Obama: Air strikes on Iraq dam 'to protect US interests'

Smoke rises in distance after a US air strike near Mosul dam on 17 August 2014 Aftermath of a US air strike on Mosul dam, which was seized by Islamic State militants earlier this month

US air strikes in support of Iraqi forces' efforts to retake the country's largest dam are aimed at protecting US interests there, President Obama says.

The failure of Mosul dam may put US staff and facilities, including the US embassy in Baghdad, at risk, Barack Obama warned Congress in a letter.

It comes after the US sent bombers for the first time to help Kurdish forces expel Islamic State (IS) militants.

Kurdish officials now say they have near complete control of the dam.

If the recapture is confirmed, it will be the biggest reverse for IS since they launched their offensive in Iraq in June.

The strategically important facility, seized by IS militants on 7 August, supplies water and electricity to northern Iraq

Critical services

President Obama notified Congress that the widened mission in Iraq would be limited in scope and duration, the White House said in a statement on Sunday.

Mosul dam is strategically important

In addition to citing concerns over US facilities in Iraq, he said the failure of the dam could "prevent the Iraqi government from providing critical services to the Iraqi populace".

It comes amid fears that IS, formerly known as Isis, could have used it to flood areas downstream.

The US military said it had conducted 14 strikes on Sunday, damaging 19 vehicles belonging to IS militants as well as a checkpoint near the dam.

Kurdish Peshmerga forces were still trying to clear mines and booby traps from the area round the dam on Sunday, a process which could take several hours, Kurdish officials said.

They said US special forces had been on the ground to help co-ordinate the air strikes.

A Kurdish peshmerga fighter patrols near the Mosul Dam at the town of Chamibarakat outside Mosul, Iraq, on 17 August 2014. Iraqi and Kurdish officials were worried IS militants planned to destroy the dam
An Iraqi Kurd inspects an M16 rifle at an arms market in Arbil, the capital of the autonomous Kurdish region of northern Iraq on 17 August 2014. US air strikes have allowed Kurdish forces to retake much of the area around Mosul dam
This Oct. 31, 2007 file photo, shows a general view of the dam in Mosul, 360 kilometres (225 miles) northwest of Baghdad, Iraq The dam is Iraq's largest and main source of water and electricity for the north

IS militants in the Syrian province of Raqqa were also targeted in Syrian military air strikes on Sunday, the UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights activist group said

IS has seized a swathe of territory in recent months in Iraq and Syria, with thousands of Christians and Yazidis fleeing in the face of its advance.

Hoshyar Zebari, a Kurd who is Iraq's outgoing foreign minister, told the BBC that Peshmerga troops had encountered "fierce resistance" in the battle for the dam.

He said the next objective was to clear IS fighters from the Nineveh plain "to ensure the return of minorities".

A displaced Iraqi family from the Yazidi community eat under a bridge where they found refuge after Islamic State (IS) militants attacked the town of Sinjar on 17 August 2014 Members of the displaced Yazidi community seek shelter under a bridge in Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region

Western states have continued to air lift humanitarian aid to refugees, many of whom have found shelter in the Kurdish region.

IS militants have been accused of massacring hundreds of people in areas under their control in northern Iraq and eastern Syria.

At least 80 men from the Yazidi religious minority are believed to have been killed, and women and children abducted, in a village in Iraq on Friday.

IS is also accused of killing 700 tribesmen opposing them in Syria's Deir Ezzor province, over a two-week period.

The violence has displaced an estimated 1.2 million people in Iraq alone.

Pursuing an extreme form of Sunni Islam, IS has persecuted non-Muslims such as Yazidis and Christians, as well as Shia Muslims, whom it regards as heretics.

Iraq's new Prime Minister, Haider al-Abadi, who is from the Shia majority, is grappling with the challenge of uniting the country against IS and winning back the trust of alienated Sunni Iraqis.

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