Egypt protests: As it happened

Key points

  • Egypt activists have staged mass protests against the country's military rulers, in what are thought to have been the biggest rallies since the overthrow of President Hosni Mubarak
  • The military council has confirmed a deal to hand over power by next July after crisis talks with key politicians, and that it has accepted the resignation of Prime Minister Essam Sharaf's government
  • At least 28 people have been killed and hundreds injured - mostly following repeated attempts by security services to clear Cairo's Tahrir Square
  • All times in GMT

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    Hello and welcome to the BBC's minute-by-minute coverage of Egypt, where mass protests against the ruling military council have been called following bloody clashes in Cairo and elsewhere.

    1008: Lyse Doucet BBC News, Tahrir Square

    The BBC's Lyse Doucet in Tahrir Square in Cairo says hour by hour the crowds are getting larger. In some ways these protests seem exactly the same as the ones that brought down Hosni Mubarak, she says - now the slogans are telling Field Marshal Mohamed Tantawi to "go away" instead of Mubarak - and people are describing this as a "second revolution".


    The website of the state-owned Egyptian daily Al-Ahram is reporting that the ruling military council has accepted in principle the resignation of the interim cabinet headed by Prime Minister Essam Sharaf, says BBC Monitoring. But a "senior government official" is quoted as saying Mr Sharaf's government will continue performing its duties until a new government is formed.


    Egypt's stock market has taken a beating for the third consecutive day, with the Egyptian Exchange's benchmark EGX30 index falling by almost 3.1% within minutes of the start of trade before rebounding slightly, reports Associated Press.

    The index was down 2.95% by 11:30 (09:30 GMT), blowing past the 3,800-point level seen by brokers as a key support level. The declines built on the previous day's 4% slide and dragged its year-to-date decline down to over 47%.


    To understand why protesters who once cheered the military as it assumed power following the overthrow of Hosni Mubarak now see it as an extension of the old regime, check out the BBC's Yolanda Knell's analysis.


    Amina Ismail tweets that Mohammed Mahmoud St, which lies near the Interior Ministry building, has again been a flashpoint this morning: "Mohamed mahmoud is a war zone again, white clouds of tear gas r coating #tahrir &street battles havnt stopped all night long"


    Behind the scenes, the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) has invited "all the political and national forces" for urgent talks on Tuesday to try to defuse the crisis, state media say according to AFP news agency. The Muslim Brotherhood says it will take part in the talks but there is no indication if those driving the protests will attend.

    Mohamed Abd El-Hamid

    tweets: Security forces are trying to invade Falaki st, protesters ran back to Tahrir st


    More on the talks between the ruling military council (SCAF) and other parties: Reuters news agency said the talks were scheduled to begin at midday (10:00 GMT) and would take place with four political parties and four presidential candidates.


    Many protesters are concerned that parliamentary balloting - which was due to begin next week and run until March - will be delayed. Ramy Yaacoub, a political analyst in Cairo, told the BBC World Service he did not see how the elections could go ahead next week.

    "The candidates' lists have not been finalised fully or properly in all provinces\u2026 the ballots, the pieces of paper that voters will vote on - I don't think they have been printed out yet. The security situation is very volatile...

    "I think Prime Minister Sharaf's government has definitely failed in implementing changes. Egypt definitely needs fresh blood in the sense of folks that will come in and fix the security situation, cleanse the media and have a roadmap plan."


    Protests have also been taking place outside Cairo. In Ismailiya, state media say three people were killed overnight, with 60 reported wounded; in Egypt's second city, Alexandria, state news agency Mena is quoted as saying 40 members of the security forces were wounded on Monday. Protests are also reported in the canal city of Suez.


    If you want to know what Egyptian online activists are saying about the latest turn of events, take a look at our recently updated blog review.


    Egyptian Channel 1 TV is saying of the situation around Cairo's Tahrir Square: "Clashes erupt again between the security forces in Mohammed Mahmoud square (leading to the Ministry of Interior premises)", BBC Monitoring reports


    The English-language site of the state-owned Al-Ahram newspaper reports that the April 6 protest movement, one of the most prominent groups organising anti-government protests, have suggested power be transferred to a civilian presidential council to defuse the crisis; the names they have put forward include presidential candidate Mohamed El Baradei.


    Meanwhile, there's confusion over whether the military council has in principle accepted the resignation of Prime Minister Essam Sharaf and his government - Al-Ahram's latest article on this has no mention of the military's response to the offer, though it was earlier reporting the resignation had been accepted

    Esme Conway, Cairo

    writes: I am a British student living next to the British Embassy, 200m from Tahrir Square. The violence is deafening and it is impossible to sleep with all the trouble. However, the cabinet shouldn't have resigned in my opinion, they could have seized this opportunity to become one with the people, met their demands and ousted out SCAF.

