Syria: Assad forces 'using starvation as weapon of war'

A vast crowd of people queue for aid at the Yarmouk refugee camp near Damascus A vast crowd of people queue for aid at the Yarmouk refugee camp near Damascus

Starvation tactics against civilians are being used as a weapon of war by the Syrian government, the human rights group Amnesty International says.

A new report says at least 128 refugees have died at the besieged Yarmouk camp in Damascus as a result.

It says thousands of people still trapped there face a "catastrophic humanitarian crisis".

Amnesty says families have been forced to forage for food in the streets - risking being killed by snipers.

There were reports of fresh fighting on the edge of the camp last week.

Rami Ruhayem says delivering food to those who need it is a struggle

Yarmouk camp, which is estimated to house around 17,000-20,000 Palestinian and Syrian refugees, has seen some of the worst fighting in the capital.

It has been without electricity since April 2013 and most of the hospitals have closed after running out of even the most basic medical supplies.

"Syrian forces are committing war crimes by using starvation of civilians as a weapon of war," says Philip Luther, Amnesty's Middle East director.

"The harrowing accounts of families having to resort to eating cats and dogs, and civilians attacked by snipers as they forage for food, have become all too familiar details of the horror story that has materialised in Yarmouk."

Malnourished

Mr Luther described the siege as "collective punishment" of the civilian population and called on the Syrian government to allow humanitarian agencies immediate access to the camp.

Residents told Amnesty that they have not eaten fruit or vegetables for months and at least 60% of people in Yarmouk are said to be suffering from malnutrition.

The camp was created as a refuge for Palestinians fleeing the 1948 Arab-Israeli war but it became a focus of heavy fighting in Damascus in late 2012 when opposition fighters moved in.

The majority of the 180,000 Palestinians at Yarmouk fled what had been their biggest community in Syria but around 20,000 have been trapped inside since government forces cut it off in July last year.

Last month the UN Security Council agreed a resolution calling for all parties involved in the conflict to immediately lift sieges, but this has so far failed to lead to an improvement in the situation of besieged civilians.

The UN made some aid deliveries but these were halted when a truce between rebels and pro-government Palestinian militants in the camp broke down.

Map showing locations of Yarmouk and Palestine refugee camps in Damascus

More on This Story

Syria's war War in Syria

More Middle East stories

RSS

Features

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.