Pope: Will Canadian Cardinal Marc Ouellet be chosen?

 
Canadian cardinal Marc Ouellet leaves the final congregation before cardinals enter the conclave to vote for a new pope, on 11 March 2013 in Vatican City, Vatican Cardinal Marc Ouellet led the Roman Catholic church in Quebec after becoming a missionary to South America early in his career

The French-Canadian Cardinal, Marc Ouellet, is a complex man: a boy from the sticks who became an academic theologian, a missionary to South America who has ended up as the ultimate Vatican insider.

If he becomes Pope, there will be endless speculation about where he would take the Church. After talking to both his friends and critics, I have a feeling it would be a bumpy journey, exhilarating for some, a dizzying ride for others.

He claims he was joking when he said being Pope was a nightmare job, but the challenges are enough to keep anyone awake at night.

I start to get a real sense of the man when Archbishop Gerald Lacroix shows me around the church, Notre Dame de Quebec, where his friend used to preach.

He says Marc Ouellet, his predecessor, left large shoes to fill. He has to stuff them with tissue paper, he jokes.

The Church needs a Pope who is pastoral, who loves people, the Archbishop says. It is clear, he thinks, that that man is Marc Ouellet.

Marc Ouellet

  • The 68-year-old currently leads the Vatican's office for Bishops, president of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America
  • Ordained 25 May 1968 at the diocese of Amos
  • Became Archbishop of Quebec in November 2002
  • Became a Cardinal under John Paul II in October 2003

"He is a man who knows the reality of humankind in the world. He speaks many languages, he's very sensitive," Archbishop Lacroix says.

"He's portrayed sometimes as very rigid and stern and serious. But once you know him on a personal level you see he is very sensitive and very attentive to the needs of people."

I watch early morning Mass at Notre Dame de Quebec. Beneath a gorgeous gilded canopy, golden arms stretching to the heavens, supporting a gigantic figure of a resplendent Christ, two lines of priest in purple robes walk forward two-by-two. They bow and kiss the altar.

Missionary dream

They almost outnumber the 16 grey-haired faithful in the pews. Perhaps that is no surprise in the middle of the week, but it is an indication of the challenges that a new Pope will face, if he wants to do more than manage decline.

I sit in the pews with Father Denis Belanger, who was Cardinal Ouellet's deputy here. A smile plays around his lips as he thinks of his friend.

He has fond memories of a man he says is warm one to one, if not charismatic in front of crowds. He says he prays that the new Pope will be "a man of faith" and obviously thinks the cardinal fits the bill.

He calls him a missionary of the heart, and says his time in South America is important.

"He dreamt of being a missionary when he was very young, and he realised that dream," Father Belanger says.

"He learned so many languages, and that tells you something about the man. He wanted to be in relationships with people from all over. You could see that here in this cathedral at Christmas Masses, speaking in English, German, Spanish and Italian.

"He knows pretty well all the believers on different continents," he adds. "He has this knowledge which is very important for the pastor of the universal church. He's a very gentle man. He likes to chat and to laugh. He can bring the world to the Lord."

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This magnificent cathedral is a far cry from the church where Cardinal Ouellet first said Mass as a parish priest in his birthplace of La Motte, a tiny village in French Canada's frozen north.

He is one of eight children. His father was a farmer and as a boy he loved hunting and fishing.

He has said he became serious about his vocation after reading religious tracts while laid up after breaking his leg in an ice hockey accident.

But he has also said he was inspired by staring up at the night sky above La Motte, thinking of the crazy speed of the stars, pondering man's place amid the immensity. There is an intensely philosophical turn to this Vatican insider - he delights in obscure theological argument.

'Freelancers'

He did his doctoral thesis on the German Swiss theologian Von Balthazar, who is a big influence.

It is dense and difficult stuff, but from what I can understand, part of the message is that the Church cannot compromise with a world that is deserting God, because the world can only be understood by the intersection between God and the world.

Archbishop Lacroix says of Cardinal Ouellet: "He is a man who is very deeply rooted in the Lord and intense spiritual life. He does not live by opinions or what other people think, but his main desire is to be in tune, in touch, in relationship with God."

The robes for the new Pope have been made in small, medium and large sizes

"Does that make him rigid?" I ask.

"I don't think God is rigid," says Archbishop Lacroix. "I don't think that makes you rigid. It makes you even more attentive to the people around you."

But he is worried about the secular world?

"Of course he is," says the archbishop. "Aren't we all? Because he sees more and more people are living their lives and making decisions without any reference to God, as if they were freelancers, as if they were not created by God. And that is worrying."

Whatever you call it, Cardinal Ouellet's attitude ensured his time in Quebec was not trouble-free. Some saw him not as a native son made good, but an imposition from Rome.

