Turkey PM Erdogan issues Syria border warning


Syria has become an "open threat" to Turkey, PM Erdogan says

Turkey says its military rules of engagement have changed after Syria shot down a Turkish plane that reportedly strayed into its territory.

PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan told parliament that if Syrian troops approached Turkey's borders, they would be seen as a military threat.

Meanwhile Nato has expressed its condemnation of Syria's attack as well as strong support for Turkey.

Syria insists the F-4 Phantom jet was shot down inside Syrian airspace.

The plane crashed into the eastern Mediterranean and its two pilots are missing.

Meanwhile, fierce fighting has been reported between the Syrian army and rebel forces in the suburbs of the capital Damascus.

Witnesses say it is some of the most intense violence in the area since the uprising against President Bashar al-Assad began more than a year ago.

In other developments on Tuesday:

  • The head of UN peacekeeping operations, Herve Ladsous, said the monitoring mission in Syria would remain suspended because of mounting violence.
  • Russia said its foreign minister Sergei Lavrov would attend an international conference on Syria in Geneva on 30 June

Mr Erdogan spoke of Turkey's "rage" at the decision to shoot down the F-4 Phantom on 22 June and described Syria as a "clear and present threat".

"A short-term border violation can never be a pretext for an attack," he said. The Turkish jet was on a training flight, testing Turkey's radars in the eastern Mediterranean, he said.

The two accounts
Map of conflicting routes of Turkish jet downed by Syria
Syrian version Turkish version
  • 11:40 local time (08:40 GMT): F-4 spotted flying at altitude of 100m (330ft), 1-2km (0.5-1 nautical miles) from Syrian coast
  • Surprise meant no time to give warning
  • Air defences engaged aircraft about 1km (0.5 nautical miles) from coast; it crashed into sea 10km (5 nautical miles) west of village of Om al-Tuyour
  • Tail wreckage shows jet was hit by anti-aircraft gun, which has a maximum range of 2.5km (1.3 nautical miles)
  • Approx 10:28 local time (07:28 GMT): F-4 leaves Erhac airbase in Malatya province and flies south-west over Hatay province
  • 11:42: jet mistakenly enters Syrian airspace near Latakia at altitude of 61m (200ft) at speed of 300 knots
  • 11:47: leaves after Turkish radar operator warning - no Syrian warning
  • 11:56: jet hit 24 km (13 nautical miles) from Syrian coast at altitude of 7,400ft (2.2km) by heat-seeking or laser-guided missile.
  • 11:58: crashes into the sea

He made it clear that Turkey was adopting a "common sense" attitude, although that "shouldn't be perceived as a weakness".

"Every military element approaching Turkey from the Syrian border and representing a security risk and danger will be assessed as a military threat and will be treated as a military target," he said.

Turkey requested a meeting of the alliance's ambassadors in Brussels after invoking Article 4 of Nato's founding treaty, which entitles any member state to ask for consultations if it believes its security is threatened.

'Disregard for international norms'

In a statement, the alliance's 28 members said the shooting down of the plane was "unacceptable" and they stood together with Turkey "in the spirit of strong solidarity".

Nato Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said: "It is another example of the Syrian authorities' disregard for international norms. Nato allies will remain seized of developments."

Earlier, in a letter to the UN Security Council, Turkey described the shooting down of its reconnaissance plane as a "hostile act" and "a serious threat to peace and security in the region".

Turkey has also accused its neighbour of firing on a search and rescue plane looking for the F-4 Phantom jet, although it was not brought down.

Relations between the two countries were already highly strained before the F-4 was shot down.

Mr Erdogan has been outspoken in his condemnation of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, whose government he accuses of brutally putting down opposition protests.

Anders Fogh Rasmussen said Nato considered the attack "unacceptable"

In Syria itself, opposition activists on Tuesday reported fierce fighting near Republican Guard positions in suburbs of Damascus.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights told AFP news agency that fierce fighting had broken out in Qadsaya and al-Hama, around 8km (5 miles) from the centre of the city. The UK-based organisation also said security forces had entered the Barzeh area of Damascus.

It said 10 people had been killed by shelling in Qadsaya and some 58 people had died in violence across Syria - 24 soldiers, 30 civilians and four rebels.

Syrian state TV reported that dozens of "terrorists" had been killed in al-Hama and many others taken prisoner, including some non-Syrian Arab nationals.

The Observatory and the Free Syrian Army also said there had been reports of a military helicopter being shot down in Idlib, but gave no details.

The reports cannot be verified.

Fighting was also reported in the old city of Homs where the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) last week tried unsuccessfully to arrange the evacuation of civilians. The ICRC said on Tuesday it was returning to the city for a fresh attempt.


More on This Story

Syria's war War in Syria


This entry is now closed for comments

Jump to comments pagination
  • rate this

    Comment number 63.

