The history of the Calais 'Jungle' camp and how it's changed since 1999

Calais sign

The so-called Jungle camp in Calais is being cleared for demolition.

About 7,000 people are being moved out to different areas of France because the camp is being bulldozed.

The jungle in Calais
Temporary cabins and tents side by side
Image caption Some migrants live in temporary cabins, whilst others have to live in tents
Map

But this isn't the first time this has happened.

There have been migrant camps in Calais for almost 20 years.

We look at how the camp started and what happened the last time the camp was closed down.

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1999: A migrant centre first opens

The Sangatte migrant centre building
Image caption The Sangatte migrant centre was an old Eurotunnel building

The first centre was opened in 1999 by the Red Cross in Sangatte, a village about a mile from the Eurotunnel entrance to the UK.

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It was started, with the help of the French government, because of the number of people wanting to get to the UK.

Refugees at the old Sangatte centre before it was closed in 2002
Image caption Refugees at the old Sangatte centre before it was closed in 2002

Most of the arrivals were from Kosovo in eastern Europe, Iraq and Afghanistan.

The camp swelled to about 2,000 people in 2002, but was closed that year as the British government was worried about the number of illegal immigrants coming to Britain from there.

A danger sign on the security fence at Sangatte
Image caption A danger sign on the security fence at Sangatte

2002: The first 'Jungle' is created

A refugee living in the first Calais 'Jungle'
Image caption A refugee living in the first Calais "jungle" which was in the forest surrounding Sangatte

When the centre at Sangatte was closed, many of the refugees just moved into the surrounding woods.

An illegal makeshift camp was created, which became the first "Jungle" camp.

Men in squalid living conditions
Image caption Living conditions were squalid

The camp was dirty and unsafe and there were stories of the residents having to wash in the water from a nearby chemical plant.

The camp was bulldozed in 2009, when about 1,000 people were living there.

Many of them were arrested but released soon afterwards without anywhere to go.

A long queue of refugees waiting for dinner
Image caption Refugees queuing for dinner in 2008 - they relied on charities for food much of the time

2014: The second 'Jungle' opens

Aerial shot of the Calais 'Jungle'
Image caption The "jungle" last year - the area below the lake was demolished earlier this year

By 2014, many more people had made their way to Calais.

This time they came from Syria and other Middle Eastern countries, as well as African countries like Somalia and Eritrea.

Children cycling in the Calais camp
Image caption Some children have spent up to two years in the camp

The conditions became similar to those at the Sangatte centre in 1999.

The French government had to open a migrant centre because there were so many people living in parks and on the streets.

Graffiti which says 'London calling'
Image caption Graffiti at the camp - part of the reason it is in Calais is because migrants want to come to the UK

But what started as a refugee population of 1,300 has now swelled to an estimated 7,000 and has created a new "Jungle".

Some parts of the camp were demolished earlier this year, with the rest due to follow this week.

But it's unclear what will happen to all the migrants.

Four young men sitting on a bench
Image caption Young men make up a lot of the camp's population

Last time the camp was demolished, it sprung up again quickly.

New camps are already appearing in the northern part of France near the Calais area.

A man walking between tents
Image caption What will the future hold for residents of the camp?

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