As it happened: Iran nuclear deal

Key Points

  • Iran reaches a deal on its nuclear programme with six world powers after talks in Geneva
  • Tehran will suspend enriching uranium beyond levels needed for use in power stations
  • In return, international sanctions worth about $7bn will be relaxed
  • Both Iranian and US presidents have welcomed the deal
  • Reaction has come in from other world leaders and members of the public
  • All times in GMT
  1.  

    0737: Welcome to our live coverage of the historic deal reached between Iran and six world powers over its nuclear programme. Stay with us for all the reaction and analysis.

     
  2.  
    0744:

    For those of you just logging on, the deal was announced in the early hours of Sunday. Like many important statements, it appeared first on Twitter. This time on the feed of Michael Mann, spokesman for EU foreign-policy chief Baroness Catherine Ashton.

     
  3.  
    0745: Jeremy Bowen, BBC Middle East Editor

    tweets: Kerry & Zarif both playing the political game, claiming they're getting what they want. Both playing to sceptics back home. #Genevatalks

     
  4.  
    0748:

    You can get up-to-speed with what's been happening overnight with our news story, which will continue to be updated throughout the day.

     
  5.  
    0751:

    It was all hugs and smiles earlier in Geneva, when the deal was finally made...

    Foreign ministers hugging in Geneva, 24/11
     
  6.  
    0753: William Hague, British Foreign Secretary

    tweets: This agreement shows it is possible to work with #Iran, and through diplomacy address intractable problems #IranTalks

    He continues: Negotiations were painstaking. Tomorrow hard work begins of implementing and building on the agreement #IranTalks

     
  7.  
    0758:

    The elation in Geneva wasn't suprising when you consider that it's taken a decade to get to this point. For a reminder of what the crisis is all about, have a look at our Q&A.

     
  8.  
    0759:

    One of the cornerstones of the deal was secret talks between the US and Iran over the past year, according to unnamed officials initially quoted by the AP news agency.

     
  9.  
    0801:

    The secret talks, authorised by President Obama, took place in Oman and other locations, with four meetings occurring since the election of new Iran President Hassan Rouhani in August.

     
  10.  
    0804: Hassan Rouhani, President of Iran

    tweets: Iranian people's vote for #moderation & constructive engagement + tireless efforts by negotiating teams are to open new horizons. #IranTalks

     
  11.  
    0809:

    The US state department has given us the most clear list yet of what the deal includes.

     
  12.  
    0810:

    The key points of the deal revolve around the uranium enrichment programme. Iran has agreed to halt all enrichment above 5%. Above this point, uranium can be used for research. Above 20%, and the uranium has the potential to be enriched further for use in weapons.

     
  13.  
    0813: Kim Ghattas, BBC State Department correspondent

    tweets: Agreement with Iran in Geneva has potential of changing US-Iran relationship, but beyond nuclear programme, much to be addressed

     
  14.  
    0814:

    A statement reacting to the deal issued by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's office said: "This is a bad agreement that gives Iran what it wanted - the partial lifting of sanctions while maintaining an essential part of its nuclear programme."

     
  15.  
    0815:

    The Israeli statement added: "Economic pressure on Iran could have produced a much better agreement that would have led to a dismantling of Iran's nuclear capacities."

     
  16.  
    0816: The US State Department

    tweets images from Secretary of State John Kerry's discussions: These photos take you behind the scenes at the #IranTalks in Geneva: http://flic.kr/s/aHsjMV29QC

     
  17.  
    0818:

    Iranian President Hassan Rouhani is speaking live on Press TV at the moment.

     
  18.  
    0819:

    The Iranian leader is repeating the line he has taken consistently: Iran has never sought nuclear weapons, and never will seek nuclear weapons.

     
  19.  
    0821: David Kenner, Middle East editor, Foreign Policy magazine

    tweets: If I was Netanyahu today, I'd be looking for any way to highlight US-Iranian divisions. And that means I'd be looking at Syria and Lebanon.

     
  20.  
    0821:

    Mr Rouhani says the deal made in Geneva has "recognised Iran's nuclear rights".

     
  21.  
    0824:

    President Obama also issued a statement after the successful conclusion of the deal saying: "We have pursued intensive diplomacy - and today that diplomacy opened up a new path towards a world that is more secure, a future in which we can verify that Iran's nuclear programme is peaceful and that it cannot build a nuclear weapon."

     
  22.  
    0825:

    President Obama's statement continued: "For the first time in nearly a decade, we have halted the progress of the Iranian nuclear programme and key parts of the programme will be rolled back."

     
  23.  
    0826:

    More from President Obama's statement: "If Iran does not fully meet its commitments during this six-month phase, we will turn off the relief and ratchet up the pressure."

