Egypt's Mohammed Morsi on trial: Q&A
The trial of Egypt's first democratically elected president, Mohammed Morsi, has been adjourned until 8 January while lawyers examine documents.
On the trial's opening day, the former president said he was still Egypt's legitimate leader and refused to wear the uniform required for court.
Mr Morsi is standing trial alongside 14 other senior figures from the Muslim Brotherhood (MB), all of whom will be kept in custody. The Islamist president was ousted by the military in July in response to mass protests.
Here is a guide to some of the issues surrounding his trial:
What charges does Mohammed Morsi face?
According to state TV, the charges against Morsi are: "Inciting his supporters to carry out premeditated murder crimes, inciting the use of violence, thuggery and imposition of control with the intention of intimidating citizens, calling on his supporters to disperse a sit-in outside the presidential Ittihadiyah palace by using force, complicity with others to seize 54 protesters at the wall of the presidential palace and torturing them."
At least 10 people died in the clashes outside the presidential palace on 5 December 2012. The Brotherhood claims most of the victims were Islamists.
The other defendants include the former presidential and deputy presidential chief-of-staff, and senior Brotherhood leaders Mohammed al-Beltagi and Essam el-Erian, the recently-arrested deputy leader of the Brotherhood's political wing, the Freedom and Justice Party.
Separately, Mr Morsi is facing an ongoing inquiry into his escape from jail during the 2011 uprising against former President Hosni Mubarak and into claims that he conspired with the Palestinian militant group, Hamas, during the prison break.
Mr Morsi and his co-defendants are being tried at the Police Academy in eastern Cairo, the same venue where Hosni Mubarak is being tried.
What led up to Mr Morsi's arrest?
In December 2012, the Islamist-dominated constituent assembly approved Mr Morsi's draft constitution boosting the role of Islam and restricting freedom of speech and assembly. The public approved it in a referendum but this prompted widespread protests by secular opposition leaders, Christians and women's groups.
Over 50 people were killed the following month in violent street protests.
In July, the military warned Mr Morsi that it would intervene if he did not reach an agreement within 48 hours with opposition groups to resolve Egypt's political crisis.
On 3 July 2013, the head of the Egyptian army, General Abdul Fattah al-Sisi, announced the suspension of the constitution. The move followed four days of mass street protests calling for the resignation of Mr Morsi, who had not responded to the ultimatum. He was subsequently arrested.
During his 13-months in power Mr Morsi fell out with key institutions and sectors of society and was seen by many Egyptians as doing little to tackle economic and social problems.
He also faced accusations of working for the Muslim Brotherhood, rather than for the Egyptian people as a whole, and of seeking to change the character of the state in line with the Brotherhood's Islamist ideology.
Egypt became polarised between his Islamist supporters and his opponents, who generally include liberals, secularists and leftists.
How significant is the trial?
Several of Egypt's most influential figures approved the removal of Mr Morsi from power. They include religious figures such as Egypt's highest Islamic authority, the Grand Sheikh of al-Azhar, and the head of the Christian Coptic Church, as well as political heavyweights like the liberal politician and former chief of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Mohamed ElBaradei, and the conservative Salafist Nour party.
But debates about the legality of ousting a democratically-elected leader have dominated Egyptian discourse and anti-Morsi protestors have frequently clashed with his supporters on the streets.
Only days before Mr Morsi's trial, three presiding judges stepped down at the trial of Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohammed Badie and his two aides. Judge Mohammed Fahmy al-Qarmuty said he and his colleagues had a "feeling of embarrassment" over the case.
With Mr Morsi in court, Egypt will have two former presidents on trial simultaneously. Hosni Mubarak, who was toppled in 2011, is being retried on charges that he too was complicit in the killings of protesters against his rule.
Legal experts say that under Egyptian law, if convicted, Mr Morsi could be jailed for life or face the death penalty.
A spokesman for Mr Morsi's legal team says he has not appointed anyone to defend him in court.
Will Egyptians be able to see the trial?
No live pictures have been shown during the proceedings so far, but State TV did broadcast what it billed as "exclusive" footage of the trial's opening after the proceedings.
It showed Mr Morsi arriving at the court looking relaxed and being applauded by the other defendants, who are all wearing white uniforms in contrast to Mr Morsi, who was wearing a suit.
The defendants could be seen waving at each other using the Rabaa hand gesture - a four-finger salute - while others attending the court waved their fists and chanted.
The footage also showed the defendants turning their backs to the judge as a sign of rejecting the trial, which Mr Morsi did not do. No audio accompanied the footage.
The Tamarod Movement, an anti-Morsi youth group, has called for live broadcasts to ensure that the proceedings are transparent and fair. Morsi supporters are also in favour of live broadcasts as they believe that TV images could provoke sympathy for him.