Egypt crisis: Morsi supporters gather for protests

 

Mr Mansour praised the armed forces and the Egyptian people

Supporters of Egypt's ousted president are gathering for protests in the capital to demand his reinstatement.

The army, which removed Mr Morsi and detained him in response to widespread unrest, has said it will allowed peaceful protests.

Adly Mahmud Mansour, the top judge of the constitutional court, is now Egypt's interim leader and has promised that elections will take place soon.

The African Union has announced it will suspend Egypt from all activities.

Admore Kambudzi, secretary of the body's Peace and Security Council, said the move was being taken in line with AU policy "until the restoration of constitutional order".

Start Quote

A couple of months ago, people were sceptical of the army. However, we have now seen our faith restored ”

End Quote Reem Shalan Cairo
Clashes

The removal of Mr Morsi by the army followed days of mass protests, largely organised by the Tamarod [Rebel] movement.

The protesters accused Mr Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood - the Islamist group of which he is a member - of pursuing an Islamist agenda against the wishes of the majority, and of failing to tackle economic problems.

Mr Morsi, Egypt's first freely elected leader, is in detention, as are senior figures in the Brotherhood. Arrests warrants have been issued for some 300 others.

Mohamed ElBaradei: "We were between a rock and a hard place"

The army command has said it will not take "arbitrary measures against any faction or political current" and would guarantee the right to protest, as long as demonstrations did not threaten national security.

"Peaceful protest and freedom of expression are rights guaranteed to everyone, which Egyptians have earned as one of the most important gains of their glorious revolution," it said.

But Muslim Brotherhood spokesman Gehad al-Haddad said the movement was refusing to co-operate with the new leadership and demanded the immediate release of those detained.

At his news conference on Thursday, he said the Brotherhood would take part in "peaceful, people-led protest".

Mohamed Soudan, foreign relations secretary for the Brotherhood-affiliated Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), said the army action and the arrests were moving Egypt "back to the dictatorship regime".

Army's post-Morsi roadmap

Morsi supporters in Cairo (5 July 2013)
  • Constitution to be suspended temporarily and interim president sworn in
  • "Strong and competent" civilian technocratic government to be installed
  • Supreme Court to pass a draft law on parliamentary election and prepare for parliamentary and presidential polls
  • "Charter of honour" to be drawn up and followed by the media
  • Measures taken to empower young people and a national reconciliation committee to be formed

Thousands of Brotherhood supporters have been camped outside Cairo's Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque, vowing to stage a "Day of Rejection".

"We came from all of Egypt for one goal only, to return the democratically elected president to the palace," said one man.

The BBC's Rana Jawad in Cairo says some have been calling for the execution of Gen Abdul Fattah al-Sisi, the army chief who announced the ousting of Mr Morsi.

Tanks and military personnel have been deployed to potential flashpoints in the capital and the mood is tense, says our correspondent.

On Friday, troops were deployed in Mr Morsi's hometown of Zagazig, in Shariqiya province, after rival protesters clashed. The health ministry said 80 people had been injured.

Some 50 people have died since the latest unrest began on Sunday.

Mohamed ElBaradei - a leading opposition figure who backed the overthrow of Mr Morsi - said the army's intervention had been "painful" but was on behalf of the people and ultimately averted civil war.

"Mr Morsi unfortunately undermined his own legitimacy," he told the BBC.

He said elections would be held within a year at the most as the army had no intention of ruling.

He had urged the military to treat Mr Morsi with "full dignity as a former president", he said, and hoped detained Muslim Brotherhood members would be released.

Egypt's revolution - key events

  • 11 February 2011 - Hosni Mubarak resigns as president after two weeks of massive street protests and violent clashes
  • January 2012 - Muslim Brotherhood-affiliated Freedom and Justice Party wins parliamentary elections with almost half of the vote
  • June 2012 - Mohammed Morsi becomes Egypt's first freely elected president
  • 22 November 2012 - Mr Morsi issues a controversial decree granting himself extensive powers - after angry protests, he eventually rescinds most of it
  • 3 July 2013 - The army suspends the constitution and removes Mr Morsi from power

Mr Mansour was sworn in as interim head of state on Thursday, vowing to safeguard "the spirit of the revolution" which had removed Hosni Mubarak from power in 2011.

He has invited the Brotherhood "to participate in building the nation".

The army's roadmap for the post-Morsi era includes:

  • Suspension of the constitution
  • A civilian, transitional technocratic government
  • Supreme constitutional court to prepare for presidential and parliamentary elections
  • A "charter of honour" to be drawn up and followed by national media

Early on Friday, one soldier was reported killed after Islamist militants attacked military and police checkpoints in the Sinai Peninsula with rockets and mortar fire.

Security checkpoints at al-Arish airport, near the border with Israel and the Gaza Strip, and a police station in Rafah were targeted, officials said.

Sinai has seen a series of militant attacks on security installations and oil pipelines over the past two years, and it is unclear whether the latest attacks are linked to the political upheaval.

Bowen: Egypt's failed democratic experiment

Gardner: Dangerous moment for the Middle East

Optimism for Egypt economy

Key players in the Egyptian crisis

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  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 267.

    251.LiesInc
    It's a good thing in that a theocratic government was removed. That's always a good thing. I'm not for one moment advocating we get involved in any way, people should do it for themselves, but I'm certainly not shedding a tear.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 266.