     
  24.  
    0830: Arsen Ostrovsky, Israel-based human rights lawyer

    tweets: #Iran deal in less than 140 characters: It got what it wanted - massive sanction relief, while maintaining nuclear program. #Obama #Israel

     
  25.  
    0834:

    So what are the sanctions on Iran? There are plenty of them, from the UN, the EU and a host of individual countries. They have crippled Iran's economy. Have a look at our backgrounder for a comprehensive list.

     
  26.  
    0835: Mohsen Ashrafi, originally from Tehran, now in the UK

    writes on the BBC World News Facebook page: As an Iranian, me and 99% of all Iranians who I know believe we do not need this right [to enrich uranium].

     
  27.  
    0841:

    Iran's foreign minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, who negotiated the deal, has given his verdict on the deal: "This is only a first step. We need to start moving in the direction of restoring confidence, a direction in which we have managed to move against in the past."

     
  28.  
    0841:

    Try to imagine this happening a year ago. The Iranian foreign minister laughing and joking with the EU's foreign policy chief.

    European Union foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton (L) smiles next to Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif
     
  29.  
    0845: Mark Kirk, US Senator from Illinois

    tweets: Deal appears to give #Iran billions in exchange for cosmetic concessions that don't fully freeze or significantly roll back nuclear program.

     
  30.  
    0847: Susan Rice, White House national security advisor

    tweets: Pleased with this promising first step. Only made possible by our strong and principled diplomacy.

    She continues: Region, indeed whole world safer if we can fully resolve this diplomatically, and we will keep pursuing that result over next 6 months

     
  31.  
    0847:

    More reaction - this time from the US Congress. House Majority Leader Eric Cantor said he "remains concerned that this deal does not adequately halt Iran's enrichment capabilities", and likewise House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce said he had "serious concerns that this agreement does not meet the standards necessary to protect the United States and our allies".

     
  32.  
    0850:

    More scepticism from US Congress members. House Armed Services Committee Chairman Howard 'Buck' McKeown says Iran "hasn't given the world reason to be anything but deeply sceptical of any agreement that leaves their capacity to build nuclear weapons intact".

     
  33.  
    0854:

    As an antidote to the broadly negative response from US congressmen, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov sums up the mood in Geneva: "Nobody lost, everyone ends up winning."

     
  34.  
    0902:

    There are a lot of pictures of a happy John Kerry chatting to Sergei Lavrov, Laurent Fabius and others on the state department's Flickr feed, but none showing any warmth between Iranian and US officials. Thankfully, Reuters caught this image, for those who like momentous meetings caught on camera:

    Secretary of State John Kerry (R) shakes hands with Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif at the United Nations Palais in Geneva November 24
     
  35.  
    0906:

    Ayatollah Ali Khamenei allowed Mr Rouhani to control the negotiations. It appears Iran's supreme leader is happy with the outcome: "This can be the basis for further intelligent actions. Without a doubt the grace of God and the prayers of the Iranian nation were a factor in this success,"

     
  36.  
    0909: Ofir Gendelman, a spokesman for Israel's Prime Minister

    tweets: PM Netanyahu: What was achieved yesterday in Geneva is not a historic agreement but rather a historic mistake.

     
  37.  
    0912:

    More unhappiness in Israel about the deal. Economics minister Naftali Bennett tells Army Radio: "Israel does not see itself as bound by this very bad agreement."

     
  38.  
    0916: Bahman Kalbasi, BBC Persian reporter

    tweets a photo: Pres. Rouhani pulling a WH style photo op with families of assassinated nuclear scientists. #Iran

     
  39.  
    0922: Andrew North, BBC South Asia correspondent

    tweets from Delhi: Cautious relief for India over Geneva deal as @AkbarMEA [Indian government spokesman] welcomes 'prospect of resolving Qs over Iran's nuclear programme'

    He adds: India has been on diplomatic tightrope over Iran, now will import more Iran oil again

     
  40.  
    0925: Ali Nazifpour in Tehran

    tweets: Iranians are giving out candies in their workplaces to celebrate reaching an agreement on #IranTalks.

     
  41.  
    0927: James Reynolds BBC Iran correspondent

    "If there is to be a lasting nuclear agreement, it may spring from a reconciliation between these two countries (Iran and the US)." More from James in our news story.

     
  42.  
    0934: Mohamed ElBaradei, former head of the International Atomic Energy Agency

    tweets: After decade of failed policies, world better off with Iran deal. Equity, trust building, respect & dialogue are key to any conflict resolution.

