Obama ends young migrant deportations

 

President Obama: "It makes no sense to expel talented young people who, for all intents and purposes, are Americans"

US President Barack Obama has announced an immediate end to the deportation of illegal immigrants who came to the US as children, describing the move as "the right thing to do".

Those aged between 16 and 30 who have lived in the US for five years could now be eligible for work permits.

The move is seen as addressing a key Latino concern in an election year.

But Mr Obama's Republican opponent, Mitt Romney, said it was the wrong way to approach the problem.

Mr Romney said the issue should be dealt with by legislation, rather than an executive order "that can be reversed by subsequent presidents".

The plan, which goes into effect immediately, is expected to affect as many as 800,000 people.

Mr Obama and his Republican opponent Mitt Romney are courting Hispanic voters in key states ahead of November's election.

'Especially justified'

Speaking at the White House, Mr Obama said the initiative was "the right thing to do", adding that "it makes no sense to expel talented young people" from the US.

Analysis

The decision is a political coup that undoubtedly will energise Mr Obama's sagging campaign. He is using his prosecutorial discretion to bypass Congress' inaction on immigration reform.

The most sensitive issue has been what to do with young immigrants who were brought into the country illegally by their parents. The majority have mostly been integrated into American society, gone to high school and have few ties with the countries they left behind.

Under the so-called Dream Act they have been asking for a normalisation of their status so they may continue to study and make their lives in the US. The Obama government has, at least, met them part of the way, if not by offering residence status, by stopping deportations and allowing them to work.

The measure also pre-empts any projects that might have been presented by rival Republicans, especially a version of the Dream Act touted by Florida senator Marco Rubio, who is a vital card in Mitt Romney's effort to connect with the Latino community.

The president also said the measure had been announced in "the absence of any immigration action" from Congress and urged the passage of the Dream Act, a bill that aimed to establish a path towards US citizenship for young people who were brought to the US as minors.

"They are American in their hearts, in their minds, in every way but one: on paper," Mr Obama said.

He said the measure would improve the US economy, benefit its national security and was simply "the right thing to do. Period".

In an unusual turn of events, Mr Obama was interrupted by a questioner from the media during his announcement, an intervention which left the president visibly surprised.

Earlier on Friday Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano said deportation laws were not designed to be "blindly enforced without consideration given to the individual circumstances of each case".

"Discretion, which is used in so many other areas, is especially justified here," she added.

The policy change does not provide a path to permanent lawful status, or a path to citizenship, Ms Napolitano said, adding that it is not immunity or amnesty.

But, she added, many "productive young people" who would be eligible under the changes posed no threat to national security or public safety.

Illegal immigrants in states such as Alabama are facing restrictive new laws as well as long-term insecurity about their status

In order to be eligible under the new initiative, illegal immigrants must:

  • have arrived in the US when they were under the age of 16
  • have lived continuously in the US for at least five years
  • be in school, or have graduated from high school or be honourably discharged veterans of the US military
  • have no criminal record
  • be under 30 years old.

If successful, applicants would receive a work permit for two years that can be renewed an unlimited number of times.

Start Quote

A senior official says it is "an exercise in prosecutorial discretion". To many it will look more like a blatant piece of electioneering by Barack Obama, a sop to critically important Latino voters.”

End Quote

Mr Romney said Mr Obama's decision had complicated an issue that could only be dealt with through legislation.

"I believe the status of young people who come here through no fault of their own is an important matter to be considered and it should be solved on a long-term basis so they know what their future will be in this country," Mr Romney said.

"I think the action that the president took today makes it more difficult to reach that long-term solution," he added.

He did not say, however, whether he would reverse the decision if elected.

Latino rights groups in the US quickly hailed the decision, with the National Council of La Raza, the country's largest Hispanic organisation describing it as sensible, good news.

 

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  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 226.

    Although I agree in amnesty for immigrants under 30 and those over 18 who can prove they have been productive members of society for five years, I disagree in the presidents timing to make such a decision. The president may have good ideas, but isn't good at prioritizing them. He could have done this before the healthcare bill, now it appears to be purely a political move.

  • rate this
    +6

    Comment number 184.

    As a High School math teacher in TX I fully support this idea. This is for people brought here as minors, who graduate high school and have no criminal record. What a fantastic incentive to reduce gang and drug related violence and to encourage academic effort in some of our poorest schools. The legal US citizens in the poorest areas will benefit from these changes too!

  • rate this
    +5

    Comment number 177.

    You must remember that the children who came here had no choice in becoming "illegal." Their parents migrated here with the intentions to better the lives of their children through economic stability, not hurt them with frightening laws that could return them to a nation some have spent only a few years living in. Young people deserve a chance no matter which country they were born or raised in.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 144.

    I’m divided. I agree that the concept of this is insulting to anyone who has spent time and energy getting their own visas, but at the same time, all Obama is doing is providing a legal means of staying in the country for people who never had the choice to come here in the first place. I think that this could be beneficial to the country, pandering or not.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 68.

    An amnesty for illegals in the UK only served to create more of a magnet,and look at the problems the UK now has.A naive move by Mr Obama I think

 

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