He issued an apology for the past sins of the Church - writing that before the 1960s the Church had discriminated against women and gays, and had been guilty of racism and anti-Semitism.

But at the heart of his fierce spirituality is the view that the Church should not compromise with the secular world, which he once said was in the grip of a cult of death.

He refused to back down from his view that even if a woman had been raped, abortion was wrong; he campaigned against euthanasia and gay marriage. His views on celibacy and contraception are very traditional.

But my sense is that this is no simple conservatism, a nostalgic cleaving to the ways of the past, but a militant, evangelical desire to take on a world that, as he sees it, has abandoned God.

'Changed forever'

The dean of Laval University's theology faculty, Gilles Routhier, has known Cardinal Ouellet for years and says that his desire for confrontation could be awkward.

"I would say he is not at ease in the secular world and he tends to challenge it," Mr Routhier says. "I would say he believes we have the truth, and we must try to persuade the other to come to this truth.

Start Quote

And all they say is 'all the victims need is faith' - not therapy, not compensation - faith. It's antique”

End Quote Frank Tremblay

"His weaknesses are probably his capacity to listen to others, to take advice and work with others."

Pretty serious weaknesses, I observe.

"It could be, depending on the type [of Pope] we are looking for."

Some claim when it counts, he has not only failed to listen, but also failed to confront the evil of the world.

The twin spires of Basilica of St Anne de Beaupre loom over the low-rise fast-food joints, motels and banks that litter the road leading to this, one of North America's main sites of pilgrimage.

About half an hour's drive from Quebec City, it may aptly symbolise Cardinal Ouellet's view of a beautiful truth hemmed in by a crass world. Yet some say he has not done enough to confront the evils of the world, when the Church itself is at fault.

One of the main problems any new Pope will have to deal with is the aftermath of years of sexual abuse of children by priests.

At the basilica, I meet Frank Tremblay, who takes me to the school behind it. He points, high up, to a window.

In that room, he tells me, he was assaulted several times a week by a priest, whose duty it was to look after the dormitory. It went on for months.

He tells me in graphic detail of the first assault, his shame looking at himself in the mirror afterwards, his guilt then and for years afterwards. The priest is now in prison, but for Frank, the Church has not done enough to pay for his wrecked life.

He clutches a piece of cardboard with a statement written out in English, which he wants to read for our cameras. But in conversation, what he lacks in linguistic fluency, he makes up for in the emotional passion of a shattered life.

Canadian Cardinal Marc Ouellet leads a procession at the start of a mass at the Santa Maria in Transpontina church in Rome March 10, 2013 Marc Ouellet leads Mass at an Italian church ahead of the conclave

"Once a paedophile touches you, you are changed forever," he says. "You are a different person. And all they say is 'all the victims need is faith' - not therapy, not compensation - faith. It's antique."

But I put it to him, Cardinal Ouellet has apologised. He went to Ireland as the Pope's representative, for that very purpose.

"Marc Ouellet, when at the top of the Canadian church never apologised," he says. "He went to Ireland for the Pope, but he never apologised here.

"He said 'pray, you have pray, you have to forgive'. He didn't want to talk to the victims. Is this the man who'd be able to do a good job as Pope? He would be the same as when he did nothing."

Archbishop Lacroix denies that Cardinal Ouellet turned a blind eye.

"No he did not ignore the problem," says the archbishop. "Didn't do enough? We will never do enough in front of such a tragedy.

"For over 20 years now in the Church all through Canada, we have a policy of zero tolerance. And we have procedures: immediately someone complains, it is taken care of. We meet that person. I think [Cardinal Ouellet] would continue doing that."

Sexual abuse is but one problem facing the Church. Being Pope is indeed a nightmare of a job, for whoever does it.

For some, Cardinal Ouellet would be too much like Benedict, a man who lacks superstar charisma, with a taste for obscure academic theology.

But he seems like a man who would seek to define a clear message, tackling problems with a stern glee, a missionary zeal to challenge a world he feels has gone badly, sadly wrong, and that needs to be re-made in God's image, with the authority of Rome.

 
Mark Mardell Article written by Mark Mardell Mark Mardell North America editor

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  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 95.

    93 Makonnen

    "Election of a Pope will be crucial before MAN is detroyed by his own Evil Deeds"

    What an insult to all those human beings who for thousands of years strove to civilise mankind through untold difficulties and dangers. It was so-called pagans, the Greeks and Romans who are the founders of European culture and their thinkers and philosophers, not any pope or biblical mumbo jumbo

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 94.