     
  43.  
    0941:

    Iran's Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Marziyeh Afkham has says that Iran wants a "win-win agreement" and that the current deal is a "first step" in a long path, according to the Tasnim news agency.

     
  44.  
    0944:

    Iran's nuclear-armed neighbour, Pakistan, has welcomed the deal. The foreign ministry describes Iran as a "brotherly" neighbour and said the deal was "an important development, which should augur well for peace and security in our region and the world at large".

     
  45.  
    0946:

    Viewers of BBC Persian have been reacting to the news.

    Venus A Irani tweets: "We are so happy and we thank President Rouhani and FM Zarif for finally coming to an agreement with the world after 30 years."

    Shoeibi Saeed tweets: "Iranian people coped with the sanctions and made the world powers to give up and make a deal. The real winner is the people of Iran!"

     
  46.  
    0950:

    For you history buffs out there, have a look at our backgrounder on Iran-US relations. It's only 11 years since George W Bush lumped Iran in with North Korea and Iraq as part of an "axis of evil", and three years since Mahmoud Ahmadinejad hinted that the US government might have played a role in the September 11 attacks.

     
  47.  
    0956:

    Let's wrap up some of the reaction from those involved in the negotiations. We've had plenty from the US, Russia and Iran. How about France? They were playing hardball at the beginning of the talks, seeming to take a tougher stance than their allies. Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius has given the deal his seal of approval, saying it "confirms Iran's right to civilian nuclear energy but rules out access to the nuclear weapon".

     
  48.  
    0958:

    British Foreign Secretary William Hague, who said on Saturday that a deal would only be signed if it was "thorough and detailed", was generous in his praise for the accord thrashed out in Geneva, saying it was "good for the whole world".

     
  49.  
    1002: Holly Dagres, an Iranian-American Middle East analyst

    tweets: If you read text of #IranDeal, much is pertaining the humanitarian aspect of sanctions -- So called 'targeted' sanctions hurt the people #PT

    She continues: Allowance of "direct tuition payments to universities and colleges for Iranian students studying abroad" -- this stuff matters in #IranDeal

     
  50.  
    1003:

    Iran's currency, the rial, has so far gained 2% against the dollar in Tehran's on the back of the news of the Geneva nuclear deal, traders tell BBC Persian.

     
  51.  
    1005:

    Continuing the largely ebullient wrap of reaction from Geneva, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi says the agreement will "help to uphold the international nuclear non-proliferation system" as well as safeguarding peace and stability in the Middle East. Germany's Guido Westerwelle says it is a "turning point".

     
  52.  
    1013:

    It's worth pointing out that opinion is still divided over the effect of sanctions. Several American politicians have said sanctions pushed Iran to the negotiating table. But some experts disagree. A piece in the Christian Science Monitor argues that internal politics is the much bigger factor. Our diplomatic correspondent dealt with the issue in 2010.

     
  53.  
    1014:

    More reaction - this time from the Syrian government, which says the agreement is "historic". Iran is one of the Syrian regime's few allies.

     
  54.  
    1019: Jim Sciutto, CNN correspondent

    tweets: The morning after Iran deal, Christmas music playing in Geneva hotel. Early Christmas for @JohnKerry, Zarif et al?

     
  55.  
    1021:

    There has been a mixed reaction to the news of the agreement on the BBC Persian Facebook page.

    Maral says: "Thank you Mr Zarif, the ambassador of peace for Iran. Your name will be eternalised in the history of Iran."

    Rezgar comments: "Don't be so happy. This is not a victory. From today, the international community, specially west, will back up the Iranian government, against the people of Iran. They will keep quiet about any oppression against the people of Iran which is not to the benefit of the people."

     
  56.  
    1026:

    Diplomatic breakthroughs are notoriously difficult stories for picture editors. AFP news agency has taken to photographing an assortment of smartly dressed people in Tehran. This one has the caption: "An Iranian couple crosses a street in the capital Tehran on November 24, 2013, a day after a deal was reached on the country's nuclear programme."

    An Iranian couple crosses a street in the capital Tehran on November 24
     
  57.  
    1027:

    US Secretary of State John Kerry has tried to reassure Israel over the agreement with Iran. The Israelis have expressed their unhappiness but Mr Kerry said: "There is no difference whatsoever between the United States and Israel about what the end goal is."

     
  58.  
    1028: Hassan Rouhani, President of Iran

    tweets: Tomorrow is 100th day since cabinet was formed & government has been in office. Glad to have reached agreement before 100th day.

     
  59.  
    1036: David Frum, Canadian-American journalist

    tweets about the rise in the Iranian currency: If Iran regime walks out of talks, currency resumes its slide - risky for regime. They need this deal. Negotiate accordingly.

