US and Russia agree Syria chemical weapons deal


Sergei Lavrov: "The military scenario would be catastrophic for this region"

Syria's chemical weapons must be destroyed or removed by mid-2014, under an agreement between the US and Russia.

US Secretary of State John Kerry outlined a framework document under which Syria must hand over a full list of its stockpile within a week.

If Syria fails to comply, the deal could be enforced by a UN resolution backed by the threat of sanctions or military force.

The US says the Syrian regime killed hundreds in a gas attack last month.


Russia has significant leverage over the regime in Damascus, as it supplies its weapons. Perhaps more importantly, Russia has been watching President Assad's back at the United Nations. It seems likely that the Russians will already have had some sort of promise of co-operation from the Assad regime.

The timescale of work to be done is ambitious. But a logical assumption is that the chemical stockpiles and factories are in territory held by the regime. If so, it means access depends on President Assad's orders, not on the progress of the war.

The Free Syria Army, the loose coalition of armed rebels that has been hoping for Western help to fight the Assad regime, has rejected the agreement. Less than a week ago the FSA believed that the Americans were about to launch a military attack, which it hoped would tip the balance of the war its way. Now it believes that the Americans have been sidetracked.

Whether or not chemical weapons are destroyed is not the point. The FSA want the Americans to destroy the regime's military power, and the US agreement with Russia means the chances of that happening are receding.

The government of Bashar al-Assad denies the allegations and has accused the rebels of carrying out the attack on 21 August.

Syria recently agreed to join the global Chemical Weapons Convention, and on Saturday the UN said it would come under the treaty from 14 October.

In a joint news conference with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, Mr Kerry called on the Assad government to live up to its public commitments.

"There can be no room for games, or anything less than full compliance by the Assad regime," he said.

Mr Kerry and Mr Lavrov said if Syria failed to comply, then a UN resolution would be sought under Chapter VII of the UN charter, which allows for the use of force.

Russia and the US have agreed on an assessment that the Syrian government possesses 1,000 tonnes of chemical agents and precursors, according to a US official.

The US believes the materials are located in 45 sites, all in regime hands, half of which have useable quantities of chemical agents, the official added.

However, it is thought that Russians have not agreed the number of sites, nor that they are all under control.

'Important advance'

The agreement says initial on-site inspections must be complete by November.

Start Quote

After two-and-a-half years during which Russia and the United States have mostly been at loggerheads over what to do about Syria - and three days after Russian President Vladimir Putin poured scorn on American foreign policy - the two sides have finally collaborated on an issue fraught with political and technical dangers”

End Quote

It also stipulates that production equipment be destroyed by November, with "complete elimination of all chemical weapons material and equipment in the first half of 2014".

Mr Kerry outlined six points to the agreement:

  1. The amount and type of chemical weapons must be agreed and "rapidly" placed under international control
  2. Syria must submit within one week a comprehensive listing of its stockpiles
  3. Extraordinary procedures under the Chemical Weapons Convention will allow "expeditious destruction"
  4. Syria must give inspectors "immediate, unfettered access" to all sites
  5. All chemical weapons must be destroyed, including the possibility of removing weapons from Syrian territory
  6. UN will provide logistical support, and compliance would be enforced under Chapter VII

The White House described the deal as "an important concrete step" towards putting Syria's chemical weapons under international control.

A rebel fighter buys a chocolate bar from a store in the outskirts of Saraqib, southwest of Syrian city of Aleppo Violence is now part of everyday life in Syria

However, it warned that "if diplomacy fails, the United States remains prepared to act".

France and the UK both welcomed the agreement.

French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said it was an "important advance". France was the only country willing to join the US in taking military action in Syria.

British Foreign Secretary William Hague said in a statement: "The onus is now on the Assad regime to comply with this agreement in full. The international community, including Russia, must hold the regime to account."

Start Quote

An important, concrete step toward the goal of moving Syria's chemical weapons under international control”

End Quote White House statement

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said he pledged "the support of the United Nations in its implementation".

Nato Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen also welcomed the deal, saying it was an "important step towards the goal of ensuring the swift, secure and verifiable elimination of Syria's stocks of chemical weapons".

However, the military leader of the anti-Assad Free Syrian Army rejected the deal and promised to continue fighting.

"There is nothing in this agreement that concerns us," said Gen Salim Idriss, describing it as a Russian initiative designed to gain time for the Syrian government.

Not all American politicians welcomed the deal either. Republican senators John McCain and Lindsay Graham said it would give President al-Assad months to "delay and deceive".

"It requires a wilful suspension of disbelief to see this agreement as anything other than the start of a diplomatic blind alley," they said in a statement.

Agreed target dates

  • Completion of initial on-site inspections by November
  • Destruction of production and mixing equipment by November
  • Complete elimination of all chemical weapons material and equipment in the first half of 2014

Meanwhile, on the ground in Syria:

  • Fighting continued on Saturday. Activists reported clashes between government forces and rebels in suburbs of Damascus, including some of the same areas affected by the 21 August attack.
  • The main Western-backed opposition group, the Syrian National Coalition, has elected a long-term political activist, Ahmad Saleh Touma, as interim prime minister. The group is seeking to become a viable political alternative to Bashar al-Assad's regime.
  • Video footage has emerged of an interview from a now-deceased Iranian commander apparently working with government forces. "Many of our Syrian friends here find it easy to work with us, because many of them have been trained by us in Iran," he said.

More than 100,000 people have died since the uprising against President Assad began in 2011.

Millions of Syrians have fled the country, mostly to neighbouring nations. However, on Saturday, Italy's coastguard said more than 500 people, mostly Syrians, had been rescued off the Italian coast in the past 24 hours.