    Mak@93
    "Faith
    declining"
    Because of abuse
    In secret & open church

    Criminal (physical, sexual) AND future-criminal (teaching error)

    Missing 'point' of such as Jesus, liberation of conscience loving 'God & Man', missing example & lessons of Ancient Greece, Occam's Razor, Enlightenment Science, churches still pit Big God against Little Gods, misrepresenting 'spiritual context' in sham 'revelations'

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 93.

    Faith in GOD & Chritstianity in particular is decling in the World because of some Leaders of the Faith abusing their authority in particular in the Catholic Church. This in turn has encouraged the rise of Atheism & Gay rights.Changing these trend is a majer concern to all who believe in one GOD & the Election of a dedicated Pope will be crucial before MAN is detroyed by his own Evil Deeds .

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 92.

    quietoaktree (88),

    “… your logic confuses me .”

    Is it ALL confusing, or do you think you understand some parts?

  • Comment number 91.

    All this user's posts have been removed.Why?

  • Comment number 90.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 89.

    "I would say he is not at ease in the secular world and he tends to challenge it," Mr Routhier says. "I would say he believes we have the truth, and we must try to persuade the other to come to this truth"
    That sounds mighty like the philosophy behind many faith traditions.I'm not sure why it's seen as a weakness instead of a job description.We've had early popes who wallowed in the secular world

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 88.

    #84 FrTed

    " But remember, these crimes took place 30+ years ago. "

    --and are still occurring !

    --"safe place´ does not appear to have protected the victims" How many more without it?"

    -- You apparently maintain -- Repetition is NOT escalation ???

    --your logic confuses me .

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 87.

    Re #85

    What House Rules were broken?

    -- Getting down to the´nitty gritty´ ?

    --and questioning arguments and statements --as to which ethics the next Pope should have-- so that there is no repeat of the countless atrocities done against those under his protection ?

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 86.

    81. marieinaustin

    "All I know is this world doesn’t make reincarnation sound like fun."

    Buddhists seem to embrace it, even if Christians don't.

  • Comment number 85.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 84.

    82. margaret howard

    1. Successful counselling? Obviously I can't answer. It lies outside my experience. But remember, these crimes took place 30+ years ago. The present crisis arrives from masking the crimes, not their commitment.

    2. Listen to children. Obviously I can't answer that either. The conversations (in and out of the Confessional) are confidential but take place every single day.

  • rate this
    -2

    Comment number 83.

    When the Boston Globe exposed the extent of abuse ten years ago, it reported among the Boston Diocese's c. 805 of currently serving and retired priests, 78 either had been convicted of sexual abuse or were currently in court proceedings over the same. They named each one. If 1 out of ten priests were in court over abuse, how many were engaged in it? Celibacy not a factor????

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 82.

    73 FrTed

    "Having somewhere and someone to talk to in absolute confidence is critical to many in need. Abused wife, bullied child"

    Then why weren't such confessions in 'absolute confidence' more successful in counselling priests with paedophile inclinations to stop their disgusting behaviour?

    And how many abused and bullied children were listened to or helped in the confessional?

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 81.

    All I know is this world doesn’t make reincarnation sound like fun.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 80.

    Re 75: first aim of counseling is to achieve acceptance of responsibility

    Re 74: How prevalent? I have a biased view, I see too many. More prevalent than we realise I suspect.

    Most of my clients are middle-aged, married fathers. Some late teens but this is more a question of immaturity and sexual identity.

    "safe place´ does not appear to have protected the victims" How many more without it?

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 79.

    Fine portrait, harsh in 'own words', lessons unlearned from centuries of horror & scandal. Redemption only in true confession, in credible faith as @28,33

    From the implicit prospectus here presented, escape from 'authoritative cleverness' seems unlikely, except from lack of charisma beyond one-to-one (smiling bonhomie, gleeful 'theological argument')

    As in 'ordinary politics', preying on young

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 78.

    39. powermeerkat "Supreme being's existence is an unfalsifiable"

    Not completely, the RC Church and other religions have made a large number of (frequently contradictory and changing over time) assertions as to the nature of this being. One can observe the world and see to what extent it comports with the existence of such a being. I would say not much. Plus, they've been wrong on science freqly.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 77.

    #73 FrTed

    "Were it not for this "safe place", the crime/sin festers and can escalate"

    -- Repetition is not escalation ?

    -- Can´t buy that argument-- in a closed and protected secretive system such as the Church.

    -- ´safe place´ does not appear to have protected the victims.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 76.

    @ 71 quietoaktree

    I was referring specifically to pedophilia

    The story of the sadistic nun teaching in the convent is apocryphal
    Everyone has either experienced it or knows someone who has

    The essential element is control, needing to be loved for who you are. Not loving yourself leads to "if I am not loved then I will make sure you're not"

    (Answer to 74&75 follows in 10 minutes ...... LOL)

 

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