    After living in Egypt for 5 months it is easy to see the country is unstable, we need a military at this time. Violence and looting can occur during these unstable times, Egypt is not in a position to live without a strong military presence. The military are outnumbered and if the people don't want the military, what do they want? This is not an organised movement, this is not a movement that can replace the cabinet's resignation.


    Trading has been temporarily suspended on the Egyptian stock exchange after the broader index slumped 5%, AP news agency is reporting

    A field hospital near Tahrir Square The BBC's Shaimaa Khalil tweets this photo of a field hospital for injured protesters
    1114: Wyre Davies BBC News, Tahrir Square

    says there is a very volatile situation there. The interior ministry is once again the focus for much of the protesters' complaints and aggression. It's difficult to see how parliamentary balloting can begin on the coming Monday as scheduled with this crisis unfolding, our correspondent says.

    Ghazala Irshad

    tweets: Gearing up (polishing camera lens, donning gas mask) for big day4 of #Tahrir protest. Call for mass rallies against SCAF across Egypt today


    The crisis talks between the Egypt military and political forces have begun, AFP reports


    More on media speculation about a possible new government to ease tension and appease protesters. Egyptian outlets are saying it could include four presidential candidates: Mohamed El-Baradei, Hoazem Abou Ismail, Hamdeen Sabahy and Abdel Moneim Abou al-Fotouh.

    An Egyptian cleric and protester, prays as protesters run from tear gas fired by riot police during clashes on Mohammed Mahmoud St near Tahrir Square in Cairo on Tuesday Protesters - including this cleric joining protesters on Mohammed Mahmoud St near Tahrir Square - are turning up equipped to fight on through the tear gas

    tweets: #Tahrir already half full and four marches from around Cairo still have to join's crowd might be bigger than Friday's. #Egypt

    Mohamed Abd El-Hamid

    tweets: Some syrians with flags are in the square for support #tahrir


    CNN reports three Americans have been arrested outside the Interior Ministry. "The three boys were throwing Molotov cocktails and had no passports on them when they were picked up," Adel Saeed, a spokesman for Egypt's general prosecutor's office, told the channel. "They have been questioned by the police and will be further investigated today by the Cairo prosecutor", he added.

    Rachael, Cairo

    writes: Being a professional in a foreign country it has been difficult to understand what is happening due to poor coverage by the Egyptian media. The military are now setting up checkpoints on the main road from New Cairo to Maadi and more protesters are going towards Tahrir Square. The Egyptians are saying it feels exactly like the revolution all over again. I fear it can only get worse before it gets better. My colleagues and I are offering to help at the Maadi international hospital this weekend.


    The independent Egyptian TV station ONTV reports on its Twitter feed that groups of football fans or "ultras" are marching in Mohammed Mahmoud St and confronting security forces. The "ultras" played an important part in the uprising earlier this year.


    tweets: My brother is in #tahrir now,he is saying number are more than any previous day,he said he saw snipers in Mohamed Mahmoud street


    To find out more about the history of Tahrir Square - focal point of Egypt's convulsive protests - read our guide here.


    Security forces have used excessive force, Egyptian journalist Shaheera Amin tells the BBC. She says she has seen young people being beaten with batons, and live ammunition being used as well as tear gas. "People are very angry - we saw some of the dead bodies being thrown into rubbish heaps. A lot of people are saying that the mask has dropped, and what we are seeing behind it is rather monstrous."

    Ramy Yaacoub

    tweets: Protesters retreating into #Tahrir from Mohamed Mahmoud street. Potent smell of tear gas


    "The military appears to be producing a situation from which there can be no return," says a post on the Lenin's Tomb blog. "Either they will consolidate their power as a new despotism with a slender democratic facade - and elections are now in doubt - or they will be decisively weakened, and a new alignment of democratic forces will have the initiative."


    Egyptian presidential hopeful Mohamed El Baradei has told the al-Shuruq al-Jadid website he is boycotting crisis talks with the military rulers "as he preferred to be a mediator between national powers and SCAF on the one hand and the protesters in Tahrir Square on the other hand", BBC Monitoring quotes the website as saying.


    Readers of BBC Russian have been debating events in Egypt. "A myth about a democratic system which can solve your problems is just a myth but it leads people to act like this," contributes Kaktus. "The USSR went through the same in 1991 and it put the worst possible dictators into power (not only in Russia). Neither the US, Japan, Germany nor China got stronger because of democracy. Democracy only benefits from what has been done before it... A society can afford democracy only if it prospers already."