     
  60.  
    1039: Bahman Kalbasi, BBC Persian reporter

    tweets: Does removing sanctions on parts for commercial planes open the door for Iran's crumbling fleet to buy new aircrafts?

     
  61.  
    1043: Ali Hashem, Tehran bureau chief for AlMayadeen News

    tweets: A friend joking, "Iranians will start eating hot dogs and Americans will learn to cook ghormeh sabzi"

     
  62.  
    1046:

    There has been no official reaction to the deal from Saudi Arabia, though on Saturday the UK ambassador was quoted saying: "Appeasement hasn't worked in the past, and I don't think it will work in the 21st Century."

     
  63.  
    1048: Yosef in Israel

    emails: The world has lost its reasoning! Iran has repeatedly declared America and the West by extension as the Great Satan and Israel as the Little Satan. By allowing Iran to move ahead with its nuclear programme, government leaders are sending a grave message: "We have thrown you under the bus and we do not care".

     
  64.  
    1050:

    Continuing the Saudi theme (see 1046), Abdullah al-Askar, chairman of the Shura Council, a government advisory body, gave a personal response to the deal: "I am afraid Iran will give up something on its nuclear programme to get something else from the big powers in terms of regional politics, and I'm worrying about giving Iran more space or a freer hand in the region."

     
  65.  
    1055: Amir Paiver, BBC Persian TV business correspondent

    tweets: Tehran Stock Exchange index up 1.5% with shares that had sanctions-relief, like petrochemicals and automakers gaining most.

     
  66.  
    1058:

    We shouldn't flog a cliche too hard, but these talks really have been "historic". They're the first face-to-face substantive talks at this level between the US and Iran since the 1979 revolution. The deal is the first compromise by Iran on its nuclear programme for a decade. And after the rancorous debates over Syria, it's a powerful reminder that the world's most powerful nations can sometimes agree.

     
  67.  
    1102:

    In slight contrast to the hullabaloo among diplomats in Geneva, Iran's nuclear chief Ali Akbar Salehi points out that the deal "stops none of our country's nuclear activities". Mr Salehi says the Arak site will continue to function, and enrichment activity up to 5% will continue, in quotes carried by the Iranian conservative Tasnim news agency.

     
  68.  
    1107:

    A map of Iran's nuclear sites:

    Map of Iran's nuclear sites
     
  69.  
    1110: rchrenko

    comments: The greatest victory here is that Obama has finally succeeded in breaking the Israeli veto on US foreign policy. The US has vastly more to gain from good relations with Iran than with Israel. Just as Nixon's rapprochement with China ushered in mutual prosperity, an Iran-US deal will do the same.

     
  70.  
    1115:

    One of the key sticking points to obtaining an agreement has been around the enriching of uranium. But what exactly does that mean? The World Nuclear Association has a useful guide on its website.

     
  71.  
    1117: Mahtab Alikhani

    tweets from Tehran: @BBC_HaveYourSay the agreement isn't good for Iran at all. I don't understand why Iranian are happy!

     
  72.  
    1120: Ali Mostofi of the Iran News Blog

    writes: The only people who have won are the US Democrats and the likes of William Hague. It is good political capital for them. Meanwhile the humanitarian disaster continues in Iran. Expect the Shia regime to flip-flop over its obligations.

     
  73.  
    1122:

    Benjamin Netanyahu is speaking live. He says the deal to allow Iran to continue enrichment of uranium is in "direct contravention of UN security council resolutions".

     
  74.  
    1123:

    Mr Netanyahu says he has a "solemn responsibility to protect and defend the one and only Jewish state".

     
  75.  
    1127:

    Iran's opponents have said the aim of its nuclear programme is to build a nuclear weapon, a claim which the Islamic Republic denies. The Federation of American Scientists has published the status of world nuclear forces, revealing that around 4,300 warheads are considered operational, with nine countries said to hold the weapons as part of their military arsenals.

     
  76.  
    1129:
    James Reynolds

    The news of the agreement broke in the middle of the night - you can watch how the news was broken on the BBC News Channel by Iran correspondent James Reynolds.

     
  77.  
    1134:

    We've updated our Q&A on the nuclear issue to reflect all the latest developments.

     
  78.  
    1137: barfbaby

    comments: Great. Just as sanctions were starting to work, we buckle at the knees. The Iranians are past masters at 'playing' the West. President Rouhani has been Ayatollah Khamenei's right hand man for many years. They'll be chuckling all the way to the uranium enrichment plant.

