What is Chinese New Year?

  • 27 January 2017

This week, millions of people will be celebrating Chinese New Year.

It will be marked by communities all over the world.

People will eat lots of food, enjoy fireworks, wear special clothes and hang red lanterns to mark the occasion.

Image caption Red lanterns are traditionally hung to mark the occasion

See how much you know about Chinese New Year with this quiz - or read on to find out more!

When is it?

The Chinese New Year will begin on Saturday 28 January 2017.

The reason the new year falls at this time is because it marks the start of the lunar new year, which is when there is the start of a new moon.

This is different to the "Gregorian" calendar that we traditionally use in the UK, which always starts on 1 January.

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We caught up with kids celebrating Chinese New Year

Because it depends on the moon, the date of Chinese New Year actually changes each year, but it will fall some time between 21 January and 20 February.

Next year, the new year will start on 16 February.

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Image caption This is a picture of the amazing fireworks over the city of Hong Kong for the lunar new year in 2016

What is it?

Chinese New Year is also known as the Spring Festival.

It is the most important celebration in the Chinese calendar.

In Chinese tradition, each year is named after one of twelve animals, which feature in the Chinese zodiac.

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Image caption These are the 12 animals of the Chinese zodiac. Find out which one matches with the year you were born below!

So the animals will have a year dedicated to them once every 12 years, in a cycle.

2016 was the year of the monkey, while this year will be the year of the rooster.

The next time it will be the year of the rooster is 2029, as this is in 12 years' time.

Do you want to know which sign of the Chinese zodiac you are and what it says about you?

Find out here by checking which year you were born in! (If you were born in January or February before Chinese new year that year, though, your animal will be the sign for the year before)

How is it celebrated?

Before the festivities begin, people clean their homes really well to make them ready for the celebrations.

Then, when New Year's Day comes, there is a tradition not to pick up a broom, in case you sweep the good luck for the New Year out of the door!

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Image caption Here, performers dance on stage at a local fair in Beijing in China to mark the new year celebrations

In China, schools and businesses can close for the first few days of the new year, so that everyone can spend time with their families.

People enjoy eating lots of delicious food, including noodle soup, which traditionally brings luck for the year ahead.

There will be parades and performances, with people dressed in traditional clothes.

Fireworks are also set off, because it is thought that noise and lights will scare away any evil spirits for the coming months.

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Image caption In Beijing, this girl is celebrating the lantern festival, which marks the end of celebrations for the Chinese new year period

Adults might give red envelopes to children with money inside too.

The festivities continue for two weeks, finishing with a special lantern festival, which signals the end of the New Year celebration period.

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