Egypt crisis: Morsi supporters gather for protests

 

Mr Mansour praised the armed forces and the Egyptian people

Supporters of Egypt's ousted president are gathering for protests in the capital to demand his reinstatement.

The army, which removed Mr Morsi and detained him in response to widespread unrest, has said it will allowed peaceful protests.

Adly Mahmud Mansour, the top judge of the constitutional court, is now Egypt's interim leader and has promised that elections will take place soon.

The African Union has announced it will suspend Egypt from all activities.

Admore Kambudzi, secretary of the body's Peace and Security Council, said the move was being taken in line with AU policy "until the restoration of constitutional order".

Start Quote

A couple of months ago, people were sceptical of the army. However, we have now seen our faith restored ”

End Quote Reem Shalan Cairo
Clashes

The removal of Mr Morsi by the army followed days of mass protests, largely organised by the Tamarod [Rebel] movement.

The protesters accused Mr Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood - the Islamist group of which he is a member - of pursuing an Islamist agenda against the wishes of the majority, and of failing to tackle economic problems.

Mr Morsi, Egypt's first freely elected leader, is in detention, as are senior figures in the Brotherhood. Arrests warrants have been issued for some 300 others.

Mohamed ElBaradei: "We were between a rock and a hard place"

The army command has said it will not take "arbitrary measures against any faction or political current" and would guarantee the right to protest, as long as demonstrations did not threaten national security.

"Peaceful protest and freedom of expression are rights guaranteed to everyone, which Egyptians have earned as one of the most important gains of their glorious revolution," it said.

But Muslim Brotherhood spokesman Gehad al-Haddad said the movement was refusing to co-operate with the new leadership and demanded the immediate release of those detained.

At his news conference on Thursday, he said the Brotherhood would take part in "peaceful, people-led protest".

Mohamed Soudan, foreign relations secretary for the Brotherhood-affiliated Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), said the army action and the arrests were moving Egypt "back to the dictatorship regime".

Army's post-Morsi roadmap

Morsi supporters in Cairo (5 July 2013)
  • Constitution to be suspended temporarily and interim president sworn in
  • "Strong and competent" civilian technocratic government to be installed
  • Supreme Court to pass a draft law on parliamentary election and prepare for parliamentary and presidential polls
  • "Charter of honour" to be drawn up and followed by the media
  • Measures taken to empower young people and a national reconciliation committee to be formed

Thousands of Brotherhood supporters have been camped outside Cairo's Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque, vowing to stage a "Day of Rejection".

"We came from all of Egypt for one goal only, to return the democratically elected president to the palace," said one man.

The BBC's Rana Jawad in Cairo says some have been calling for the execution of Gen Abdul Fattah al-Sisi, the army chief who announced the ousting of Mr Morsi.

Tanks and military personnel have been deployed to potential flashpoints in the capital and the mood is tense, says our correspondent.

On Friday, troops were deployed in Mr Morsi's hometown of Zagazig, in Shariqiya province, after rival protesters clashed. The health ministry said 80 people had been injured.

Some 50 people have died since the latest unrest began on Sunday.

Mohamed ElBaradei - a leading opposition figure who backed the overthrow of Mr Morsi - said the army's intervention had been "painful" but was on behalf of the people and ultimately averted civil war.

"Mr Morsi unfortunately undermined his own legitimacy," he told the BBC.

He said elections would be held within a year at the most as the army had no intention of ruling.

He had urged the military to treat Mr Morsi with "full dignity as a former president", he said, and hoped detained Muslim Brotherhood members would be released.

Egypt's revolution - key events

  • 11 February 2011 - Hosni Mubarak resigns as president after two weeks of massive street protests and violent clashes
  • January 2012 - Muslim Brotherhood-affiliated Freedom and Justice Party wins parliamentary elections with almost half of the vote
  • June 2012 - Mohammed Morsi becomes Egypt's first freely elected president
  • 22 November 2012 - Mr Morsi issues a controversial decree granting himself extensive powers - after angry protests, he eventually rescinds most of it
  • 3 July 2013 - The army suspends the constitution and removes Mr Morsi from power

Mr Mansour was sworn in as interim head of state on Thursday, vowing to safeguard "the spirit of the revolution" which had removed Hosni Mubarak from power in 2011.

He has invited the Brotherhood "to participate in building the nation".

The army's roadmap for the post-Morsi era includes:

  • Suspension of the constitution
  • A civilian, transitional technocratic government
  • Supreme constitutional court to prepare for presidential and parliamentary elections
  • A "charter of honour" to be drawn up and followed by national media

Early on Friday, one soldier was reported killed after Islamist militants attacked military and police checkpoints in the Sinai Peninsula with rockets and mortar fire.

Security checkpoints at al-Arish airport, near the border with Israel and the Gaza Strip, and a police station in Rafah were targeted, officials said.

Sinai has seen a series of militant attacks on security installations and oil pipelines over the past two years, and it is unclear whether the latest attacks are linked to the political upheaval.

Bowen: Egypt's failed democratic experiment

Gardner: Dangerous moment for the Middle East

Optimism for Egypt economy

Key players in the Egyptian crisis

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  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 327.

    Another example of good old religious leadership. Why are the Muslims in almost every Muslim country fighting and killing? Why are they killing non Muslims in non Muslim countries as well? Something is drastically wrong with this religion's leadership and philosophies. It isn't any kind of ' peaceful human religious religion' to act the way they do. It is more jungle animal eat animal.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 326.

    Egypt was a very important stone for them and the most important step towards achieving their sick dream, and we Egyptians just killed this chance for them. We need to get our voice to Europe to tell the whole world that Egypt is now fighting terrorism of the Islamic Fundamentalists, and I your media will not support us, or should Egypt loose the battle it will be a disaster for the whole world.

