Gaza Strip's troubled history - in 80 seconds
31 July 2014 Last updated at 15:15 BST
Israel has said it will not stop its offensive in Gaza until the tunnels constructed by Hamas have been destroyed.
It began Operation Protective Edge on 8 July and since then more than 1,400 people have died.
Here's a brief history of the troubled coastal strip - in 80 seconds.
Video produced by Michael Hirst