In pictures: North Korea's politics and history

  • 2 April 2013
  • From the section Politics
Kim Jong-un applauds during a military parade
North Korean leader Kim Jong-un applauds during a military parade

North Korea says it will restart all facilities at its main Yongbyon nuclear complex, including a reactor mothballed in 2007.

In a statement, it said the move would bolster North Korea's nuclear forces "in quality and quantity".

The move is the latest in a series of measures by Pyongyang after its third nuclear test in February.

It has been angered by the resultant UN sanctions and joint US-South Korea annual military drills.

In recent weeks the communist state has issued a series of threats against both South Korean and US targets, to which the US has responded with high-profile movements of advanced aircraft and warships around the Korean peninsula.

Google map of North Korea nuclear site

This is a map from Google showing the site in North Hamgyong province, where nuclear testing is thought to have occurred earlier this year. The country carried out similar tests in 2006 and 2009.

Kim Jong-il and Kim Jong-un

The secretive country is led by Kim Jong-un (right), who inherited the position from his father Kim Jong-il (left). When Kim Jong-il died in December 2011, the country went in to mourning.

Women cry as Kim Jong-il's coffin approaches in Pyongyang (28 Dec 2011)

After his death was announced, many North Koreans were pictured crying hysterically. People outside of the country questioned whether the grief was genuine, or a result of the oppressive regime.

Warning signs

The above images come from a warning sign on North Korean border fence near the Chinese town of Dujiagou. It advises people not to throw items across the border to North Korea, not to take pictures of soldiers and to "cherish a good life, abide by border regulations".

Mass games

North Korea is known to have large gatherings known as mass games, which happen in a stadium that can hold 150,000 people. Thousands of people participate in the display of gymnastics, drama and other sports. Kim Jong-il said that these events helped people develop communist traits.

Bridge between North Korea and South Korea

North Korea has suffered from poverty and famine in the past few decades. Here a bridge from South Korea ends in darkness, as North Korea struggles with getting electricity supplies. 24 million people live there and the government controls all TV and radio.

Ryugyong Hotel

Ryugyong Hotel, at over 300m, is the tallest structure in North Korea. Building work started on it in 1987 but stopped in the 1990s when the country had an economic crisis. Construction work has since restarted and it is due to be opened later in 2013.

Digging workers in North Korea

North Korean workers are seen digging in freezing cold temperatures. Aid agencies have estimated that up to two million people have died since the mid-1990s because of food shortages caused by natural disasters and economic problems. The state is also accused of human rights abuses. The UN has already put sanctions in place, on items including military and technological materials and luxury goods, as well as a set of financial sanctions.

Memorial in South Korea

Few people are allowed to leave North Korea and illegal attempts can result in a sentence at a labour camp. Here, a memorial in South Korea honours families left behind in North Korea, by people who have successfully crossed the border.

Newsbeat guide to... North Korea

North Korea's missile programme

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