Egypt crisis: Morsi supporters gather for protests

 

Mr Mansour praised the armed forces and the Egyptian people

Supporters of Egypt's ousted president are gathering for protests in the capital to demand his reinstatement.

The army, which removed Mr Morsi and detained him in response to widespread unrest, has said it will allowed peaceful protests.

Adly Mahmud Mansour, the top judge of the constitutional court, is now Egypt's interim leader and has promised that elections will take place soon.

The African Union has announced it will suspend Egypt from all activities.

Admore Kambudzi, secretary of the body's Peace and Security Council, said the move was being taken in line with AU policy "until the restoration of constitutional order".

Start Quote

A couple of months ago, people were sceptical of the army. However, we have now seen our faith restored ”

End Quote Reem Shalan Cairo
Clashes

The removal of Mr Morsi by the army followed days of mass protests, largely organised by the Tamarod [Rebel] movement.

The protesters accused Mr Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood - the Islamist group of which he is a member - of pursuing an Islamist agenda against the wishes of the majority, and of failing to tackle economic problems.

Mr Morsi, Egypt's first freely elected leader, is in detention, as are senior figures in the Brotherhood. Arrests warrants have been issued for some 300 others.

Mohamed ElBaradei: "We were between a rock and a hard place"

The army command has said it will not take "arbitrary measures against any faction or political current" and would guarantee the right to protest, as long as demonstrations did not threaten national security.

"Peaceful protest and freedom of expression are rights guaranteed to everyone, which Egyptians have earned as one of the most important gains of their glorious revolution," it said.

But Muslim Brotherhood spokesman Gehad al-Haddad said the movement was refusing to co-operate with the new leadership and demanded the immediate release of those detained.

At his news conference on Thursday, he said the Brotherhood would take part in "peaceful, people-led protest".

Mohamed Soudan, foreign relations secretary for the Brotherhood-affiliated Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), said the army action and the arrests were moving Egypt "back to the dictatorship regime".

Army's post-Morsi roadmap

Morsi supporters in Cairo (5 July 2013)
  • Constitution to be suspended temporarily and interim president sworn in
  • "Strong and competent" civilian technocratic government to be installed
  • Supreme Court to pass a draft law on parliamentary election and prepare for parliamentary and presidential polls
  • "Charter of honour" to be drawn up and followed by the media
  • Measures taken to empower young people and a national reconciliation committee to be formed

Thousands of Brotherhood supporters have been camped outside Cairo's Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque, vowing to stage a "Day of Rejection".

"We came from all of Egypt for one goal only, to return the democratically elected president to the palace," said one man.

The BBC's Rana Jawad in Cairo says some have been calling for the execution of Gen Abdul Fattah al-Sisi, the army chief who announced the ousting of Mr Morsi.

Tanks and military personnel have been deployed to potential flashpoints in the capital and the mood is tense, says our correspondent.

On Friday, troops were deployed in Mr Morsi's hometown of Zagazig, in Shariqiya province, after rival protesters clashed. The health ministry said 80 people had been injured.

Some 50 people have died since the latest unrest began on Sunday.

Mohamed ElBaradei - a leading opposition figure who backed the overthrow of Mr Morsi - said the army's intervention had been "painful" but was on behalf of the people and ultimately averted civil war.

"Mr Morsi unfortunately undermined his own legitimacy," he told the BBC.

He said elections would be held within a year at the most as the army had no intention of ruling.

He had urged the military to treat Mr Morsi with "full dignity as a former president", he said, and hoped detained Muslim Brotherhood members would be released.

Egypt's revolution - key events

  • 11 February 2011 - Hosni Mubarak resigns as president after two weeks of massive street protests and violent clashes
  • January 2012 - Muslim Brotherhood-affiliated Freedom and Justice Party wins parliamentary elections with almost half of the vote
  • June 2012 - Mohammed Morsi becomes Egypt's first freely elected president
  • 22 November 2012 - Mr Morsi issues a controversial decree granting himself extensive powers - after angry protests, he eventually rescinds most of it
  • 3 July 2013 - The army suspends the constitution and removes Mr Morsi from power

Mr Mansour was sworn in as interim head of state on Thursday, vowing to safeguard "the spirit of the revolution" which had removed Hosni Mubarak from power in 2011.

He has invited the Brotherhood "to participate in building the nation".

The army's roadmap for the post-Morsi era includes:

  • Suspension of the constitution
  • A civilian, transitional technocratic government
  • Supreme constitutional court to prepare for presidential and parliamentary elections
  • A "charter of honour" to be drawn up and followed by national media

Early on Friday, one soldier was reported killed after Islamist militants attacked military and police checkpoints in the Sinai Peninsula with rockets and mortar fire.

Security checkpoints at al-Arish airport, near the border with Israel and the Gaza Strip, and a police station in Rafah were targeted, officials said.

Sinai has seen a series of militant attacks on security installations and oil pipelines over the past two years, and it is unclear whether the latest attacks are linked to the political upheaval.

Bowen: Egypt's failed democratic experiment

Gardner: Dangerous moment for the Middle East

Optimism for Egypt economy

Key players in the Egyptian crisis

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  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 307.

    224. Da_Happy_Londoner
    Ironic how you cite persecution of Christians whilst supporting overthrow of Islamic government! Are you somehow 'pro' Christian /'anti' Islamic and wouldn't that make you kinda 'biased'!
    @ Is being anti something an indication of bias? I understand that under sharia being anti is considered a crime, but there is a tradition of rational criticism in the civilised world

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 306.