  • Comment number 325.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 324.

    @311.Rosetta
    He got elected-democratically! So ..if the majority of Egyptians wanted that kind of government! The Muslim Brotherhood seemed to have a lot of support and won the election fairly! Should the 'minority' be able to overthrow the 'majority'? Aren't systems where the 'minority' rule the 'majority' fundamentally unfair - like capitalism! 20% having 80%+ of nations wealth!

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 323.

    313@Sally
    "only through equal opportunity and education can fight our baser instincts."
    =
    Agreed. You're closer to the NAP than you would perhaps admit ;)
    -
    True.
    However not everyone else is, the gulf between here and there is too big to be left to an ideology that not everyone will willingly follow. With the way the world is today, humanities ‘training wheels’ will have to stay on.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 322.

    320.Total Mass Retain
    "As has been well established your definition of Socialism is so all encompassing as to be meaningless."
    =
    What? I've never diverged from that definition, ever. Perhaps, you're uncomfortable that your collectivist mentality, the state should trampleg over individual rights, is the same dark path that lead to the worst regimes of the 20th century.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 321.

    @314. A J D F
    If Morsi were still in power in 10 years, then either he would have been reelected fairly, in which case he would deserve to be there, or he would not have been, in which case I would favour his overthrow. How do *you* know what things would be like in 10 years if he'd remained? In democracies, most governments are unpopular most of the time, and bad leaders pay at the ballot box.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 320.

    "Sally
    Socialism is a collective mentality where the state, the collective, is supreme over the individual"

    If you redefine terms to suit your argument you can prove anything. As has been well established your definition of Socialism is so all encompassing as to be meaningless. You really should find an alternative, and meaningful, term. The ancient Sumerians meet your definition, so is absurd.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 319.

    @Da_Happy_Londoner

    Anti MB protesters were attacked with weapons (guns included) yet nothing was done about it. There were no policing to control or arrest these criminals, and they got away with murder even with video evidence. Some chat shows interviewed the criminals and they said their face was superimposed. Totally unacceptable.

    Not saying 2 wrongs make a right, but the MB are far worse.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 318.

    So, when is a coup not a coup? It's a coup when it takes place in a small, unimportant, isolated and poor country like Madgascar (2009) but not in a large, strategically valuable one bordering Israel? Even if the reasons for the man's overthrow are substantially the same. Double standards, as usual. I'm waiting for the US to cut off that $1bn+ in aid the Egyptian military get...

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 317.

    It seems as if the pro Morsi freedom fighters are preparing for a return to democracy. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SFX1heljE9k

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 316.

    Those terrorists have a sick dream wanted power to achieve it. A dream that is hiding behind a fake Islam; in order to make it true they wanted to get hold of the biggest army in the middle east (Egyptian army) as a start for an empire to take over the world (starting with Europe). We have done the world a great favour that will registered under the Egyptians' name for the rest of mankind history.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 315.

    @307.ProfPhoenix
    I think you DON'T have to be against things that are opposite to what you believe in! I think you can be 'for' Christianity yet NOT be 'anti' 'Islam'! Like just choose to follow your own religion (or not) and wish followers of other religions "all the best :)"
    303.WeirdAlex That might explain your 'support' for the illegal removal of a 'democratically' elected government!

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 314.

    298.SilenceImpliesConsent
    How many of those who think Egypt's in a better place now than a week ago will still be thinking that in a week's time, I wonder?

    What about a year's time? What about a decade's time? How would things be any better on those timescales if Morsi stayed in power? You will find many who consider women's rights and religious freedom and other rights worth the struggle.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 313.

    297.A Free Thinker
    270.Peter_Sym
    292.Total Mass Retain
    Communism and Fascism are 2 sides of the same Socialist coin. Socialism is a collective mentality where the state, the collective, is supreme over the individual.

    275.Rosetta
    "only through equal opportunity and education can fight our baser instincts."
    =
    Agreed. You're closer to the NAP than you would perhaps admit ;)

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 312.

    It breaks our hearts to see the European media under-grading our great revolution by describing it as Coup. it is a revolution, where the heavy stone of Islamist Fundamentalism was lifted of our chest and worlds’. Ordinary people, poor Egyptians in the streets managed to terminate the main shrine of terrorism in the world (Muslim Brotherhood Regime) peacefully and with the will of the street.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 311.

    308.Da_Happy_Londoner
    Or are against the idea of a democratically elected government openly trying to implement the manifesto pledges that got them elected!
    -
    A little more research would have shown you that Morsi was trying to implement a constitution akin to Sharia Law, a law that would penalise anyone who wasn't Islamic.

    Not exactly the free state that the previous revolution fought for.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 310.

    Schrodinger@291
    Given "tolerance & equal rights" (to compete not for work 'yes or no', but for 'best place') under the law (made by representatives, of equal personal material economic status), already you have 'democracy': ALL decisions made by representatives. Small need of Z Beeblebrox, beyond opening Fete of Galaxy, etc

    TMR@292; like phlogiston term 'socialist' has had its day. All are social

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 309.

    296. ResCyn
    What you seem to be saying is that everyone who believes that religion has a place in government not only should be locked up but deserves to be. I suggest that the one recipe for certain political failure is the prior exclusion (by what right?) of particular views from public discourse. The thing that always fails in the end is oppression.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 308.

    @286.WeirdAlex 3 people seem to be against me apologising to you ..or hoping you have a nice day! Or are against the idea of a democratically elected government openly trying to implement the manifesto pledges that got them elected! Either way . I think that best indicates the moral compass of those who seem to be 'against' the points i'm making! Pro-fascists would be I guess! Viva democracy! :)

 

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