    Marshal Field Tantawi - head of Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) - will address the nation soon, according to Egyptian TV


    The liberal Free Egyptians party announce they won't participate in any dialogue with the military "before violence has ceased and there is an official apology", adding they favour "a government of national salvation" headed by Mohammed El Baradei.


    The Egyptian Shorouk news website reports a funeral procession has just left Tahrir Square with the body of a protester, with many accompanying it and chanting slogans.


    State-run Egyptian TV's Channel 1 says in an urgent caption that "some protesters were headed for the cabinet premises".


    The Egyptian Health Ministry has said on the state-run news agency Mena website that the number of deaths since the beginning of the latest unrest has hit 28, according to BBC Monitoring.


    A candidate in the upcoming parliamentary elections, Gameela Ismail, who has joined the protesters in Tahrir Square tells the BBC World Service: "We want the immediate stop of the crimes happening up till this minute. During the last 72 hours...we're talking about casualties every minute. I spent last night in the morgue. We had twenty-five people, young men and one old man, killed. We're talking about people who have been shot with live bullets in their chests and in their heads. We're talking about hundreds of young men and women who were shot in their eyes and who lost their eyes. We're talking about tear gas that is poisonous."


    More from Gameela Ismail, a candidate in Egypt's parliamentary elections who explained why she has suspended her campaign: "We're talking about elections that we all have sought in order to bring about a parliament that will represent the revolutionaries and the revolution's demands. So, when this happens in Tahrir Square again and when peaceful protestors are attacked in such a violent and criminal way by the security [forces] - the same way as it happened before during Mubarak's regime and even worse - we can't go ahead at all with our election campaigns because it's meaningless," she tells the BBC World Service.


    The Ahram Online news website reports that female protesters in Tahrir are planning a thousand-woman march to form a buffer zone in Mohammed Mahmoud street, where the clashes have been ongoing between protesters and police forces since Saturday.


    As Field Marshal Tantawi is expected to make a statement shortly, Tahrir Square protester Norhan Zamzan tells the BBC that it's "too late for him to speak now". She adds: "People are dying here. Is Tantawi going to bring back the dead?"


    Tourism Minister Mounir Fakhry Abdel Nour offered his resignation on Monday with the rest of the cabinet - he tells BBC Radio 4's The World At One some of the military's actions had been "totally unnecessary" and that "a lot of mistakes" have been made. He said the military council had not yet accepted the government's resignation but added he thought it was more likely than not that they would.

    Calymans Mostafa

    tweets: I am in #mohamedMahmoud street, they fired us with the tear gas!


    More from Tourism Minister Mounir Fakhry Abdel Nour, who offered his resignation on Monday along with the rest of the Egyptian cabinet. He tells BBC Radio 4 he thinks the military "are not fit to rule in a democratic environment", but adds: "They have a duty to run the country in this transitional period."


    Field Marshal Tantawi's effigy is being paraded around Tahrir Square to loud cheers from protesters, an al-Jazeera correspondent in Cairo reports.

    Michael Kremer, Cairo

    writes: Just saw a large group of schoolchildren on their way to Tahrir. Life outside of the square and downtown area, however, continues on as normal. Rumors of a 3pm curfew proved unfounded.


    Protesters on Tahrir Square have been describing Tuesday's gathering as "the million people" rally. Here, a demonstrator throws a tear gas canister, which was reportedly used by riot police during clashes near the square:

    Protester throws a gas canister near Tahrir Square

    Some activists are wondering whether Field Marshal Tantawi's speech will follow the same pattern as deposed President Hosni Mubarak. Gigi Ibrahim tweets: "Will this be his departure speech or the first of 3? #SCAF#TantawiSpeech"

    1355: Jeremy Bowen BBC Middle East editor, Tahrir Square

    reports that clashes are continuing on a side street leading to the interior ministry. One man is now hanging Tantawi's effigy from a traffic light.

    Ramy Yaacoub

    tweets: There are a few men/boys on frontline of #MohamedMahmoud who just stood there without masks waving a huge flag, giving V hand signs #Tahrir


    If you're just joining us, welcome to the BBC's live coverage of events in Egypt. We're bringing you the latest updates from our correspondents, expert analysis and your reaction from around the world. You can contact us via email, text or twitter. We'll publish what we can.

    1404: Wyre Davies BBC News, Tahrir Square

    says that there are currently about 60,000-70,000 people on Tahrir Square, and more people are arriving.

    Ismail Naguib

    tweets: An old man next to me just said that somewhere in #tahrir right now is a future president of #Egypt.

