Anwar al-Awlaki and America's fear of the enemy within

Anwar Anwar al-Awlaki Awlaki's death follows a series of other killings of senior al-Qaeda operatives this summer

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Anwar al-Awlaki was an example of one of America's most potent fears: the enemy within.

He was born, raised and educated in America, a citizen of America who turned against the country he knew best.

He literally spoke their language and used it to exhort other Americans to kill their fellow citizens.

It is claimed that he was the intellectual driving force behind just about all the recent attacks or foiled plots.

He is meant to have given religious advice to the soldier accused of the Fort Hood killings.

The man who planned a Times Square bombing said Awlaki was his inspiration.

He "communicated" with the Nigerian accused of trying to blow up a plane using explosives in his underpants.

Attack on First Amendment?

But it is perhaps as a symbol that he both puzzles and infuriates Americans.

Not a tribesman from a distant country who knew of America only through ill-digested propaganda.

He lived here, day by day, for the best part of two decades. He knew the country well. And he hated it.

That scares Americans and makes a minority of them look with suspicion on all those who share his religion.

There will be questions raised about his killing. He was at the top of the US hit list - but this is the execution of an American citizen without a trial.

If the pundits are to be believed, he inspired attacks rather than plotted them, although there are suggestions he had a more operational role recently.

But it raises the possibility that he was assassinated for what he said, not what he did.

Although this will be looked at by many as a legal question, it is really a moral and political one.

Still, very few Americans will worry about the infringements of his rights under the first amendment.

Those who will be most alarmed are left-wingers, natural supporters of the president.

Their distaste undermines Republican arguments that he is craven when it comes to national security, so it does President Obama little political damage and some good.

Indeed, this appears to be another vindication of Mr Obama's policy of seeking out and killing terrorists.

Although aides point out he's merely doing what he said he would do during his election campaign, it is also part of an important transition from counter-insurgency to counter-terrorism.

Yemen is a more virulent breeding ground for America's enemies than Afghanistan. But there aren't thousands of US troops in the Arabian peninsula, nor will there be.

Of course, Yemen and Afghanistan's backgrounds are very different.

Put simply, Mr Obama believes that you don't need thousands of American troops on the ground to keep America safe.

This killing will help him argue the success of that policy.

Mark Mardell Article written by Mark Mardell Mark Mardell Presenter, The World This Weekend

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  • rate this

    Comment number 16.

    I read the first 5 comments on this article and realized that AQ could be winning against the West. We have a bunch of illiterate westerners making this a Democratic vs. Republican issue and discussing points that have nothing to do with this. Americans would be better off reforming their education system so the rest of us don't have to read this spectacle.

  • rate this

    Comment number 24.

    Perhaps it has been the UK's well publicized angst over their own homegrown, and highly successful, terrorists which has driven the US to be more than a little cautious about what might be growing in the weeds of our own society. Killing Awlaki demonstrates we take it seriously, and legally, when someone states "I am at war with the US". Soldiers at war don't serve warrants. They kill enemies

  • rate this

    Comment number 10.

    The ACLU and their most ardent supporters will fret about this, but not many others. I see no first amendment problem here at all. Although a US citizen by birth, his parents were not, and he identified with their Yemeni nationality. By participating in al Qaeda's war against the United States, he was a legitimate target, in my opinion.

  • rate this

    Comment number 2.

    Why are you trying to bootstrap this into a first amendment issue?

    It isn't what he said, it's what he *was* - a leading figure within AQAP.

    He took up arms against the US - whether or not he's a citizen is irrelevant, he declared himself a combatant and as such became a legitimate target.

    If there's any "enemy within", it's the media when they try to make more out of things than they are.

  • rate this

    Comment number 14.

    It is interesting that after two middle east wars costing billions of dollars and thousands of lives (both invaders and indigents) the biggest impact on Al Qaeda results from low cost pinpointed assassinations in other countries.


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