President Barack Obama defeats Romney to win re-election


Barack Obama: "I have never been more hopeful"

President Barack Obama has been re-elected to a second term, defeating Republican challenger Mitt Romney.

America's first black president secured more than the 270 votes in the electoral college needed to win.

In his victory speech before supporters in Chicago, Mr Obama said he would talk to Mr Romney about "where we can work together to move this country forward".

Mr Obama prevailed despite lingering dissatisfaction with the economy and a hard-fought challenge by Mr Romney.

His Democrats also retained their majority in the Senate, which they have held since 2007.

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The Republicans kept control of the House of Representatives, which analysts say will likely result in more of the gridlock that characterised Mr Obama's first term, with the House and the president at loggerheads on most legislation.

In his address, the president challenged his opponents, asking them to work with him.

With only Florida's 29 electoral votes still undecided, Mr Obama won 303 electoral votes to Mr Romney's 206.

The popular vote, which is symbolically and politically important but not decisive in the race, remains very close.

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Both candidates said this was a choice of two visions - America has chosen ”

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'One nation' speech

Mr Obama congratulated Mr Romney and Republican vice-presidential candidate Paul Ryan on their hard-fought campaign.

"We have picked ourselves up, we have fought our way back and we know in our hearts that for the United States of America the best is yet to come," he said.

Mr Obama said he was returning to the White House "more determined, and more inspired than ever about the work there is to do, and the future that lies ahead".

He pledged to work with Republican leaders in Congress to reduce the government's budget deficit, fix the tax code and reform the immigration system.

"We are an American family and we rise and fall together as one nation," he said.

In Boston, where his campaign was based, Mr Romney congratulated the president and said he and Mr Ryan had "left everything on the field" and had given their all in the campaign.

US media reaction

Thomas L Friedman of the New York Times writes: "No one can know for sure what complex emotional chemistry tipped this election Obama's way… it came down to a majority of Americans believing that whatever his faults, Obama was trying his hardest to fix what ails the country."

Dan Balz of the Washington Post says: "Tuesday's election produced an uncertain mandate, although Obama will attempt to claim one. Obama offered a plan, but not one that deals directly with some of the problems he will have to confront immediately."

A Wall Street Journal opinion piece read: "[Obama] said little during the campaign about his first term and even less about his plans for a second. Instead his strategy was to portray Mitt Romney as a plutocrat… it worked with brutal efficiency - the definition of winning ugly."

Doyle McManus of the Los Angeles Times writes: "If we're lucky, we will find that we elected a different Obama from the one who won four years ago - not just a grayer Obama but a wiser one too."

Referring to the struggling economy, Mr Romney said now was not the time for "partisan bickering and political posturing", and that Republicans and Democrats must "put people before politics".

"I so wish that I had been able to fulfil your hopes to lead the country in a different direction but the nation chose another leader and so I join with you to earnestly pray for [Mr Obama] and for this great nation," he said.

Under the US constitution, each state is given a number of electoral votes in rough proportion to its population. The candidate who wins 270 electoral votes - by prevailing in the mostly winner-takes-all state contests - becomes president.

On Tuesday, the president held the White House by assembling solid Democratic states and a number of important swing states such as Colorado, Iowa, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Minnesota, Virginia and Wisconsin. His narrow victory in Ohio, a critical Mid-Western swing state, sealed the victory.

In other key ballots:

  • Referendums in Maine, Maryland and Washington state approved same-sex marriage, while a measure in Minnesota to block gay unions failed
  • Colorado and Washington state voted to legalise recreational use of marijuana
  • California voters rejected a proposal to abolish the death penalty
  • In a referendum, Puerto Ricans voted in favour of becoming the 51st US state, if Congress approves the move.
Billions spent

Mr Romney won North Carolina and Indiana, both of which Mr Obama won in 2008, as well as the solid Republican states.

Reaction to the result

Analysis: A vote for the status quo

Peston: Does US election matter to us?

What Obama's win means for the world

World reaction to Obama's re-election

In pictures: US elects a president

Clash over 'fiscal cliff' looms

But he was unable to win in Ohio or other states needed to breach the 270 threshold.

Also on Tuesday's ballot were 11 state governorships, a third of the seats in the 100-member US Senate and all 435 seats in the House of Representatives.

Mr Obama's victory came despite lingering high unemployment - 7.9% on election day - and tepid economic growth.

But voters gave him credit for his 2009 rescue of the US car industry among other policy accomplishments, and rewarded him for ordering the commando mission that killed Osama Bin Laden in Pakistan last year.

He and Mr Romney, as well as their respective allies, have spent more than $2bn (£1.25bn) - largely on adverts in swing states.


More on This Story

US Presidential Election 2012


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  • rate this

    Comment number 590.

