Iran nuclear talks: Tehran 'will not step back one iota'

 
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei addresses Basij militiamen in Tehran (20 November 2013) Ayatollah Khamenei warned the P5+1 not to "ratchet up the pressure on Iran"

Iran's Supreme Leader has warned his country will not step back "one iota" from its nuclear rights, as it resumes talks with world powers in Geneva.

Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said he would not intervene directly in the negotiations, but that he had set "red lines" for Iran's representatives.

President Barack Obama meanwhile urged US senators not to impose new sanctions on Iran to allow time for diplomacy.

He was unsure if it would be possible to reach an interim agreement soon.

"We don't know if we'll be able to close a deal with Iran this week or next week," he told a Wall Street Journal (WSJ) forum in Washington on Tuesday.

Analysis

Calling Israel "the roguish, filthy, rabid dog of the region", Iran's Supreme Leader is clearly angry at its campaign against any nuclear deal that would allow uranium enrichment to continue.

Delivering such harsh words in front of Iran's paramilitary Basij militia, which is affiliated to the Revolutionary Guards, serves two purposes.

Ayatollah Khamenei wants to reassure the core of Iran's hardliners that if a deal is struck it will not be a sign of surrender by the Islamic Republic, which has feasted on anti-American, anti-Israeli rhetoric for three decades.

But he is also sending a message to the West that if there is no deal with terms Iran has accepted so far, they will face a more defiant country, where smiling diplomats would be replaced by revolutionaries who are ready to pick a fight.

Iran stresses that its nuclear programme is for peaceful purposes only, but world powers suspect it is seeking to develop nuclear weapons.

Some meetings between delegates have already been held in Geneva, ahead of Wednesday's first plenary session.

Meanwhile, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has flown to Moscow to meet President Vladimir Putin.

Mr Netanyahu has expressed vehement opposition to the deal that has been floated with Iran, and is expected to press Mr Putin to harden Russia's stance.

'Way forward'

In a televised speech to Basij militiamen on Wednesday, Ayatollah Khamenei said Iran's negotiators had been set clear limits before they travelled to Switzerland for two days of meetings with representatives of the P5+1 - the US, UK, France, China and Russia, plus Germany.

They failed to agree a deal at a previous round of talks earlier this month mainly because of what diplomats said was Iran's insistence on formal recognition of its "right" to enrich uranium and France's concerns about the heavy-water reactor being built at Arak.

"We do insist that we will not step back one iota from our rights," Ayatollah Khamenei said.

Mr Zarif's YouTube message: "Nuclear energy is not about joining club or threatening others"

But he added: "We do not intervene in the details of these talks. There are certain red lines and limits. These have to be observed."

The Supreme Leader, who has final say in Iran's nuclear matters, warned the P5+1 not to "ratchet up the pressure".

Negotiating positions for interim deal

P5+1 wants Iran to:

  • Halt uranium enrichment to medium level of purity, or 20%
  • Reduce concentration of existing stockpile of 20%-enriched uranium or convert it to oxide form
  • Not allow Arak heavy-water reactor to go into operation
  • Commit to permitting more inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

Iran wants the P5+1 to:

  • Recognise its "right" to enrich uranium
  • End international and unilateral sanctions

"They should know that the Iranian nation respects all nations of the world, but we will slap aggressors in the face in such a way they will never forget it."

Ayatollah Khamenei also said French leaders were "not only succumbing to the United States, but they are kneeling before" Israel, which he described as "the rabid dog of the region".

A French foreign ministry spokeswoman said President Francois Hollande believed the comments were "unacceptable" and would complicate negotiations.

The talks in Geneva will be led in the first instance by the EU's foreign policy chief, Baroness Catherine Ashton, and Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif.

The pair met on Wednesday afternoon in bilateral talks Mr Zarif described as "good".

The US team has held its own meeting with counterparts in the P5+1.

'Vigorous inspections'

Mr Obama told the WSJ forum that any interim agreement - expected to last six months - would see the bulk of international and US sanctions targeting the Islamic Republic's nuclear programme remain in place.

Heavy-water plant in Arak, Iran - which some Western powers insist must be shut down (file image from 2006) One contentious issue at the talks has been Iran's heavy-water reactor at Arak

Mr Obama explained the essence of the deal would involve Iran halting advances of its nuclear programme and agreeing to "more vigorous inspections" in return for "a very modest amount of relief".

During a visit to Israel on Sunday, President Hollande said Iran would have to agree to halting its enrichment of uranium to a medium level of purity, or 20%; reducing its existing stockpile of enriched uranium, and stopping the construction of the Arak heavy-water reactor.

Experts say Iran's 20%-enriched uranium could be enriched to weapons-grade, or 90%, in a relatively short time, while spent fuel from the Arak reactor will contain plutonium suitable for use in nuclear weapons.

 

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  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 467.

    #466 Beam

    A Theocracy.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 466.

    @465 quietoaktree
    --------------
    Israel is a world power! If I were living in the ME, I would want to live in Israel with their gov't & military watching my back. It is a democratic country with the highest literacy rate in the entire ME. You are a bit of a 'pip squeak' yourself...aren't you!!!

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 465.

    #461 Thoughtful

    " nations shouldn't be allowed to develop nuclear arms capability, that can fall into wrong hands"

    --Too late !

    --even ´pip squeak´ Israel fancies itself as a world power ----with the typical ´ nuclear blackmailing´ demands.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 464.

    One of the moderately amusing aspects of the P5+1 talks is the charade that what the UK, France & Germany think actually matters.

    The role of the US is of more interest. Could it be that the influence of AIPAC is finally on the wane? Changing demographics mean that even in conservative states like Virginia, the right wing parties are seemingly finding it difficult to find electoral success.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 463.

    460.beammeup, but the UN is made up of various member Countries with different interests but at least on this issue they speak with one voice, which is how it should be. Hopefully, the P5+1 are representing the interest of the majority of mankind with regards to World safety and security.

 

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