     
  79.  
    1140: Peter Tatchell, human rights campaigner,

    tweets: The West only cares about Iran's nuclear programme. It ignores the execution of political prisoners by Rouhani regime

     
  80.  
    1142:

    A reminder that EU foreign policy chief Baroness Catherine Ashton said earlier that the deal was a "first step" towards a comprehensive solution.

    EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton and Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif
     
  81.  
    1146:

    BBC Middle East editor Jeremy Bowen says at the start of the year war between the old enemies seemed a more likely scenario than handshakes, but Iran's new government and a new attitude in America and the West has made this agreement possible.

     
  82.  
    1148: John Michael in Sydney, Australia

    emails: Iran cannot be trusted. Through this deal, the United States has well and truly betrayed Israel, especially when you consider Iran has threatened Israel in the past.

     
  83.  
    1152:

    BBC world affairs correspondent Mike Wooldridge says Mr Netanyahu's comments (1122, 1123) emphasise the difficulties in establishing trust among nations in the region.

     
  84.  
    1154:

    President Obama explained in a news conference earlier that the bulk of international and US sanctions would remain during the six-month interim deal but said Iran would receive sanctions relief of between $6bn (£3.6bn) and $7bn (£4.3bn).

    President Barack Obama
     
  85.  
    1205: Hassan Rouhani, President of Iran

    tweets: Honoured to have met families of martyred nuclear scientists. It would have been impossible without their sacrifice pic.twitter.com/t840hk6GLW

     
  86.  
    1206: Damon Wilson, American foreign policy advisor

    tweets: To make this Iran deal work, which is huge, US needs to pair it with initiatives to reassure Gulf, Israel, Turkey of our enduring presence.

     
  87.  
    1208:

    Israeli government spokesman Mark Regev tells the BBC that Iran has given "meaningless concessions" in return for significant sanctions relief.

     
  88.  
    1212:

    The BBC's Mohsen Asgari in Tehran says the fact that both the ayatollah and the president have given their approval to the deal will prevent any overt critical reaction, but some MPs are angry because they have not yet seen any details.

     
  89.  
    1218: Thomas Erdbrink, Tehran bureau chief for the New York Times

    tweets: Everywhere I go in Tehran people asking me for details on the nuclear deal, many are happy, some sceptical, but all agree this is new phase.

    He continues: Giti, a teacher, told me she expected the prices of cars to come down and she would finally be able to buy a car.

     
  90.  
    1221:

    EU foreign policy chief Baroness Catherine Ashton is winning plaudits for her role facilitating the nuclear deal. Her boss, Jose Manuel Barroso, says the agreement is "a result of her tireless engagement and dedication to the issue over the last four years".

     
  91.  
    1229:

    More on the Associated Press story we mentioned at 0759. Iranian and American officials had met in secret in locations including Oman over the past year, with the talks being kept from everyone including Israel until two months ago. Unnamed officials told AP they were "convinced that the outreach had the blessing of Ayatollah Khamenei".

     
  92.  
    1236:

    The AP story (see previous) throws some light on Iran's complex political system, where elected politicians jockey for position with unelected leaders. You can find more details on the set-up in our guide. to the way Iran is run.

     
  93.  
    1242:

    The BBC's Yolande Knell in Jerusalem says Israel is furious at the Geneva agreement. It feels isolated and badly let down by its closest friend, the US. Months of diplomatic efforts by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu warning of the dangers of a deal with Iran have been in vain. He sees Hassan Rouhani as a "wolf in sheep's clothing".

     
  94.  
    1254:

    Further praise for Lady Ashton, this time from US Secretary of State John Kerry, who said: "I'm grateful for her stewardship of the talks."

    Secretary of State John Kerry, right, and EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton
     
  95.  
    1305:

    "I am convinced that, after 35 years of animosity and distrust, there is an historic opportunity to rebuild relations," says former US President Jimmy Carter, now part of the elders group of former leaders. Mr Carter was president during the Iran hostage crisis, which some have blamed for his defeat in the 1980 election by Ronald Reagan.

     
  96.  
    1312:

    To recap on the day's events so far: A deal between Iran and the so-called P5+1 was announced at 03:00 GMT. The US state department said on its website Iran would stop enriching uranium beyond 5% in return for sanctions relief worth about $7bn. Many world leaders have praised the deal. Israel has condemned it. Our news story wraps up the main details.

     
  97.  
    1317:

    British Foreign Secretary William Hague tells the BBC that the tone of meetings with Iranian ministers is very different from the past, since the arrival of President Rouhani. He describes his Iranian counterpart as a "tough negotiator".

     
  98.  
    1318:

    Mr Hague said the agreement reached with Iran should "give us faith in the power of diplomacy and pressure to resolve some even very intractable problems".

