Tim O'Brian: 'I'm very excited'
17 October 2015 Last updated at 13:48 BST
The European and Russian Space Agencies are planning to send the first spacecraft to land on an unexplored area on the south pole of the Moon.
It will be one of a number of missions that might make it possible for astronauts to live on the moon.
The probe will drill deep into the ground to examine whether there is enough water and raw materials to make fuel and oxygen.
Astrophysicist Tim O'Brian gives us his thoughts.