Israel ex-PM Ariel Sharon 'deteriorates further'

Zeev Rotstein, Sheba Medical Centre: "We see a slight deterioration in his condition"

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The condition of Israeli ex-PM Ariel Sharon - who has been in a coma since 2006 - is showing "a slow and gradual deterioration", doctors say.

In the latest update, they said his life remained in danger, though he was not in pain and was fighting.

Mr Sharon, 85, is suffering from a malfunction of several organs including the kidneys.

He became PM in 2001 and suffered a mild stroke in 2005. He went into a coma after a bigger stroke in 2006.

Analysis

Being in a coma or a persistent vegetative state does not automatically make someone "critically ill".

Severe damage to the brain destroys consciousness and awareness but the rest of the body - the heart, liver, kidneys etc - keeps ticking over.

With the correct care, such as a feeding tube and moving people regularly to prevent pressure ulcers, patients can be kept in this stable state for years. But the body degrades with time. Muscle wastes away and there is the risk of infection including pneumonia.

He has been in a persistent vegetative state since.

On Thursday it was confirmed that he was in a critical condition.

Professor Zeev Rotstein, of the Sheba Medical Centre near Tel Aviv, said on Friday: "Tests show a slow, gradual deterioration in the functioning of his vital organs... His state has not changed. He's still in critical condition, and his life is in danger."

Mr Sharon's family remains at his bedside.

US Secretary of State John Kerry said on Thursday that the thoughts of the American people were with Mr Sharon's family.

"We remember his contributions, the sacrifices he made to ensure the survival and the wellbeing of Israel," he said.

'Security and peace'

Having fought in four Israeli wars since the state's founding in 1948, Mr Sharon is admired by many Israelis as a great military leader, but is reviled by Palestinians.

Ariel Sharon in 2004 Mr Sharon fought in four Israeli wars since the state's founding in 1948

In both the 1967 and 1973 wars, Mr Sharon led divisions that played a key role in Israeli successes.

While serving as defence minister in 1982, he masterminded Israel's invasion of Lebanon to push back fighters of the Palestine Liberation Organisation which was based there.

Political Career

  • 1973: Elected Knesset member for Likud
  • 1975-77: Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin's special security adviser
  • 1977-81: Minister of Agriculture
  • 1981-83: Minister of Defence
  • 1984-90: Minister of Trade and Industry
  • 1990-92: Minister of Construction and Housing
  • 1996-98: Minister of National Infrastructure
  • 1998-99: Foreign Minister
  • 2001-2006: Prime Minister
  • 2005: Left Likud to found Kadima

During the invasion, Lebanese Christian militiamen allied to Israel massacred hundreds of Palestinians in two Beirut refugee camps under Israeli control.

The following year an Israeli commission of inquiry ruled that he had carried personal responsibility for allowing the massacres to take place.

He was nevertheless elected prime minister 18 years later, pledging to achieve "security and true peace", and served until his second stroke.

Mr Sharon was a keen promoter of the construction of Jewish settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories. He also initiated the construction of the controversial West Bank barrier following a wave of deadly attacks by Palestinian militants who were able to get into Israel.

But in 2005, despite fierce opposition in Israel, he ordered the unilateral withdrawal of Israeli troops and settlers from the Gaza Strip.

In that year, he left his Likud Party to establish the centrist Kadima Party and appeared headed for re-election when he suffered the major stroke in 2006.

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