    Egypt is in a crisis of whether it is a nation with citizens of equal state - where the respect for the minority sets the bar - or if it is a state defined by a particular religious sect or group. The army, while not secular, has a national vision closer to a nation of disparate citizens. Morisi et al had a vision closer to a state defined by Islam. We will see which survives.

  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 305.

    all brotherhoods had lost hope, but this organisation i never trust them and i would like to thank Egyptians military for overthrowing an idiot muslim guy

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 304.

    Any party within a democratic system trying to undermine the system through which it gained its power must be answerable to those that put it there. A democracy must ensure that those in power do not destroy the system that put them there in an attempt to hold onto power despite the wishes of their nation. The Egyptian army has protected the system and spirit of democracy during difficult times.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 303.

    @293.Da_Happy_Londoner

    Honestly not a huge fan of democracy I find people are to easily led by raw emotion, superstition and cults of personality to be incapable on mass of choosing the rational best choice for their future, goverments who mistreat their citizens should be removed, democracy or not.
    In a true democracy the leader know he represents the entire country not just who voted for him

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 302.

    And it starts. Demonstrations turn ugly, 3 dead.

  • rate this
    -2

    Comment number 301.

    @287.ResCyn
    I believe in democracy and free speech! If people disagree :) "I disagree with what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it"?(Voltaire)
    BBC, AP and Sky news confirm shooting of protestors! At least i'm just getting 'kicked'! Those who supported the coup do you now support the shooting of protestors - or do you think 'kicking' them is all that's warranted?

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 300.

    Arm Forces need complements for sure not going for power for themselves.Also they allow peaceful protests,that is good.But where there is a group gathering to justify one person's action who is behind bars and in presence of other side protesters,then conflict comes in picture and that makes difficult to control.Best thing is people stay away from this kind of activities.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 299.

    DHLondoner@285
    "moral compasses"
    No point trading insults & statistics of infamy

    Like 'God', the idea of 'democracy' should not be a club with which to beat 'the other'. Defence may oblige violence, but our need is of intelligent viable understanding, agreement for peace

    Therefore, to do some good, think & tell others: Rule Of, For, By, The EQUAL People. Educate especially children, for any hope

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 298.

    How many of those who think Egypt's in a better place now than a week ago will still be thinking that in a week's time, I wonder?

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 297.

    270.Peter_Sym
    Stalin’s leadership, albeit communist in name, had more in common with fascism. It had nothing to do with communism. It’s ridiculous to try and grey out the crucial differences between the 2 for the sole purpose of legitimising racism.

  • rate this
    +5

    Comment number 296.

    289.SilenceImpliesConsent
    If that Islamic governement wanted to stamp all over the human rights of parts of its populace, as by all accounts was happening and happens under every example of Islamic (also read religious) governments, then yes they potentially deserve it. Their call though, not mine.

  • rate this
    +4

    Comment number 295.

    For weeks we've heard of how Morsi has removed the rights and privledges of minorities and woman, and how it is similar to a facist government.

    Whilst i dont doubt that this is true, i just wonder why has the BBC neglected to report specific examples?

    And whilst everyone official is criticising it as a undemocratic coup, if the army had stepped in in Syria then 100,000 people may not of died...

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 294.

    .

    LATEST: Shots are fired as supporters of ousted Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi gather in Cairo to demand his reinstatement, with at least one death.

    Here's the excuse the MB need for some really righteous revenge!

    .

  • rate this
    -3

    Comment number 293.

    @286.WeirdAlex
    Democracy! If an Islamic government gets voted in maybe they're just trying to implement their manifesto! To western nations that might seem 'hard line Islamic' but to his voters!
    in earlier post I tried to explain why I might have incorrectly assumed you were anti islamist -again I apologise as nothing you have said points to that being the case! I hope you have a nice day :)

  • rate this
    -2

    Comment number 292.

    The idea that Hitler was a Socialist is undermined (severely) by the fact that he was a sworn enemy of the German Communist Party (in Mein Kampf and on the streets), banning them upon accession to power. Some might argue this was a spat between different left factions, but he also entered a coalition with the German Right in 1933. Finally he aggressively attacked the USSR in 1941.

  • rate this
    +4

    Comment number 291.

    Democracy is but one element of a just government. Tolerance and equal rights under the law for all views, religions, and ethnicities is probably more important than democracy. In Mubarak's last election he won over 86% of the vote. Islamism today is incompatible with a government that respects equal rights.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 290.

    281.Total Mass Retain
    "Nations behave more like children in a playground and the same applies in politics."
    =
    I agree. The "Non-Aggression Principle" in the comment to which you are replying provides for exactly that.

    "Splendid isolation sounds great in theory..."
    =
    I did not recommend that.

  • rate this
    -4

    Comment number 289.

    What do the supporters of the coup/intervention or whatever you want to call it think of the rounding up and detention of MB leaders, and the triumphalist air force displays? Extreme provocation in an already febrile situation, I would say. Or do those people deserve it, for wanting an Islamic style of government?

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 288.

    260.Richard H

    Tony Blair went to war in Iraq despite the vast majority of public opinion being against it and despite the media whitewash in it's support of the Iraq war (Murdoch Papers, Telegraph, Daily Mail, FT, Evening Standard, The Economist). But the point is yes David Cameron can/ and will do something agains the core beliefs of the public if he has backing from MPs (i.e. political will)

 

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