     
  99.  
    1321:

    More reaction from the audience of BBC Persian to the news of the agreement.

    On the website, Saleh says: "What Ahmadinejad couldn't do in 8 years, Rouhani's team did in 3 months. We should really thank Zarif and his team."

    A viewer from Iran comments: "I don't care for the conditions of the agreement. Whatever it is, I don't care. I am just happy for my people, for us that are in Iran. I am happy that people are feeling good and are happy. I don't care about those about those who suck the blood of people of Iran with the sanctions. What matters is people's peace."

     
  100.  
    1324:

    On the BBC Persian Facebook page, there has been some mixed reaction to the news.

    Hamed says: "It doesn't matter that we can't have 20% enrichment and we just can have 5%. What matters is that sanctions would be lifted and people of Iran breathe a bit."

    Jafar comments: "I don't know why you are happy. Why are you saying this deal is not bad for a beginning? After all this pressure on people because of sanctions, what have we gained? Nothing. Should we be happy that we have accepted 22 conditions in return of selling our oil?"

     
  101.  
    1328:

    Cast your minds back to 2010, when Iran was firmly out in the cold. The US was extremely concerned at the level of nuclear technology sharing between Iran and North Korea, often characterised as the most friendless regime on Earth. The North Koreans had certainly sold Iran missile technology. What a difference a few years makes.

     
  102.  
    1329: Abdi

    comments on the BBC News website: Well I stayed up awfully late last night to hear the news and comments in their entirety. A good first step as everyone is saying, obviously no one got everything they wanted out of the deal but such is the art of compromise. I thought Kerry's speech at the end was very good addressing all the key points and speaking to those people who would criticise the deal...

     
  103.  
    1334: Michael Hanna of The Century Foundation, New York

    tweets: UAE publicly supports the interim deal w/Iran, Saudi silent, and Israel the lone public critic with its vocal denunciation of the agreement.

    He adds: While I don't think unilateral Israeli strike on Iran a real possibility, such an eventuality is impossible in this interim phase.

     
  104.  
    1335:

    More from BBC Persian on Facebook.

    Amin says: "First of all a big thank you to FM Zarif. The mere fact that Iran could finally succeed to bring the world powers that have veto power into an agreement with Iran is really important and pleasing. Iran's nuclear right is almost recognized although it had a big price for us. It doesn't matter now what Israel, Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf countries think."

    Ansari comments: "Dr Zarif, you screwed it up. You minimised the enrichment from 20% to 5%. You accepted to stop Arak and Fordo centres' activities. You just gained minor privileges."

     
  105.  
    1338: Jonathan Marcus BBC diplomatic correspondent

    writes: The deal agreed between world powers and Iran over its nuclear programme will have limited practical effect, but its importance lies in clearing the path to further substantive talks.

     
  106.  
    1339:

    Russian President Vladimir Putin is the latest world leader to give his reaction to the news. AFP reports that in a Kremlin statement, Putin said: "A breakthrough step has been made, but only the first on a long and difficult path. As the result of talks... we managed to get closer to untying one of the most difficult knots in world politics."

     
  107.  
    1341:

    Tweets to @bbcpersian

    Hamed Mirzaei tweets: This deal was more to the benefit of America than Iran. But eventually one side had to compromise. I say thank you to our team of negotiators anyway.

    Danial Kavae tweets: This was the best agreement in the past 10 years in my opinion and is 100% to the benefit of the people of Iran.

    Azadeh tweets: I think Iran has compromised a lot, but we are grateful, very happy, and we are proud of our negotiation team.

     
  108.  
    1344:

    The BBC's producer in Tehran has been speaking to Iranians to find out their reaction to the deal.

    Mohamad, a 54-year-old researcher, said: "I am happy for our children, for the next generation. I congratulate Mr Zarif and Mr Rouhani who started solving a torturous problem in less than a hundred days. From now on I am sure they can cope with our economic problems, too. That's why I am happy for my children who can live in a better atmosphere."

    Gelareh, a 32-year-old housewife, said: "The world should understand we hate war, and we have never started a war with any country. Why should we be punished for undone sins? They have nuclear weapons; they dropped nuclear bombs on other countries and punish Iran, poor Iran!"

     
  109.  
    1346:

    Another couple of posts from the BBC Persian Facebook page.

    Sobhan comments: "We didn't lose everything in 10 years to reach such agreement. This agreement was on the table 10 years ago too. This agreement is worth nothing. We have suspended everything for nothing. They are not lifting the major sanctions, they just give us a little bit of our blocked money. Who is going to give back my youth?"

