Newsround's guide to Wimbledon championship

  • 27 June 2016
Wimbledon GFX

The professional tennis season is made up of hundreds of tournaments around the world and one of the most prestigious is Wimbledon.

The first Championships took place in 1877 at the All England Club in London, where it's still held today.

Wimbledon takes place over two weeks and it's the only major championship still played on grass.

Here's your guide to the tournament...

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How are seeds decided and what do they mean?

There are 128 places available in the draw for both men and women. Out of these 32 are ranked or seeded for the purposes of a draw.

These seeded players are seen as the best players in the draw and they're kept apart so that they don't meet until later in the competition.

In addition there are 16 qualifiers and eight wild cards, players who are given a chance to play even though their world rankings are low.

The match is divided up into sets. In men's tennis you have to get three sets to win. For women it's two.

To win a set you have to win six games - but you also have to get two more games than your opponent.

So you can take the set 6-4, but not 6-5. In that case, you'd continue until someone won 7-5.

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How does the scoring system work in tennis?

If you get to 6-6 first, you play a tiebreak. The first person to get to seven points or more by two clear points wins the tiebreak and the set.

To win a game you need to win four points. But rather than going up from one to four they go in this order: fifteen, thirty, forty, game.

If you are tied on forty-all this is called deuce, and then you have to win by two clear points.

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What are the differences between women's and men's game?

The first Ladies' Championship was held in 1884, before that women weren't allowed to take part in Wimbledon.

In 2007 women were granted the same amount of prize money as men. The Gentlemen's and Ladies' Singles Champions each receive £1.88m in 2015.

Now, the only division between men's and women's tennis is the number of sets you have to get to win.

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Can the Murrays spell as well as they play tennis?

Top tennis facts

Tennis was first played in France about 900 years ago - with people using the palms of their hands.

No one really knows how the scoring started, but "deuce" is based on the French word "deux", meaning two, when two people are on the same points.

Selfie sticks are one of the items banned from the grounds, along with over-sized hats.

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Hayley and Ricky look at Wimbledon fashion through the ages

Wimbledon has an all-white dress code - which was tightened in 2014 to include the soles of players' shoes, stripes on their collars and the brims of their caps.

54,250 tennis balls are used during the Championships period. Yellow tennis balls were used for the first time in 1986.

'28,000 kg of strawberries'

Image copyright PA
Image caption Traditionally Wimbledon fans eat strawberries and cream throughout the competition

A whopping 28,000 kg of strawberries and 7,000 litres of cream are supplied for each Wimbledon Championship.

The fastest Wimbledon serve of all time was delivered by Taylor Dent in 2010 - it clocked an amazing 148mph!

Jargon buster

Seeds - The people expected to do well in a tournament.

Set - The main sections of a tennis match (see how to score, above).

Straight sets - When someone wins a match without losing a set, eg winning three sets to love.

Love - A tennis word for zero.

Forehand - When you hit with the palm of your hand facing to the front.

Backhand - A shot with the back of your hand facing front.

Deuce - This is another way of saying forty-all. It comes from the French word "deux", meaning two, when two people are on the same point.

Baseline - This is the line at the far end of the court.

Cyclops - The machine that goes beep to tell if the ball has hit the net on a serve (which means the serve has to be taken again).

Serve - When the player hits the ball over the net to start the game.

Let - Play the point again.

Tiebreak - When the set is drawn at six-all (see how to score, above).

Ace - When a player wins a point after serving an unstoppable shot.

Smash - A very fast shot hit by a player.

Volley - Hitting the ball before it bounces.

Double fault - Serving twice out of the court and losing the point.

Umpire - The person who decides, like a referee.

Spin - Hitting the ball so it spins and bounces so it's hard for the other player to hit (as in 'top spin', 'back spin').

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