Syria unrest: Arab League 'seeks peacekeeping mission'

Empty Syrian seat at Arab League meeting in Cairo Syria's membership of the Arab League has already been suspended

The Arab League is calling for a joint Arab-UN peacekeeping mission to end the 11-month conflict in Syria.

In a resolution seen by the BBC but not yet officially released, it scrapped its observer team, suspended last month, and said it was ending all diplomatic co-operation with Syria.

Damascus "categorically rejected" the resolution, a Syrian envoy said.

The League's moves come a week after a UN Security Council resolution on Syria was vetoed by Russia and China.

The BBC's Jeremy Bowen in Cairo says the resolution contains the toughest language on Syria by the Arab League so far and makes it much more likely that the issue will return to the Security Council.

The fact that they are considering these moves shows the extent of the Syrian regime's isolation, our correspondent adds.

It remains to be seen whether Moscow will continue to ride diplomatic shotgun for its old allies and trading partners, he says.

Earlier, al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri backed the Syrian uprising in a video message, telling the opposition not to rely on the West or Arab countries for support.


The Arab League decisions to halt all economic and diplomatic co-operation with the Syrian government may intensify the pressure and isolation for Damascus.

But the call on the UN Security Council to pass a resolution to set up a joint UN/Arab League peacekeeping operation is unlikely to bring swift results.

Any such move needs a ceasefire which does not exist, and which Syria would not accept because it would put rebels and government on the same footing.

It would also require a consensus at the Security Council which is not there. Russia and China have staunchly protected Syria, which immediately rejected the League decisions out of hand.

But the League's decisions gave its members political cover for backing and financing the Syrian opposition. Syria already accuses some Arab states of paying and arming the rebels.

The appearance on the scene of al-Qaeda further complicates the picture as the opposition strives to appear peaceful victims of state oppression.

Meanwhile the bombardment of the Syrian city of Homs was reported to have continued after a brief lull on Saturday night and Sunday morning, with activists saying four people had been killed.

Human rights groups say more than 7,000 have died throughout Syria since March. The government says at least 2,000 members of the security forces have been killed combating "armed gangs and terrorists".


A statement issued by the League after the Cairo meeting said it would "ask the UN Security Council to issue a decision on the formation of a joint UN-Arab peacekeeping force to oversee the implementation of a ceasefire".

It said it was ending its observer mission, sent in December but suspended in January amid criticism that it was ineffective in the face of continuing violence.

The head of the mission, the controversial Sudanese General Mohammed al-Dabi, submitted his resignation earlier on Sunday.

The League also called for "opening communication channels with the Syrian opposition and providing all forms of political and material support to it", and urged opposition groups to be more united.

It held the Syrian government responsible for the protection of civilians, and said their killing was a crime which must be punished.

A representative of the League told the BBC the resolution had been agreed to by a majority of the foreign ministers.

But the Syrian ambassador in Cairo, Yusuf Ahmed, rejected the resolution, saying it "reflected the hysteria of these governments" after they failed to get UN Security Council support.

'Move swiftly'

Opening the meeting, the League's Secretary General, Nabil al-Arabi, said the failure of international diplomacy had put a special responsibility on the league.

Map of Homs

"It is imperative for us to move swiftly in all directions, to halt the vicious cycle of violence," he said in his opening words to the meeting.

The UN General Assembly is scheduled to discuss Syria on Monday.

There is no power of veto at the General Assembly but its resolutions have no legal force, unlike those of the Security Council.

There were reports of a respite in the bombardment of Homs on Saturday night and Sunday morning.

Shelling later resumed, but the lull was enough to allow some people to get out and queue for bread.

At least four people were killed in the Baba Amr neighbourhood of the city on Sunday, the Syrian Observatory on Human Rights said. At least 35 died on Saturday.

Activists say more than 400 people have been killed since security forces launched an assault on opposition-held areas on the city last Saturday.

Separately, Syrian state TV showed pictures of funerals of car bomb victims in the country's second city Aleppo.

The government says 28 people were killed in two attacks in the city on Friday.

Uprising activists have condemned such attacks, and blamed them on the regime itself, but US officials are reported to believe they were the work of al-Qaeda.


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  • rate this

    Comment number 78.

    Syria has past the point of no return. Too much blood has been spilled by all the religious, ethnic, and tribal factions for anything short of a Yugoslavia style multi-step partition to produce even a semi-stable outcome. The ripple effect across the same set of factions in adjacent states may ultimately produce a regional repartition of the old Ottoman Empire with mass migration and mass death.

  • rate this

    Comment number 59.

    I think western involvement will merely strengthen support for Assad, but it certainly could justify a local peacekeeping mission led by Turkey with troops from Jordan and Saudi Arabia, even if just to establish safe havens. Russia and China would find it hard to justify their 'case' in such circumstances

  • rate this

    Comment number 31.

    If NATO had complied in scope and spirit with the resolution on Libya perhaps Russia & China would have gone along with UN resolution on Syria. It's a case of 'Fool me once shame on you, fool me twice shame on me'.

    The Syrian should have come out in the millions unarmed like Egypt. Now they're fighting a civil war and Russia/China won't take sides having seen that regime change is end goal.

  • rate this

    Comment number 16.

    Whatever the eventual outcome of this world disaster, thousands of innocent people will have lost their lives by the time its sorted.

  • rate this

    Comment number 15.

    Its a good sign the arab world rising to resolve through peace the conflict in Syria without western interference and politics getting in the way of innocent people being protected from bombs and bullets from both sides in this fight for freedom.

    I would also hope the Syrian leaders do the right thing too and arrange a fair election and allow the people to decide who rules ultimately.


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