Millions more have been internally displaced within Syria.


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  • rate this

    Comment number 584.

    Does this mean the United States is going to pay up the money it owes the UN in membership dues given that Russia through the UN has just saved them a few hundred million quid on missiles etc.? I doubt it.

  • rate this

    Comment number 583.

    To 559 Rebecca Riot
    Good Lord, Ms. Riot, just who do you think you are.? The world is a dangerous place without strident outbursts like yours DICTATING what the rest of us should think or feel .Thankfully, that's not how we do things here - we had enough of that when Hitler brought the world to brink with such self- assured stridency last century. We will make our own moral choices, thank you.

  • rate this

    Comment number 582.

    If a diplomatic solution is realized, wonderful! In the worst case though, those desiring US military action (Israel and US Neocons) will derail a peaceful solution and force "Plan B". Watch for anything that can ignite US public outrage over the next few months, including an attack on an embassy or even on upon US soil, which will doubtless be linked to Syria by our totally co-opted US media.

  • rate this

    Comment number 581.

    Lets hope this works!
    It does seem however to be a more sensible and mature option than what Obama was proposing which was just to bomb Syria without bearing in mind the consequences of his actions.
    this will probably be remembered as an embarrassment for America and a success for Russia.
    In other words Putin 1 Obama 0

  • rate this

    Comment number 580.

    Obam to Putin ok ok, you usually play the bad guy & want your turn as the good guy, ok, you play John Thaw & I will play Dennis waterman, doesnt really matter you dont want them to fall into extremist Islamists hands & neither do I.
    Xi Jinping wants a go, so if this works with Syria it may work with N Korea

  • rate this

    Comment number 579.

    569. Alaric the Visigoth

    Not only is Assad not interested in troubling other countries, he is not even interested in troublingpeople in the Golan Heights, a part of his country that is occupied by Israel.

  • rate this

    Comment number 578.

    "@494 - If anybody invades the UK I'll willingly defend the nation."

    I'll defend the local brewery..:-)
    Nah. If there is a use for 'past-sell-by-date' (age and fitness only) sniper who still keeps his hand and eye in with a rifle then sign me up.

  • rate this

    Comment number 577.

    Great deal. Hopefully fewer civilians will die. And al-Assad's (Iran's and Hezbollah) forces can now kill and be killed by the Free (Al-qaeda) army; two very nasty groups of people who can now ofcus their efforts on killing each other rather than us.

  • rate this

    Comment number 576.

    I think Putin has shown Obama how to deserve a Nobel Peace Price. This Syria incident has signalled to the world the start of a paradigm shift.

    Told you so, Russia and China can win a war without firing a single bullet.

  • rate this

    Comment number 575.

    What are the criterion for humanitarian intervention?

    Under what circumstances is it justifiable to support oppressive regimes or brutal dictators?

    Are the two positions mutually exclusive?

    Are we hypocrites?

  • rate this

    Comment number 574.

    Good news
    Now all we need is for someone to wind some duck tape around William Hague's mouth
    "Ah1 Silence is golden"

  • rate this

    Comment number 573.

    BUZZCORE well done mate, so Syria means nothing to you, I agree with you on that. As for political conflict, and bats, you remind me of a rather insecure, puny student I used to know who went on demos for some sort of macho confirmation, OXDEADBEEF I would suspect one would have had to be there for a falling skyscraper to affect one, don't you think, not from behind a keyboard.

  • rate this

    Comment number 572.

    Send in British forces to sort out the rebels. Air power and ground forces. Keeps the Russians in our pocket also. No surrender to the rebels.

  • rate this

    Comment number 571.

    "Syria would have been another war crime... illegal detention and torture of the prisons held in Guantanamo is another war crime"

    If you want to see the definition of a war crime, look at "Violations Documentation Centre in Syria" website. This is not an innocent little country - note the widespread use of detention and torture as part of the war effort.

  • rate this

    Comment number 570.

    Does it really matter who got us to where we are today? Is it not more important that we are where we are with at least a glimmer of hope that Geneva II will happen? Pity Geneva II is delayed until October (latest est).

    If we look back (US & UK papers confirm) it has been the unwillingness of the Opposition to attend talks. Reasons vary but include per-conditions. Uphill battle for Kerry Hague

  • rate this

    Comment number 569.

    What country, other than Syria, is Assad interested in?"

    Definitely Lebanon and Israel. Probably Iraq and Jordan. Has some interest in the parts of Turkey with Kurds in as that destabilises Syria's part with Kurds in. Any major conflict resulting from such interests has consequences throughout the Middle East, North Africa and SE Europe. Such instability then directly affects us. OK?

  • rate this

    Comment number 568.

    Latest statement from Vague Haig, Westminster's resident genius, is that "urgent work is now needed" on implementation.

    How much are we paying this clown for stating the blindingly obvious?

    We deserve better. Much better!

  • rate this

    Comment number 567.

    Next on the agenda - The rest of the world including Russia and the US give up their chemical weapons as well.

    If it's immoral to use them then the only people who will benefit from them being kept, are the terrorists.

  • rate this

    Comment number 566.

    Alaric the Visigoth
    "The point of 521 was that if the only time we should take action against belligerents is when they constitute an imminent and direct threat to us then we would fail to protect our national interest."

    The definition of "belligerent" seems to have completely eluded you.

  • rate this

    Comment number 565.

    I am pleasantly surprised that the US and Russia have agreed a deal over Syria, even though it may prove harder to implement.
    If they can do this, maybe they can agree on several other international problems. That would make the world a safer place.
    All credit to Russia for the initiative - but if this works the US too will come out looking statesmanlike rather than warmongering.


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