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HMV's past: A history in pictures from 1921 to 2013
15 January 2013
Last updated at 12:59 GMT
See some pictures from key moments in HMV's history after the company calls in administrators.
HMV's trademark dog and gramophone image is taken from the 1898 oil painting, His Master's Voice, which features Nipper the dog listening to an early gramophone recording.
HMV was founded in 1921 with its first store on London's Oxford Street. In 1937 the store was destroyed in a blaze on Boxing Day. In the 1950s and 1960s Cliff Richard and the Beatles managers used the store to cut demo records which helped secure them record contracts.
17 May 1927: Singer Tito Schipa (1888 - 1965) making one of his own records in a record press room at HMV record plant in Hayes, Middlesex. HMV started selling its first compact discs in 1984.
HMV expanded across the UK and in the 1980s opened stores in countries around the world including Canada, Japan and the USA. In 1999 the chain bought Dillons and Waterstones bookshops and started selling CDs online but not downloads.
In 2000 came iTunes, which meant HMV had to change. McFly helped launch their Digital Download Service in 2005.
HMV stretched its brand into live music venues, artist management, more electronics and headphones in store. They also put cinemas in some stores in 2009. But in January 2013 HMV bosses called in the administrators.
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