    Mohammad says: "It is interesting that those who are not happy with the deal and talk about the weakness of Iran's negotiation team do not see the situation we are in in Iran. Where do you guys live? Don't you see Iran is broke? They don't have money to pay the employees wages. If Ahmadinejad had compromised a little bit, Rouhani's government didn't have to compromise like this. The Supreme leader has thanked the negotiators, so please hushhhh!"

     
  110.  
    1351: Bill in Jerusalem

    emails: I'm a British student from London studying in Jerusalem at the moment, and I feel really insecure. The general feeling here is that the US has sacrificed Israel's security in order to avoid a potential conflict. There has never been any doubt that Iran's aim is to produce nuclear weapons, and their very agreement to a deal is proof that this is mere face-saving for Obama.

     
  111.  
    1355:

    Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has been giving a press conference expressing his views on the Iran agreement. He said: "Last night is not a historic agreement, it is a historic mistake." Watch some of his press conference here.

    Benjamin Netanyahu
     
  112.  
    1359: Alistair Burnett, editor of The World Tonight on BBC Radio 4

    tweets: In aftermath of #Iran deal wouldn't prudent course be for neither side to claim the other made the most concessions given oppo still there

     
  113.  
    1400:

    More reaction from Iranians in Tehran:

    Rasoul, a 28-year-old student, says: "It is interesting that Iran has not compromised its principles. The difference is that the new men are able to talk in a language that the West can understand. We are not belligerent people, we do not want nuclear bombs, and we do not need it. I congratulate Mr Zarif, who proves he knows what to do."

    Abdolreza, a 46-year-old shopkeeper, says: "I am not a devotee of the system, sometimes I am against their policies, but to be honest, as far as I understand, they are bullying Iran. Why should we not have nuclear technology, why they do have it? Thank you Rouhani!"

    Ali, 21, says: "Good cheaters, they have cheated the whole world. I like them. They are the best poker players I have ever seen."

     
  114.  
    1404: Paul Danahar, BBC Washington bureau chief

    tweets: Netanyahu has defined himself politically in Israel as the man who could keep #Iran weak & isolated. This deal has sharply undermined that.

     
  115.  
    1408:
    Vladimir Putin

    Here's more from that Kremlin statement from Russian President Vladimir Putin:

    "Russia has always as a matter of principle advocated a solution to the Iran nuclear issue through negotiation and diplomacy. And it is important that the Geneva action plan is based on precisely such ideas and approaches. In particular, the principles earlier put forward by us of phased and reciprocal steps have been fully reflected in the agreed document and have received support and international recognition.

    "The result of Geneva is a win for all and this once again demonstrates that answers to modern-day international challenges and threats can be found within a framework of collective and mutually respecting work.

    "To stress - what is done is a breakthrough but it is merely the first step on a long and difficult road. In conjunction with our partners we are ready to continue the patient search for a mutually acceptable, broader and comprehensive solution that upholds Iran's inalienable right to develop a peaceful nuclear programme under IAEA supervision and the security of all countries in the Middle East including Israel."

     
  116.  
    1412:

    Iran's Fars news agency reports that the Iranian President, Hassan Rouhani, will appear on TV on Tuesday to present a report detailing his performance in his first 100 days in office.

     
  117.  
    1415:

    Saudi Arabia has expressed concern over the new deal. A government official said: "We don't know all the details yet, but the Saudi government has been very concerned about these negotiations with Iran and unhappy at the prospect of a deal with Iran. There is a lot of worry right now about threats to the region."

     
  118.  
    1419:

    Mark Fitzpatrick from the International Institute for Strategic Studies tells BBC World News:

    "This is a good deal - it goes beyond what I expected. I think the world should be happy about it. What Israel wanted wasn't on the cards. They wanted a complete dismantlement of the Iranian programme.

    "Iran wasn't going to completely capitulate - but Iran did make a lot of concessions, and the programme is now frozen. Israel is better off - its national security is improved because of this deal."

     
  119.  
    1421:

    Congressional Republicans have reacted angrily to the deal. Senator Lindsey Graham from South Carolina tweeted: "Unless the agreement requires dismantling of the Iranian centrifuges, we really haven't gained anything."

    Senator Marco Rubio from Florida, a possible presidential candidate in 2016, said: "By allowing the Iranian regime to retain a sizeable nuclear infrastructure, this agreement makes a nuclear Iran more likely."

    Senator John Cornyn of Texas tweeted: "Amazing what WH (the White House) will do to distract attention from O-care (Obamacare)."

     
  120.  
    1429: CyrusP

    comments on the BBC News website: Wow, what a good day for us Iranians! We got a deal on the nuclear issue; on top of that we beat Italy, USA and Japan to officially become fourth best volleyball nation in the world. We also beat the world beach football champions.

