Pakistan floods 'heart-wrenching' - UN chief

UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon: "So many people, in so many places, in so much need"

UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has described as "heart-wrenching" the destruction he witnessed on a visit to flood-devastated Pakistan.

Mr Ban said the scale of the disaster was greater than anything he had seen before.

He again urged the world to speed up aid to the country, saying shelter and medicine were desperately needed.

The Pakistani government says up to 20 million people have now been affected by the monsoon floods.

At least 1,500 are known to have lost their lives.

Health experts are warning that the threat of epidemics in flood-hit areas is growing.

Deep concern

"This has been a heart-wrenching day for me and for my delegation," Mr Ban said at a press conference, stood alongside President Asif Ali Zardari.

At the scene

Ban Ki-moon and President Zardari flew by helicopter over four districts of Punjab, the province known as this country's bread basket.

Now from the air it looks like a land of sprawling lakes. Valuable crops like sugar cane and wheat are under water. Mud houses are submerged, millions have fled.

The visitors were greeted with loud applause when they visited a relief camp set up by the Pakistan military. It is now home to about 1,000 displaced people.

They cheered when Ban Ki-moon said he hoped they would soon go home.

But their homes are gone and there are millions of Pakistanis facing the same uncertain fate. The UN says not even half are receiving aid.

"I will never forget the destruction and suffering I have witnessed today.

"In the past I have seen scenes of natural disaster around the world, but nothing like this. The scale of this disaster is so large. So many people in so many places in so much need."

He announced a further $10m (£6.4m) from the UN's central emergency response fund, making a total of $27m from the fund so far, and repeated his calls for the international community to come to Pakistan's aid.

"The people of Pakistan need food, emergency shelters, medicines, clean water," he said.

"We are all deeply concerned about the spread of diarrhoea and other water-borne diseases. All our combined medical capacity will be needed to provide the right drugs and care."

He said one fifth of Pakistan had been ravaged by floods.

"The flood waves must be matched with waves of global support," he said.

The flooding began more than two weeks ago in the mountainous north-west of Pakistan and has swept south across a quarter of the country including its agricultural heartland.

The International Monetary Fund has warned that the floods could have dire long-term economic consequences for a country already reliant on foreign aid.

On Wednesday the UN launched a $459m appeal for emergency aid for Pakistan. It said that billions of dollars would be needed in the long term.

The US has already donated at least $70m to the country, which is a key regional ally in fighting terrorism.

Other disasters seen by Ban Ki-moon

  • 2004 tsunami killed nearly a quarter of a million people in 13 countries
  • Earthquake centred in Pakistan-administered Kashmir in 2005 killed more than 79,000 people
  • Cyclone Nargis in 2008, killed about 140,000 people in Burma
  • Chilean earthquake in February 2010 killed almost 500 people
  • Haiti earthquake in January 2010 killed more than 200,000 people
  • Earthquake in Qinghai province, China, in April 2010 killed more than 2,000 people

During his visit, Mr Ban held talks with Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gilani and President Zardari, whose handling of the crisis has been widely criticised.

In his first public comments since returning from a much criticised visit to Europe, Mr Zardari defended the official response.

"The government has responded very responsibly," he said, adding that the army, the police and officials were all working to relieve the suffering.

"I would appeal to the press to understand the magnitude of the disaster."

Mr Zardari described the floods as "our time of endurance, our time of need".

"It is a time when the nation will stand together," he said.

"I call upon the whole of the nation, all of Pakistan, indeed I call upon the world to support us and to listen to the voice of the United Nations to support Pakistan."

Map of Pakistan's flood-hit areas and flow of flood water

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