Syria Eid al-Adha ceasefire marred by clashes

The BBC's James Reynolds: "Video posted online claims to show a suburb of Damascus under attack after the truce started"

A series of clashes across Syria has disrupted a four-day ceasefire agreed to coincide with an Islamic holiday.

Violence appeared to die down as the ceasefire began at 06:00 (04:00 GMT).

But activists reported fighting in several cities, and later the army said it had implemented the truce but had responded to rebel "violations".

The capital Damascus was also hit by a car bomb, with unconfirmed claims by activists that there were a large number of casualties.

The truce was proposed by UN envoy Lakhdar Brahimi, who hopes it will lead to a peace process.

Previous attempts at ceasefires in Syria have collapsed.

Both rebels and the army had said they would only observe the truce if the other side held their fire.

Some rebel commanders said they wanted to observe the truce, but that they had little hope that the ceasefire would hold on the ground.

Syrian state TV reported that the ceasefire had begun at 06:00 on the first day of the Eid al-Adha holiday, and showed footage of President Bashar al-Assad attending a mosque for morning prayers.

At the Scene

Damascus hasn't had a quiet morning for a long time. During the Eid holiday people visit cemeteries where their loved ones are buried and put flowers on their graves. There are thousands of new graves to be visited today.

Right after early morning prayers, there were anti-Assad protests in some parts of Damascus and elsewhere in Syria. Peaceful protests have almost disappeared in most parts of the country because of government violence. But people managed to celebrate today, chanting for freedom.

Amid scepticism that this ceasefire will hold, people were trying to resume daily rituals. But by midday sounds of loud explosions were heard on the outskirts of Damascus. A cloud of black smoke was seen over the southern side of the suburbs. It is unclear whether this obvious breach means an end to the truce.

But the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, an activist network, said clashes had begun at about 10:30 at a military base near Maaret al-Numan town, close to the main road between Damascus and Aleppo.

In clashes in Harasta, a Damascus suburb, activists said at least three people had been killed by tank and sniper fire.

The Local Coordination Committees, another activist group, also reported deaths in the cities of Homs and Idlib.

Later, the military said in a statement that soldiers were chasing terrorists who had broken the truce.

"Armed terrorist groups attacked military positions, thereby clearly violating the halt to military operations agreed by the army command," the statement said.

The BBC's James Reynolds, on the Turkish-Syrian border, says there have been repeated explosions and automatic-weapons fire coming from the Syrian town of Harin, and smoke rising from buildings.

There were also rare anti-government protests in several cities, activists said.

The UN refugee agency said it was standing by to send emergency supplies to thousands of families in previously inaccessible areas if the ceasefire took hold.

The International Committee for the Red Cross said if the ceasefire held it would allow much needed relief to reach the Syrian people.

"Any truce would not only allow some of the humanitarian help to reach them, but it would also allow all the people who've been holed up in bunkers and at home, and also displaced in camps to rest a bit and to do normal things," ICRC spokesman Alexis Heeb, told the BBC's Newsday programme.

'Backing the truce'

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Civil wars have a trajectory: anger and energy at the beginning, mounting bloodshed and exhaustion at the end as the losses mount ”

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Mr Brahimi has travelled across the Middle East over the past two weeks to promote his plan, and on Wednesday won the support of the UN Security Council. He also said most opposition groups would back the truce, though some rebels expressed scepticism about the chances of it working.

Syria's armed forces said "military operations" would cease from 26 to 29 October.

"Syrian armed forces will, however, reserve the right to reply to terrorists attacks, attempts of armed groups to reinforce or resupply, or attempts to infiltrate from neighbouring countries," added a statement broadcast on state TV.

Syria Ceasefire Attempts

  • Arab League: Observers deployed in late December to oversee compliance with a peace plan that included an end to violence, the withdrawal of troops from the streets and the release of political prisoners. But the monitoring mission was suspended after little more than a month as fighting continued.
  • Kofi Annan: Six-point plan for Syria included the withdrawal of troops and heavy weapons from urban areas, and an open-ended ceasefire that was meant to take effect on 12 April and lead to peace talks. But neither side fully adhered to the plan and violence continued to escalate.
  • Lakhdar Brahimi: New UN-Arab League envoy toured the Middle East in October, seeking support for a ceasefire over the Islamic holiday of Eid al-Adha, which starts 26 October. The truce, backed by the UN Security Council, is designed to kick-start political reconciliation.

Col Ahmad Hijazi, an officer describing himself as the chief of staff of the Free Syrian Army - the largest armed opposition group - said rebels would not agree to a ceasefire.

"The regime is used to treachery and scheming," he told the BBC. "It is not to be trusted."

Rebel spokesman Brig Methqal Husani al-Btaish al-Neemeh said fighters would only observe the ceasefire if the government freed all prisoners, ended aerial bombardments and the siege of Homs, and did not use the truce to resupply.

The US welcomed the ceasefire, and UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said he hoped it would lead to political negotiations.

The uprising against President Bashar al-Assad's government started in March 2011.

Activists say more than 35,000 people have been killed since then, while the UN estimates that at least 20,000 have died.

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