    1407: Jeremy Bowen BBC Middle East editor, Tahrir Square

    says there was a moment of joy when false rumours swept a gas-choked demonstration that the military council had stepped down. Untrue.

    Richard Taylor, Cairo

    writes: "The banks have closed: went to pay a cheque into my local HSBC branch in Maadi Degla, Cairo, but the shutters came down. Official told us they had closed "under orders from the Egyptian Central Bank and our management.'"


    Doctor Ahmed Abdel Mawgoowed in Cairo tells Reuters that "the situation is difficult, we have lots of cases of suffocation through inhaling tear gas".


    Here, a demonstrator has milk sprayed into his eyes to alleviate effects of tear gas:

    A protester near Tahrir Square has milk sprayed into his eyes to alleviate effects of tear gas
    AJE Live

    tweets Army officer joins protesters in #Tahrir Square, chants "the people want to bring down the field marshal". #Egypt


    Raheem, a UK national who lives in Egypt, tells the BBC: "What has taken place here is nothing short of a national tragedy. The resignation of the cabinet is just the latest event in an ongoing farce. Despite the revolution, the army has never lost control of the country. This civilian cabinet which resigned is just a proxy for the military."

    Tarek Shalaby

    tweets: Battle has paused...probably momentarily. Revolutionaries packed right in front of security forces. #Tahrir

    Lyse Doucet BBC News, Tahrir Square

    tweets: #tahrir 1700 #egypt time already almost full..from rooftop c protestors still coming in from all roads


    Riot police throw stones during clashes with protesters near the interior ministry in Cairo:

    Riot police throw stones in Cairo
    1504: Lyse Doucet BBC News, Tahrir Square

    reports that the protesters say they will not leave the square until their demands are met. They want a second revolution.


    Ahmed, in Cairo, tells the BBC Arabic's Have Your Say: "The most important thing about these recent events is that it showed the real face of all the political parties. They're all competing on TV stations flexing their muscles to see who can get more supporters on the street. They're simply opportunistic with no care for the real needs of the people."


    tweets: Biggest demo in cairo since mubarak toppled #egypt #tahrir


    Alaa Badrwai, and Egyptian who lives in Kuwait, tells the BBC Arabic's Have Your Say: "The cabinet of Essam Sharaf did not fulfil any of its many promises of which security was the most important one. Secondly, Scaf is clearly trying to force its own agenda on the people."

    Sharif Kouddous

    tweets: This has become a war. One side has gas and guns and the other has numbers and will. #Tahrir


    Protesters are still arriving in Tahrir Square. In the past, the numbers typically peaked late in the evening after people finished work.

    Ibrahim Elgarhi

    tweets: "Retweet: urgently needed in the square right now- another square because this one is full to the limit."


    The ruling military council agrees to form a national salvation government and will stage presidential elections before July, bowing to demands by protesters for a swifter transfer of power, Egypt's politicans are quoted as saying by Reuters.


    Washington says the violence in Egypt is "deplorable" and must stop - Reuters.

    CBC's Derek Stoffel

    tweets: "Word of handover of power comes from Egyptian media. Loud cheering in #Tahrir Sq - possibly in response to this news."


    More on the reported agreement by the military to speed up the handover of power. Selim al-Awwa, a politician who took part in Tuesday's talks with the army, tells the state-run Mena news agency: "It was agreed at the meeting headed by the deputy of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, Sami Enan... to form a government of national salvation which would implement the goals of the revolution".


    Egypt's military council has so far not publicly commented on the reported breakthrough. The council chief, Field Marshal Tantawi, is expected to make a statement shortly.


    The reported deal was immediately rejected by protesters in Tahrir Square. "We are not leaving, he leaves," they chanted, referring to Tantawi, the AP news agency reports.

    BookTeam Egypt

    tweets: "Glued to my TV & it's feel like Feb11 all over again. Waiting for a speech. Waiting for a way out. Mass defiance. Prayers all round."


    More on the meeting between politicians and the military and reports of an agreement - Reuters are quoting Salafist politician Emad Abdel Ghafour as saying the army has agreed to hold presidential elections before next July.

    Rowan El Shimi

    tweets: Another march joined us on #tahrir street in Dokki. The echos of the chants are intense!

    1645: Kevin Connolly BBC Middle East correspondent, Cairo

    writes of the reports of a deal: "The major concession from the military appears to be a readiness to bring forward presidential elections to next summer. That implies that a new constitution would be written before then establishing ground rules for the relationship between Egypt's fledgling civilian politicians and a military which has grown used to wielding power."


    More than 100,000 people have now gathered in Tahrir Square, according to al-Jazeera.