    In this modern world there is no reason whatsoever to shoot down a plane like that.

  • rate this

    Comment number 62.

    I hope Russia and China will prevent another NATO crime

    Europe should simply get rid of the American occupation.

    Let's leave the US titanic to their fate

  • rate this

    Comment number 61.

    So Tony Blair, official Envoy of the Quartet on the Middle East, do you have anything to say on this increasingly worrying situation? You were keen to offer advice on the UK's position within the EU a few days ago, but when it comes to something you're traditionally outspoken on - war - it would seem that in this instance you have nothing to say..! Or have I missed something?

  • rate this

    Comment number 60.

    Total ineffiency by Syria not establishing a jet’s identity, proven by how trigger happy they were on a recovery attempt, but told in no uncertain terms, the purpose. Assad probably kills his own shadow repeatedly. Time that diplomatic niceties are replaced by action to eradicate him and his slaughtering regime. Otherwise, what country is next to satiate Assad’s serial killing spree?

  • rate this

    Comment number 59.

    The Sykes-Picot agreement haunts us to this day.
    I bet T. E. Lawrence after taking part in the capture of Damascus never though that Johnny Turk would be banging on the doors of Syria again.

    One of the most unstable parts of the world and rely on a big chunk of our energy supplies from there.

    We are being led by very stupid people.

  • rate this

    Comment number 58.

    After latest incident,still as a Turkish citizen,I am proud that we didnt make the things worse by initiating a war against Syria.What Syria had done to an unarmed jet is totally unacceptable and intolarable.We have been good relations with syrian people in history.In the airspace , entering another country's territory unmistaknely is possible.Syria acted very hostile without any warning.

  • rate this

    Comment number 57.

    NATO invades Syria, which was the plan all along. Casus belli.

  • rate this

    Comment number 56.

    There is no justification at all for shooting down the aircraft by Syria

  • rate this

    Comment number 55.

    Just because a plane crosses a border doesn't mean it should be shot down, the Turkish jet was shot down without warning, this is, as such the way the Assad regime works.

  • rate this

    Comment number 54.

    We Are Ridiculous! As for the shooting down of a Turkish WAR plane? So what? Had it been a Sirian war plane flying over Turkey would they have just waved to it? NO They would 100% blown it out of the sky!

    -Even the Syrian Government don't suggest this plane was over Syria it was over the Sea , that's why there are ships looking for the missing crew maybe the aim was to shoot some Syrian fish.

  • rate this

    Comment number 53.

    On June 3rd it's reported that violence in Tripoli Lebanon was linked to Syria - but a closer look reveals rival gangs who'd be fighting each other regardless. Now this "training" flight wonders off course and Syrians felt forced to shoot it down.
    The first news report was trying to manufacture conditions for UNSC intervention and this is fabricating grounds for a response by NATO.


  • rate this

    Comment number 52.

    I wonder what actually happened. Does anybody blame me if I don't believe anything I read??

  • rate this

    Comment number 51.

    This has been the bbc's top story for day's now, I wonder why?

    This kind of incident is just TOO damned convenient for all those thirsting for another western intervention on another soverign country.

    The bbc as usual is feeding us what it's been told to feed us, and it tastes like more war.

  • rate this

    Comment number 50.

    If NATO wanted a causus belli as the conspiracy buffs here claim then why has Turkey's response been cautious and diplomatic rather than a retaliatory strike or invasion? And wouldn't the rest of NATO have had forces already in position and ready to strike the moment Syria provided the excuse? Some people are reading way too much into this incident.

  • rate this

    Comment number 49.

    #15. "We used F4's until the late 80's. They're strong fast and carry lots of weapons."
    You left out "survivable" and "versatile". Plus you can still fly it if the avionics take a hit unlike the "negative stability" models currently in use. It was built with the idea that it would be shot at -- and probably hit now and then.

  • rate this

    Comment number 48.

    I think someone is trying to get Turkey's army to be deployed into Syria because the UN is clueless on what to do next due to Assad regime being much stronger and tougher as oppossed to Libya or Egypt.

  • rate this

    Comment number 47.

    Did the pilots not have a chance to bail out? I would have thought so, but there should be some experts on here who can answer this question.

  • rate this

    Comment number 46.

    Exactly what I thought!
    Conspiracy? More like the fact that some of us don't treate western media as the source of truth...

  • rate this

    Comment number 45.

    Immense sympathy for the family of the pilots, however I have none for whoever thought it would be a good idea to fly a warplane in a highly provactive manner on a training exercise along the Syrian border a country which is at war with itself and self evidently is a dangerous place to be. They can beat the drum to war if thats what this is but I for one am not listening and will not support it.

  • rate this

    Comment number 44.

    If Syria had any resources to speak of we would have 'liberated' the people a long time ago.


Page 7 of 10


More Middle East stories



BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.