander Oliver Locker-Lampson, an MP, offered Einstein a place to stay in the Norfolk countryside.

Einstein was brought to live in a small hut on Roughton Heath in Cromer.

While he was there, the scientist was still able to work on his scientific theories. The science he was working on changed the course of history - he had developed the idea for the world's first nuclear bomb.

Einstein soon left Norfolk and sailed to America, never to return to Europe.

The picture above shows, from left: Miss Goodall, Albert Einstein, unknown, Locker Lambson, Miss Billing.

The pony belonged to farmer PJ Colman and the group is posed in his 11 acre field next to the heath.

Einstein developed the special and general theories of relativity and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921 for his explanation of the photoelectric effect.

Photo credit: Courtesy of Philip Colman (son of PJ)

Recommended reading
By Sheila McKeown, a librarian at the Millennium Library in Norwich.

Albert Einstein and His Inflatable Universe, by Mike Goldsmith. Hippo 2001. ISBN 0439992168.

Albert Einstein: Scientists who Made History, by Saviour Pirotta. Hodder Wayland 2001. ISBN 075023041.

You can get hold of these books through your local library.


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