Bhutan profileHead of state: King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck succeeded his father, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, in December 2006 after the former monarch announced his abdication. His formal coronation was postponed until after the country's transformation into a parliamentary democracy had been completed and did not take place until November 2008.
The new king, who was 26 when he became head of state, promised to build on his father's efforts to democratise Bhutan. His predecessor had already given up some of his absolute powers in 1998 and ruled in conjunction with the government, an assembly and a royal advisory council.
Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck studied in the US and at Oxford University, where he completed an MA in politics.
After graduating, the future monarch was encouraged by his father to travel abroad as an ambassador for the Bhutanese people.
He insisted that it was critically important for Bhutan to complete the process of becoming a constitutional monarchy, despite the reluctance of many Bhutanese to see a diminution of the monarch's powers.
In the run-up to the March 2008 elections, he travelled extensively around the country, encouraging people to take part in the vote.
The high regard in which the Bhutanese monarchy is held, and the former king's foresight in scaling back its powers, makes it unlikely that it will suffer the same fate as the royal family in Nepal.
In November 2011, the king married a commoner, 21-year-old student Jetsun Pema.Prime Minister: Jigme Thinley
Jigme Thinley became Bhutan's first elected prime minister following the country's first polls in March 2008.
He is the leader of the Bhutan Harmony Party, which won most votes in the parliamentary election.
The election was intended to mark the completion of the country's peaceful transition from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional one. The move to democratic rule was ordered by the state's popular royal house, the Wangchucks.
Mr Thinley has served as prime minister on two previous occasions, although the post has hitherto rotated among members of the council of ministers.
He can be expected to wield more power and serve as long as he retains the confidence of parliament and the king.
Born in 1952, he was foreign minister between 1998 and 2003 and later served as home affairs minister.