    Democracy without rule of law is no different from the mob rule. Morsi behaved like a dictator, above and beyond the constitutional limits on power, and therefore he cannot expect constitutional protection. The military did what it had to. The real question, however, is how to prevent another power-crazy Islamist from winning next elections if the majority supports Islamist parties.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 265.

    Current support for Hollande in France stands at 20% or so. Does it mean people ought to over-throw him? Probably yes, but through elections and democratic process. Until then, opposition is what it is and is to act within political process and institutions.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 264.

    Common BBC it's time to stop Bias and show pics of pro President Morsi protesters. BBC has been the biggest biased agency since these protests. what happened to western non bias and fair policies. just proves they are a bunch of liars.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 263.

    Are mulligans undemocratic? The Egyptian people obviously realized their mistake in electing the inept Muslim Brotherhood. It's to be expected - Egyptians aren't used to voting in a truly free and fair election and now they want a re-do lest they start turning into Iran.

  • Comment number 262.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 261.

    Egypt is in a really precarious situation at the moment. A country which was split down the middle 51% voting for the Muslim Brotherhood. This may have got Morsi elected, but it didn't give him the mandate to radically alter the constitution and appear to rule only in the interest of his supporters. Price rises, security issues etc were also part of the reason the army got involved.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 260.

    At the end of the day Democracy is not just about the ballot box. If David Cameron did something that went against the vast majority of the British people's core values and culture then he too would be got rid of through people coming onto the streets. Unlikely to happen here as we have a more evolved democracy but see my point.

  • rate this
    +4

    Comment number 259.

    210.everest

    That's not true: Margaret Thatcher, Hugo Chavez etc, all have won multiple elections and have done what they wanted despite upsetting a significant minority of the population, all you need is that 50%> mathematical majority. Besides this isn't about an "Islamist Agenda" as the BBC incorrectly claims, its about a lack of jobs and security. DO YOUR RESEARCH.

  • rate this
    +7

    Comment number 258.

    @251. LiesInc
    Am I missing something obvious here ?
    Morsi was democratically elected by the Egyptian people , he has been removed from power NOT by the will of the people but by an unelected military leader , how is this a good thing ?
    /////
    You are.....he began to things he promised he would not do, ie Islamification of politics.

  • rate this
    -5

    Comment number 257.

    The truth is, Obama is supporting cannibals, human flesh eating cannibals which belong to the brotherhood in Syria who are actually NOT Syrian and they call themselves rebels.
    Same situation in Egypt, except Egyptians are brave enough to stand to the US and say Mind your own business.
    So BBC, you are spreading LIES, most of Morsi supporters are paid Palestinians and HAMAS. BBC is total rubbish

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 256.

    245.johnboy99
    @235. Peter_Sym
    Nazism is too complex to be 'left' or 'right'. SOME of Hitlers policies were extremely socialist, many not.
    ////////
    The Nazi that came closest to socialist ideology was Rohm. That and his increasing power were main reasons why he was killed, as Hitler’s capitalist backers were growing uneasy. Source: Riefensthal biography and Goebbels’ diaries.

  • rate this
    -2

    Comment number 255.

    @237.Banishdelusion
    I think your point explains why SO many people in the middle east HATE the west/engage in violence against it! For YOUR benefit/western stability you would be happy with Egypt being ruled by military dictators! Not trying to 'single' you out as MANY others on this HYS have similar sentiments and I guess that's why the US/UK LOST in Iraq/Afghanistan! Western double standards!

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 254.

    @224.Da_Happy_Londoner
    Being anti-persecution does not make me "pro-christian", being anti the goverment that is allowing that persecution does not make me anti-islamic
    The fact you saw religious bias in my post says more about your bias than mine
    @223.Belgian_Biscuit
    Overthrowing a goverment does not equal facisim, nor does imprisoning it's leaders.Us in Iraq for example not facist

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 253.

    The muslim brotherhood has shown itself to be inept and not up to the task of governing. They actually knew it before running in the presidential elections, which is why they almost didn't run.

    It is so much easier to protest and blame others and oppose and complain without coming up with new ideas or provide proper governance.

  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 252.

    #245 Hitler famously used govt money to put people back into work (building roads). Would the US Republican party (a true right wing party) do the same? Hitler was moderately anti-capitalist and frequently attacked financiers (although his anti-semitism gets involved here too). 'Right' or 'Left' is too simplistic. He was a nazi & thats a unique blend of policies.

  • rate this
    -4

    Comment number 251.

    Am I missing something obvious here ?
    Morsi was democratically elected by the Egyptian people , he has been removed from power NOT by the will of the people but by an unelected military leader , how is this a good thing ?

  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 250.

    244.Rosetta
    "There is only one way to rule "Might is Right"..."
    =
    Yikes!
    I just want to rule myself, and engage with other voluntarily. I don't want to rule, or be ruled by, anyone: http://libertariananswers.com/what-is-the-libertarian-non-aggression-principle/

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 249.

    @234.johnboy99

    Truth is, plenty of Hilter's policies would be considered 'Left-wing'!

    But don't trust me Google it, and Google how 'Left-wing' groups in the UK organised strikes against the war effort in favour of Hilter!!!

  • rate this
    +5

    Comment number 248.

    If you vote for devil, you can't complain at the results. Democracy with religious based candidates where illiteracy is high always fails - Hamas in Gaza, Muslim Brotherhood elsewhere - same results, a tyranny by the religious.

    "The more ignorant a man is the more he thinks he ought to govern someone else".

 

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