     
  121.  
    1441: Benjamin Netanyahu, Prime Minister of Israel

    tweets: Iran is taking only cosmetic steps that could easily be reversed, and in return, sanctions that took years to put in place will be eased.

    He continues: Without continued pressure, what incentive does Iran have to take serious steps that actually dismantle its nuclear weapons capability?

     
  122.  
    1442:

    What do we know about Iran's nuclear sites? Have a look at our backgrounder for satellite images, maps and more.

     
  123.  
    1445:

    More from British Foreign Secretary William Hague on BBC Radio 4: "Iran has made a lot of concessions as part of a first step deal." You can now listen to the full interview.

     
  124.  
    1452: Shimon Peres, President of Israel

    tweets: This temporary agreement with Iran will be judged by results, not words. If it doesn't work, consequences will be harsh.

    He continues: People of Iran: We aren't your enemies, neither should you be ours. Please choose peace & turn Iran into a country that doesn't harbour terror

     
  125.  
    1504: John Allen Gay, co-author of the book War with Iran

    tweets his analysis of the deal text: Fars [Iranian news agency] text says final deal will "Reflect the rights and obligations of parties to the [Non-Proliferation Treaty] and [International Atomic Energy Authority] Safeguards Agreements."

    He adds: That language sidesteps the question of #Iran "right to enrich," allowing both sides to persist in their interpretation of NPT

     
  126.  
    1507:

    Israel has reacted angrily to the nuclear deal; Pakistan and India have both welcomed it. These three states have some things in common: they are not signed up to the nuclear non-proliferation treaty and they all have nuclear weapons. Pakistan and India both declare their nuclear capability; Israel's programme is undeclared, but an open secret.

     
  127.  
    1511:

    The Turkish government welcomes the deal, saying it will provide all possible support required for the process, state news agency Anadolu reports.

     
  128.  
    1523: Sebastian Usher Arab affairs analyst, BBC News

    Although it might seem odd that Saudi Arabia is unhappy with the deal, in reality Riyadh may prefer the previous status quo, which saw Iran in the role of international pariah boxed in by the US and its allies. This has put the Saudis in the unusual position of sharing a similar attitude to Israel on the issue.

     
  129.  
    1525:

    We've had the hugs, the smiles, the bonhomie and the hoodie (see earlier pictures). Now, the formal, stilted group photo that sealed the deal:

    Negotiators pose in Geneva
     
  130.  
    1529:

    US Secretary of State John Kerry tells ABC's This Week that Iran does not have a right to enrich uranium under the deal: "There will be a negotiation over whether or not they could have a very limited, completely verifiable, extraordinarily constrained programme where they might have some medical research or other things they could do, but there is no inherent right to enrich."

     
  131.  
    1535:

    "I personally believe there should be no relationship established whatsoever until Iran has had extracted from them some type of reparations," Kevin Hermening, an American who was taken hostage by the Iranian regime in the late 1970s tells Reuters news agency.

     
  132.  
    1541:

    The hostage case (see previous) has loomed large over US-Iran relations. Some 52 hostages, mostly American government workers, were held in the US embassy in Tehran for 444 days after the 1979 revolution. Iran finally agreed to free them after the US unfroze some Iranian assets.

     
  133.  
    1541: Barak Ravid, Diplomatic correspondent for Israel's Haaretz newspaper

    tweets: Senior White House official: President Obama will call PM Netanyahu today and speak to him about Iran nuclear deal

     
  134.  
    1544:

    British Prime Minister David Cameron says Tehran is now further from getting a nuclear weapon and the deal "demonstrates how persistent diplomacy and tough sanctions can together help us to advance our national interest".

     
  135.  
    1552:

    Israeli government spokesman Mark Regev tells the BBC: "It's a good deal for Iran, I agree. The trouble is it's a bad deal for the world. They got their dream deal where they keep enrichment, they keep their centrifuges, they keep their reactor and the international community could well wake up in not such a long time and find itself in a nightmare: an Iranian regime armed with nuclear weapons with a very, very aggressive agenda."

     
  136.  
    1558:

    Lebanon's National News Agency reports that Foreign Minister Adnan Mansur has described the deal as an advanced step forward for a denuclearised Middle East. He also remarked that Israel was alone in its rejection of the agreement and was the "major loser" in the signing of the agreement.

     
  137.  
    1600:

    That brings to a close our live coverage of reaction to the Iranian nuclear deal. Most governments have been rapturous in their praise; Saudi Arabia has been unimpressed; Israel positively enraged. Thank you for following our coverage, and please keep checking our news front page for the latest in Iran and beyond.

     

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