US recognises Syria opposition coalition says Obama


In Damascus, the BBC's Middle East editor Jeremy Bowen reports on the battle for an increasingly divided city

President Barack Obama has said the US now formally recognises Syria's main opposition coalition as "the legitimate representative" of the Syrian people.

Mr Obama told ABC News that the National Coalition was now inclusive, reflective and representative enough for Washington to take this "big step".

The UK, France, Turkey and Gulf states have already given their recognition.

Russia said the US had decided to place all its bets on the coalition achieving an "armed victory".

The National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces was formed last month and only a small number of countries have so far recognised it as the legitimate representative of Syrians.

Civil disobedience call

President Obama's statement came ahead of a meeting of foreign ministers from 70 countries to discuss the situation in Syria.

The meeting in Morocco is the first time that the Friends of Syria conference is attended by the Syrian National Coalition.

The leader of the National Coalition, cleric Moaz al-Khatib, addressed the meeting, calling on Syria's Alawite minority to rise up in a campaign of "civil disobedience" against the regime of President Bashar al-Assad, Reuters news agency reports.

Mr Assad's family are members of the Alawite sect and have used it as a key support base during their time in power. The opposition is dominated by Sunni Muslims, who form a majority of Syria's population.

Mr Khatib also said world powers, particularly Russia, would be held responsible if any attempt were made by Mr Assad's government to use chemical weapons.

The Friends of Syria group was due to acknowledge "the National Coalition as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people", according to a draft declaration.

The group includes major world powers, but not Russia and China - key backers of Mr Assad.

Arab Uprisings week on the BBC

Women shouting during protest
  • Two years since a young Tunisian street trader's death began a wave of rebellion across the Arab world
  • A special week of coverage across BBC TV, Radio and Online
  • Correspondents reporting from key locations

Activists say more than 40,000 people have died in the 18-month uprising against President Assad.

Reports from central Syria on Wednesday said a large number of civilians from the Alawite sect had been killed in a village to the west of Hama.

The circumstances are unclear but a video posted by opposition activists purported to show a young Alawite boy describing how government forces had destroyed a building where the civilians were being held hostage by pro-government militia.

The building, in the village of Aqrab, had been under siege from the Free Syrian Army and, according to the boy, as many as 300 civilians were killed,

There has been no word so far from the Syrian government and it is impossible to verify the activists' account.

More than half a million people have now fled the conflict in Syria to neighbouring countries, according to the UN's refugee agency.


Announcing the US decision to recognise Syria's main opposition, Mr Obama said it had earned the right to represent the Syrian people, but issued a note of caution as well.

"Obviously, with that recognition comes responsibilities," Mr Obama said.

"To make sure that they organise themselves effectively, that they are representative of all the parties, [and] that they commit themselves to a political transition that respects women's rights and minority rights."

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, expressing surprise at the announcement, said the US had decided "to place all its best on an armed victory of the Syrian National Coalition".

US recognition of the coalition does not mean the US will begin arming rebel groups, but officials told ABC that might be approved if it was thought to help achieve a political solution in Syria.

Addressing the Friends of Syria meeting, UK Foreign Secretary William Hague said on Wednesday that the UK did "not rule out any option to save lives".

"The Assad regime should not doubt our resolve, or miscalculate how we would react to any use of chemical or biological weapons against the Syrian people," he said.

Mr Obama warned that the US would not support extremist elements within the opposition coalition.

"Not everybody who's participating on the ground in fighting Assad are people who we are comfortable with," he said.

"There are some who, I think, have adopted an extremist agenda, an anti-US agenda, and we are going to make clear to distinguish between those elements."

One group he mentioned - the al-Nusra Front - is believed to be linked to al-Qaeda and responsible for nearly 600 violent attacks in major Syrian cities in the past year, the US state department estimates.

On Tuesday, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton designated the group a foreign terrorist organisation, freezing any assets its members may have in US jurisdictions.


More on This Story

Syria conflict


This entry is now closed for comments

Jump to comments pagination
  • rate this

    Comment number 33. guy
    I remember the US armed the Taliban once too


    You can't remember that since it's never happened.

    Taliban has been created in PAKISTAN's madrassas with a little help of Pakistani ISI in 1994. Long after Soviets retreated from Afghanistan and US lost an interest in that country.

    Talibs have never been armed by US or any other Western country.

  • rate this

    Comment number 16.

    9.NWO Watch - ".......his CIA are funding terrorists in the area for just this purpose......"

    Ooo, CIA funded terrorists - is that as in real terrorists, or just yet another tiresome conspiracy theory terrorists...???

  • rate this

    Comment number 85.

    Hurray for this recognition. But seriously, how many innocent people must be wasted before the world defends the weak against mean regime that Assad operates?

  • rate this

    Comment number 157.

    I like to see what is happening in the Middle East. It is Bible Prophecy being unfolded right before our eyes. Kingdoms rising against kingdoms, nations against nations.

    At the end of the day Jesus is Lord!!

  • rate this

    Comment number 333.

    If Assad is ousted, the people of Syria will have a chance of a democratic society, like Egypt it could be a slow process of civil unrest just to force the radical religious elements into relaxing their dictatorial restrictions on all peoples
    Equality is essential
    Sects of different beliefs are equal
    as are men & women
    The people of Syria will have a voice over Radical fighting elements



Comments 5 of 472


More Middle East stories



  • Peaky Blinders publicity shotBrum do

    Why is the Birmingham accent so difficult to mimic?

  • Oliver CromwellA brief history

    The 900 year story behind the creation of a UK parliament

  • Image of Ankor Wat using lidarJungle Atlantis

    How lasers have revealed an ancient city beneath the forest

  • TheatreBard taste? Watch

    Are trailer videos on social media spoiling theatre?

  • Agents with the US Secret Service, such as this one, are responsible for guarding the presidentHard at work

    White House break-in adds to Secret Service woes

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.