On the front line with Kurdish forces attempting to retake Sinjar
12 November 2015 Last updated at 07:50 GMT
Kurdish forces in northern Iraq have launched an offensive to recapture the town of Sinjar.
A strategic town near the Syrian border, Islamic State militants seized Sinjar in August 2014.
The Kurdish campaign is being supported by air strikes by the US-led coalition.
The BBC's Jim Muir is on the front line with the Kurdish forces.