    Two mediocre candidates where it is difficult to tell whether the best man won. Considering Obama's track record, it looks clear that George W Bush has just won a fourth term in the White House.

  • rate this

    Comment number 589.

    @570. Cocotte

    "Looks like the next world war has been postponed"
    Unless ur Iranian :P

    @574. Trout
    Confine ur rants to this article plz.

    U clearly u put equality ahead of Freedom. U ignore:
    “A society that puts equality before freedom will get neither. A society that puts freedom before equality will get a high degree of both.”

  • rate this

    Comment number 588.

    @458.Dancin Pagan The Mad Kiltie

    "As others have said, Iran will be happy."
    "And yet you feel the need to let us all know with your final sarcastic comment? Sounds awfully like sour grapes!"

    Just adding an infinitesimal amount of balance to what is otherwise a massive socialist self-spanking session.

  • Comment number 587.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 586.

    Much of the blame for the Republican's failure may rest with Fox News which was apparently so fundamentalist over who it would support for president meant that any really credible candidate fell by the wayside.

  • rate this

    Comment number 585.


    Just now

    @564 'Shaúnie Babes'
    Looking at your posts it's difficult to differentiate whether you have a problem with Democrats, or a Democrat President - or just both.
    I'll let you know when they elect one

  • rate this

    Comment number 584.

    Romneys not bothered. This was only a practise run for when he gets to rule a planet when he dies. Still, he must be wondering why his magic underpants didn't give him more votes.
    ( confused? Look up Mormon beliefs )

  • rate this

    Comment number 583.

    Utter rubbish Obama WON by a landslide, get back to your greedy fed lives and get ready to be taxed.
    He cares about his own people American people 'Obamacare', its not about greed and corporate/market influence.
    These people who oppose him, are the cancer of our world, greedy capitalistic individuals who caused the whole global economic problem in the first place.
    Pay your taxes.

  • rate this

    Comment number 582.

    If it ain't broke, don't fix it

    Congratulations to Democratic Party and Obama

  • rate this

    Comment number 581.

    Well, he survived. Thankfully. I only hope Obama becomes more respectful of international law in his second term. Authorising non-judicial killing is sure to be a subject which keeps raising its head in the coming years. It sits very ill on the shoulders of a man who claims to be honest and intent on doing "the right thing".

  • rate this

    Comment number 580.

    I live in Florida and BBC was the only live (tv) coverage I could find online last night. I was able then to watch the election until about 1am (EST) when suddenly the stream stopped and a message appeared 'not available in your area', which I think has to do with my local internet provider, comcast.

    Thank you BBC, good job.

  • rate this

    Comment number 579.

    @564 'Shaúnie Babes'
    Looking at your posts it's difficult to differentiate whether you have a problem with Democrats, or a Democrat President - or just both.

  • rate this

    Comment number 578.

    " Bastiat
    Can o tell me how socialising the private losses onto unconnected innocent taxpayers of the entire population"

    Had a large part of the banking sector collapsed the taxpayer may well have been innocent but most certainly would not be unconnected. I presume you would have been content to have lost life savings in such a bank that collapsed?

  • rate this

    Comment number 577.

    Admittedly though public health care is a step in the right direction, and is something I always supported. Beware, however, the Administration has a habit of taking away more with one hand than it gives with the other. I really hope that Obama continues to improve social equity. I hope he does not simply yield to his corporate sponsors like all the rest. Dream on? Probably. Time will tell.

  • rate this

    Comment number 576.

    568. ihopethisworks

    Obama seems to have got just over 50% of the vote, which means that the leader of the free world has been endorsed by ... 25% of US citizens.
    When will America learn that the expression "leader of the free world" is utterly offensive to non-Americans?

    America doesn't lead me - I had no vote.

    If I had, America would start recovery by taking a long, hard look at itself.

  • rate this

    Comment number 575.

    Obama's speech is making me cry... What a president! What a man!

  • rate this

    Comment number 574.

    Who mentioned slavery or Nazis? What are u on about?"

    You have on previous discussions argued that in antebellum USA your objections to slavery were economic; you also condemned the WW2 generation for committing future generations to a huge debt to fund a war they started. Moreover your arguments for anything are almost purely economic, ignoring any societal good not measurable in £$.

  • rate this

    Comment number 573.

    Newsflash: America DOES have a brain in not voting for a warmonger. I am pleasently surprised!

  • rate this

    Comment number 572.

    525.ProudAmerican "the Libertarian Party is "fiscally" conservative but "socially" liberal".
    I wish more people would vote for them. 'Progressives' like Obama are inconsistent: i.e. it's OK to be gay but not fat. Indeed the Tea Party (who get a lot more attention) began in opposition to the war on obesity, pity they got hijacked by stereotypical 'God, guns & gays' Republicans.

  • rate this

    Comment number 571.

    Obama! Obama! Obama! Obama! Obama! Obama!


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