Syria unrest: Arab League adopts sanctions in Cairo

Syria's empty chair at the Arab League meeting in Cairo (24 November 2011) Syria, a founder member of the Arab League, was formally suspended last week

The Arab League has approved sanctions against Syria, including an asset freeze and an embargo on investments.

It comes after months of unrest. The United Nations estimates about 3,500 people have died as Syria has sought to put down anti-government protests.

The Arab League suspended Syria earlier this month, in a move denounced by Damascus as meddling in its affairs.

League foreign ministers adopted the unprecedented sanctions at a meeting in Cairo by a vote of 19 to three.

The move came after Syria refused to allow 500 Arab League monitors into the country to assess the situation on the ground.

Syria, one of the founder members of the Arab League, condemned the sanctions as a betrayal of Arab solidarity.

Syrian Foreign Minister Walid al-Muallem accused the league of seeking to "internationalise" the conflict.

Refusal to implement

Qatari Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim al-Thani gave details of the sanctions to a news conference in Cairo. They include:

  • Cutting off transactions with the Syrian central bank
  • Halting funding by Arab governments for projects in Syria
  • A ban on senior Syrian officials travelling to other Arab countries
  • A freeze on assets related to President Bashar al-Assad's government

The declaration also calls on Arab central banks to monitor transfers to Syria, with the exception of remittances from Syrians abroad.

The league also voted to impose a ban on commercial flights between Syria and member states. A date for the ban to enter into force will be agreed within the next week.

Map of Syria and its neighbours

Two of Syria's immediate neighbours, Iraq and Lebanon, abstained from the vote. Iraq suggested an economic blockade would not work in practice.

Sheikh Hamad said Iraq would refuse to implement the sanctions, while Lebanon had "disassociated itself."

Iraq is Syria's second-biggest trading partner, accounting for 13.3% of Syria's trade, to a value of 6.78bn euros (£5.81bn; $8.97bn).

Turkey - which attended the meeting as an observer, since it is not an Arab state - said it would act in accordance with the Arab League sanctions.

"When civilians are killed in Syria and the Syrian regime increases its cruelty to innocent people, it should not be expected for Turkey and the Arab League to be silent," said Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu, according to the state Anatolia news agency.

The EU and the US already have sanctions in place against Syria.

The Arab League move is being portrayed in Damascus as part of a Western-inspired conspiracy to undermine the country because of its traditional resistance to Israel, says the BBC's Jim Muir in neighbouring Lebanon.

Syrian state television described the sanctions as "unprecedented measures aimed at the Syrian people".

Meanwhile, violence continued on Sunday with Syrian activists saying at least 11 people were killed across the country.

The flashpoint region of Homs saw at least six people killed in three separate incidents, the British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.

On Saturday, Syria buried 22 members of the armed forces, including six elite pilots ambushed on a highway near Homs, following a recent upsurge of armed attacks on security forces.

'Humanitarian corridor'

The League threatened Syria with sanctions earlier this month after President Bashar al-Assad repeatedly failed to implement steps to end the violence, including allowing international observers to enter Syria.

Damascus depends on its Arab neighbours for half of its exports and a quarter of its imports, so the sanctions - supplemented by Syria's northern neighbour Turkey - will step up the pressure and increase Syria's sense of isolation.

On Saturday, Mr Muallem hit out at the group after it asked the UN to contribute to the proposed observer mission, calling it an invitation "for foreign intervention instead of a call to avoid one".

But Sheikh Hamad said the sanctions were necessary if the international community were to see that the Arab countries were "serious", the Reuters news agency reports.

"All the work that we are doing is to avoid this interference," he said, according to Reuters.

Graphic of Syria's trade

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  • rate this

    Comment number 170.

    Since when has the Arab League ever been a vehicle for democracy or respect of human rights? Although these sanctions would be legitimate if they really were to punish Syria for its continued brutality towards its own people the league's more likely just trying to punch at the soft underbelly of Iran. After all Saudi Arabia and Bahrain are not well renowned for their respect of human rights

  • rate this

    Comment number 167.

    The Syrian regime is defending itself from an armed insurrection stop believing the NATO propaganda. Since when do peaceful protestors carry guns and shoot soldiers.

  • rate this

    Comment number 160.

    I am all for the sanctions, however if the Arab League were to address the root cause of the troubles in Syria, it would have to sanction the majority of its own members. Most Arab countries are governed by dictators that keep ordinary people on a leash by means of ruthless intelligent services and brutal internal security forces. The hypocrisy of these sanctions is hard to overlook.

  • rate this

    Comment number 140.

    I worry that if Assad is deposed the country will fall into civil war similar to Iraq. The president is popular from Muslim shi'ites, christians and other minority groups. Why do we criticise Syria, when we turn a blind eye to the persection of people in Bahrain / Saudi Arabia. Its because we will loose out financially if we criticise Saudi Arabia's lack of democracy and oppression of women etc.

  • rate this

    Comment number 84.

    That will work. NOT. I cannot recall a single instance where sanctions have worked. Sanctions are purely a vehicle for certain states, groups of states and organisations to be seen to be doing something without actually doing anything.


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