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Goal-line technology: Famous 'ghost goals' in pictures
11 April 2013
Last updated at 14:24
As goal-line technology is approved by Fifa, take a look back at some of football's most famous 'ghost goals'.
Goal-line technology has been given the go-ahead by football's governing body Fifa and will be used in the Premier League from the 2013-14 season. It's after a series of 'ghost goals' like Frank Lampard's against Germany in the 2010 World Cup in South Africa. The strike was ruled out despite clearly crossing the line with Germany leading 2-1.
Perhaps the most famous instance of whether the ball crossed the line also occurred in another England v Germany match. With the 1966 World Cup final in extra time, striker Geoff Hurst scored with a controversial goal that bounced off the bar and back into play. It stood and England won the trophy.
At the Euro 2012 tournament in Ukraine and Poland, John Terry appeared to kick the ball off the line in England's group match against Ukraine. Replays showed it had crossed the line. After months of testing, the International FA Board (IFAB) approved both the Hawk-Eye and the GoalRef systems last year.
That decision gave the green light to the Premier League and Football Association to introduce the technology from next season. Another famous goal that was ruled out was a Pedro Mendes effort for Tottenham against Manchester United in 2005. Replays showed it had clearly crossed the line after Reds goalkeeper Roy Carroll fumbled the ball.
Hawk-Eye will make its debut in August's Community Shield. The system will need to be licensed, installed and then tested in every venue to make sure it is working properly. Frank Lampard's goal against Tottenham (pictured) stood in 2011 despite not appearing to cross the line.
Another goal that should not have stood was "scored" by Reading against Watford in 2008. The referee and his assistant awarded a goal despite the ball crossing the line metres outside the goal post. None of the Reading players even appealed for a goal to be given.
Another example of a disallowed goal involved a clash between AC Milan and Juventus in Italy last season. Sulley Muntari's goal wasn't given and Juventus went on to equalise and eventually win the Serie A title.
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