Maldives profile - Leaders
President: Abdulla Yameen
Abdulla Yameen won the presidential election run-off in November 2013, narrowly defeating the favourite Mohamed Nasheed in a ballot which voters hoped would end nearly two years of political turmoil.
The crisis occasionally spilled over into violent protests after Mr Nasheed, the Maldives' first democratically elected president in 2008, was forced to resign in 2012 in what he said was a coup.
Three attempts to hold the election were annulled or delayed in as many months.
Mr Yameen is a half-brother of Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, who ruled for 30 years and is considered a dictator by rights groups and opponents.
The United States and regional superpower India were among the first to congratulate Mr Yameen.
Mr Nasheed conceded defeat after a bitterly fought battle and said he was pleased that the country finally had a democratically elected leader.
Maldives introduced democratic elections in 2008, ending President Gayoom's three decades of autocratic rule.