Egypt rallies mark anti-Mubarak uprising anniversary


Jon Leyne says the atmosphere is one of a street party

Thousands of Egyptians are holding a rally in Cairo's Tahrir Square marking the first anniversary of the uprising which toppled President Hosni Mubarak.

Some are celebrating the success of Islamist parties in the first post-Mubarak elections, while others are calling for further political reforms.

The decades-old state of emergency law has been partially lifted to mark the anniversary.

Mr Mubarak is on trial accused of ordering the killing of demonstrators.

He denies the charges.

Hundreds of people who had been sentenced to jail by military courts were due to be released on Wednesday as a concession to the protesters.

'Goals not met'

On Tuesday night, several thousand people had already gathered to camp out in Tahrir Square, the focus of last year's demonstrations - they were joined by thousands more in the morning, representing both the liberal and Islamist ends of the new political spectrum.

The BBC's Jon Leyne, in Cairo, says the mood is peaceful so far, resembling more a huge street party than a political protest.

At the scene

One year on from Egypt's revolution I am standing in the same square with the same people in a different country. Thousands are filing into Tahrir Square to celebrate the end of a dictatorship which smothered this nation of 85 million people for decades.

But if a year ago the people were united in one cause the scene in the square today also reveals their divisions. Before there was only one stage, one microphone and one message. Now there are many.

And as in the new parliament the loudest voice, the biggest platform, the greatest support in the square today belongs to the Muslim Brotherhood.

At the moment Tahrir Square feels more like a victory party for them than a celebration for all the people. The Facebook generation are simply lost in the crowd. Political Islam has taken centre stage both in Tahrir and in the Arab world. It now believes it can now reshape the region in its image.

The various groups are all competing to claim ownership of the revolution, says our correspondent, from the youth movement which began the protests a year ago to the Muslim Brotherhood, which now dominates parliament, and the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (Scaf), which took power last February after Mr Mubarak stepped down.

Protesters who stayed in the square overnight put up tents and chanted slogans against the military council, which many say should stand down immediately.

"We are not here to celebrate. We are here to bring down military rule," pharmacist Iman Fahmy told the Associated Press news agency.

"They have failed the revolution and met none of its goals."

Demonstrator Khaled Abdallah told the Reuters news agency: "The army and police murdered us and cut off the revolution's voice; but I am telling you now, the revolution's voice will not be silenced."

Other groups chanted "Down with military rule" and "Revolution until victory, revolution in all of Egypt's streets".

Start Quote

This is not a celebration, but it is a big event to send our condolences to our brothers who passed away”

End Quote Walid Saad Tahrir Square

But some people in the square said the protests should end and the new leaders be given time to move Egypt forward.

"The council will leave power in any case. Sure, the revolution is incomplete, but it doesn't mean we should obstruct life," accountant Mohamed Othman told Reuters.

Teacher Alaa Mohammed, a supporter of the Muslim Brotherhood, said the military council had overseen the "cleanest elections ever" and protected the revolution.

Others said they had turned out to remember the more than 850 people killed during the Tahrir Square protests.

"We should not forget that there was bloodshed here. This is not a celebration, but it is a big event to send our condolences to our brothers who passed away between the 25th of last January and now," said Walid Saad.


On Tuesday, Scaf chairman Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi said the state of emergency, which has been in place in Egypt almost continuously since 1967, was to be lifted.

A baby wearing face paint in Tahrir Square, Cairo (25 Jan 2012)

But Field Marshall Tantawi said the law would still be applied in cases of "thuggery", without giving any details.

The military has used the term "thugs" to justify the crackdown on people demanding a return to civilian rule.

An end to the much-hated law had been a key demand of the protesters. During his nearly 30 years in power, Mr Mubarak had repeatedly promised to lift the decree and then failed to do so.

Last year, the generals widened the scope of the emergency law to include labour strikes, traffic disruption and spreading false information.

The military council has also announced that more than 1,900 prisoners have been pardoned by Field Marshall Tantawi - they reportedly include prominent blogger Michael Nabil, who was jailed for insulting the armed forces.

The newly elected parliament met for the first time on Monday since elections - which took place over several months - returned an Islamist majority.

The Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) of the Muslim Brotherhood - banned under Mr Mubarak - holds the largest number of seats.

The session began with a moment of silence for those killed in the anti-Mubarak protests.


More on This Story

Egypt transition


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  • rate this

    Comment number 51.

    To all critical observers:

    1 - FYI - The Main assistant of the MB leader is a Coptic Christian.
    3 - The MB and Salafists will never join forces due to huge difference in opinons dated back 30 years.
    4 - 35% of the remaning parliment are liberals, so dont panic so much.
    5 - The US has been backing the MB 6 months before the revolution and have a big role in where the MB is nowdays,new ally.

  • rate this

    Comment number 50.

    Let's just hope it doesn't go the way of Iran and elect an Islamic dictatorship. Egypt is a beautiful country and I hope that it remains that way. Whatever happens, at least the people are going to decide for themselves.

  • rate this

    Comment number 49.

    To all critical observers, you seem to have allot of negative things to say after a succesful democratic result, isnt that what everyone wanted or supported ?

  • Comment number 48.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • Comment number 47.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • Comment number 46.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • Comment number 45.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 44.

    I always thought England was a racist country until I moved to Egypt. England is by far more accepting of other cultures and religions. Our over PC government are scared to death of offending minority groups, especially Muslims, as they are quite a sensitive bunch. The discrimination in Egypt on the other hand is clear to see. Eventually an Islamic state will be forced upon all living there.

  • rate this

    Comment number 43.

    It’s a shame the Muslim Brotherhood are doing well- they’re clearly intolerant people. You’d have to be a fool to believe their smooth assurances. Give them six months and they and the Salafists will be talking about how they are unable to stop the people killing Christians, Jews.

    I don’t like intolerance there any more than I like it here.

    Wrong is wrong.

  • Comment number 42.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 41.

    I just feel sorry for the Coptic Christians who are going to be forced out and abide by a strict Islamic code imposed by the Muslim brotherhood.

    The plight of the Copts will be worse than the Palestine because most of world doesn’t know or care and what’s more if you ask a politician about it, particularly a Labour one, they will ignore the issue.

  • rate this

    Comment number 40.

    Sorry, we will all rue the day. Egypt will descend into chaos as the Islamists impose their false doctrine on Muslims, Christians (a large minority) & the secular. Freedom will not exist - already tourist areas are refusing to serve alcohol, suggestions of segregated bathing, persecution of christians. We are seeing the birth of a Caliphate from Damascus to Cassablanca. Hope I'm wrong!

  • rate this

    Comment number 39.

    Some of these protesters should leave the square and go rebuild their country. Tourism (the main staple of the country) has taken a nose dive and people are struggling

  • rate this

    Comment number 38.

    I was living in Egypt when this all kicked off last year. It was such a time of uncertainty and nobody,not even our own government knew what was going to be the outcome. Egyptian people are more defiant than the rest of the world could possibly comprehend. My heart goes out to their uncertain future and just hope that one day the country can hold itself up to be the proud nation it deserves to be

  • rate this

    Comment number 37.

    #Alasdair Campell : I'm very sorry to hear such remarks from you, one of the main things the MB confirmed will be developing Tourism more and respecting all tourists. You might have heard an extreme comment here or there , but we have this everywhere even in the UK , if a BNP memebr asks for all foreigners to be kicked out of the UK , will the Goverment apply this ? No ,hope you got my message now

  • rate this

    Comment number 36.

    Continued street protests are not going to change anything in Egypt. Changes will come when the elected politicians start acting. Unfortunately I don't thing that freedom will be high on their agenda for change. Egypt probably does need to settle down now and concentrate on repairing the damage the revolution has done to their economy. If they don't there wont be a country to protest in.

  • rate this

    Comment number 35.

    #Ruffled Feathers : What you might not be aware of is the Military published many warnings on Egyptian TV during last month telling citizens that they are aware of a foreign agenda that is planning to burn the whole of Cairo during that day , this resulted in many respected women staying at their homes today scared from the Military warnings.

  • Comment number 34.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 33.

    The people revolt and overthrow a tyrant, then elect a bunch of Islamists to rule them.
    Plus ça change, plus c'est la même chose.

  • Comment number 32.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.


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