What happens next for Syria?
1 August 2013 Last updated at 16:28 BST
The conflict in Syria began as a series of major pro-reform demonstrations in key cities in early 2011.
These protests - and the Assad government's reaction to them - became increasingly violent. The administration suffered a wave of military defections as protests escalated into a full-scale rebellion.
Rajesh Mirchandani has been piecing together the information coming in from both sides of the conflict.