Afghanistan: Bamiyan province handed to local forces

The BBC's Jonathan Beale is at the handover ceremony

Nato has handed over control of the central Afghan province of Bamiyan to Afghan security forces.

It is the first of seven areas to be passed to local forces under a plan announced by President Karzai in March.

Bamiyan is one of the country's most secure provinces but it is a poor region, heavily reliant on foreign aid.

The handover is seen as a critical step in a transition of power before foreign troops end combat operations in 2014.

Senior Afghan ministers and foreign ambassadors flew down from the capital, Kabul to take part in a transition ceremony that for security reasons was not announced in advance and was not broadcast live.

The ceremony was held at Bamiyan's police headquarters. The police will take responsibility for security in the province as there are no army units stationed there.

International forces from New Zealand will remain in the area for the time being, but they will be under Afghan control.

Local fears

Analysis

Bamiyan is largely dominated by the ethnic Hazaras and is one of the safest provinces in Afghanistan which is why it's been picked as one of the first places for the transition.

For the past couple of years, the New Zealand forces stationed here have been working jointly with the Afghan forces who will now be responsible for the overall security.

They will face a major challenge because even if Bamiyan is relatively peaceful, the neighbouring provinces are not. The highways leading into it from Kabul and other parts of the country are considered unsafe and the Afghan forces will have their hands full trying to prevent the infiltration of insurgents.

Six areas are still to be handed over to Afghan forces in this first phase of the transition. They include:

  • Kabul province
  • Panjshir province
  • Herat city
  • Mazar-e Sharif city
  • Lashkar Gah city
  • Mehtar Lam town

The greatest challenge for Afghan forces is likely to be faced in Lashkar Gah, the capital of volatile Helmand province in the south where Taliban insurgents remain active.

On Saturday a British soldier was killed near Lashkar Gah while on patrol with the Afghan army - reports suggest that he might have been shot by a man in an Afghan army uniform.

And just weeks after President Karzai's announcement in March, seven UN staff were killed during a deadly protest in Mazar-e Sharif in northern Afghanistan.

Start Quote

Time to time armed men try to come from the unsecure neighbouring provinces but our police deals with them”

End Quote Habiba Sorabi Governor of Bamiyan

The BBC's Jonathan Beale, in Bamiyan, says that if the transition here does not work well, it is hard to see it taking root in less secure parts of the country.

But the governor of Bamiyan was optimistic, pointing out that Bamiyan has not been badly affected by the Taliban offensive over the years.

"We don't have much of security issues here, Bamiyan is a secure province. From time to time armed men try to come from the unsecure neighbouring provinces but our police deal with them," Habiba Sorabi told the BBC's Afghan Stream.

Bamiyan still has many problems with around 50% of the population not getting enough food to eat. Many Afghans who live here are worried that transition will mean more corruption, less employment and less security, our correspondent says.

Taliban offensive

At the time of the initial handover announcement, Nato Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said that every step of the transition would be "determined by conditions on the ground".

BAMIYAN

bamiyan
  • Central Afghan province famed for the ancient colossal Buddha statues destroyed by the Taliban in 2001
  • Mountains cover about 90% of the province, which has a population of more than 500,000
  • The majority of Bamiyan's population come from the ethnic Hazara group
  • In 2005 Bamiyan elected Afghanistan's first and only female governor, Habiba Sorabi

Correspondents say that despite rising casualty numbers, the surge of extra American troops and tens of thousands of new Afghan police and soldiers have improved security in a number of areas in the country.

However the quality of Afghan police and soldiers is patchy and correspondents warn of fears that they will be unable to withstand a renewed summer offensive from the Taliban.

There have been a number of high-profile attacks in the country including an assault by militants on a luxury hotel in Kabul that left 22 people dead. On Tuesday, President Karzai's half-brother was shot dead in Kandahar by his own head of security.

The Bamiyan handover is the first step in a long process of withdrawal, after which the primary role of foreign troops will be to train and equip Afghan security forces. Nato troops will cease to engage in battle.

Analysts say Nato will find it difficult to effect a successful transition without an end to the war and some kind of political settlement with the Taliban.

There are currently around 140,000 foreign troops in Afghanistan, nearly 100,000 of whom are from the US, still battling the Taliban insurgency.

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