    It looks that protesters are unimpressed by the reported deal, still demanding that Tantawi go. Earlier today, they hanged a puppet depicting the mock execution of chairman of the military council:

    Tahrir Square protesters hang Tantawi's effigy

    The Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice party have said on their Facebook page that a deal was reached at a meeting between the military council and politicians, paving the way for a "national salvation" government and presidential elections by July at the latest.


    TheBigPharaoh tweets: "I don't think #tahrir will accept SCAF's concessions. Tahrir wants to do to SCAF what it did to Mubarak."


    Egypt's state-run Nile News TV says the interior ministry has formed working groups to identify those involved in shooting protesters and policemen, BBC Monitoring reports.


    To see more images from today's events in Egypt, go to our picture gallery: In pictures: Cairo protests swell

    Mostafa Sheshtawy

    tweets: The clashes are still strong in mohammed mahmoud st. Thousands of brave egyptians standing against oppression of #CSF #Tahrir

    1728: Breaking News

    Field Marshal Mohammed Hussein Tantawi has addressed the nation on Egyptian TV.


    Field Marshal Tantawi: "Our only loyalty is to the people and land of Egypt".


    Field Marshal Tantawi says the military has "always sought a compromise" in resolving the political crisis.


    Field Marshal Tantawi says he accepts the resignation of Prime Minister Essam Sharaf's government.


    Tantawi adds that the council has decided "to hold (parliamentary) elections on time and stage presidential elections before the end of June".


    Field Marshal Mohammed Hussein Tantawi has just finished addressing the nation on Egyptian TV, confirming that the council has reached a deal with politicians to hold parliamentary elections next week as planned, and a presidential poll by the end of next June.

    1744: Wyre Davies BBC News, Tahrir Square

    says that the key thing now is whether protesters are convinced that enough confessions have been made by the military.


    Protest rallies are also being held in Egypt's port of Alexandria, where riot police reportedly fired tear gas against the demonstrators:

    Protesters in Alexandria. Photo: 22 November 2011

    People in the in the city of Suez have marched towards al-Arab'in Square to join the protests, BBC Monitoring reports quoting Egypt's state TV.

    Field Marshal Tantawi addresses the nation

    And here we have a picture of Hussein Tantawi making his televised address.

    1812: Jeremy Bowen BBC Middle East editor, Tahrir Square

    says: "There are tens of thousands in this square carrying on as if nothing different has happened. Plenty of people have said here to me today that they want to stay here till military rule ends. The military doesn't want to give up power. It's really pulled a lot of the strings behind the scenes, since 1952."

    1815: Jeremy Bowen BBC Middle East editor, Tahrir Square

    adds: "They [the military] control 40% of the economy, there's a lot for them at stake; this is not something they want to give up lightly. So this is not the end of it I would say."


    Blogger Mahmoud Salem - who is a candidate in next week's parliamentary elections but has suspended his campaign - tweets: "Remember when #scaf said we are only here for 6 months, & stayed for 8 +? Yeah, june2012. I believe that. Sure. #tantawispeech"


    There are renewed clashes between protesters and security forces in front of the security directorate in the city of Alexandria, BBC Monitoring reports. State-run Mena news agency says 1,000 protesters showered the central security forces with stones, and security forces responded with tear gas.


    Lillian Wagdy tweets that there were "loud chants in #tahrir ... Leave... Leave after #tantawispeech".


    In his speech, Field Marshal Tantawi said the military council felt "sorry for the victims who were killed". Hussein Tantawi also said the goal of the council since the start of the transitional stage had been restoring security in the country, BBC Monitoring reports.


    tweets: Ambulances and many motorcycles getting into #mohamedmahmoud and coming with the injured in #tahrir


    The US state department says it condemns the excessive use of force by Egyptian police against the protesters, Reuters reports.


    The US also says it will hold the Egyptian ruling military council to its commitments, but it declines to say how it will do so, Reuters reports.

    Jessica, Cairo,

    writes: "The field hospitals in Tahrir Square are now pretty well stocked. People have been fundraising and taking supplies down there completely independently. Now they are asking for food and water and blankets. They also need gas marks and goggles. Everywhere is running low on blood. There are two mobile donation vans on the square itself. I gave blood last night and I queued for 20 minutes. There were still people waiting to give blood after me."

    Lyse Doucet BBC News, Tahrir Square

    tweets: "In last 2 hours constant wail ambulance sirens #Tahrir. Many asking why this tear gas causing so much harm."


    Despite his own scepticism, blogger and parliamentary candidate Mahmoud Salem tweets: "Spoke to many people outside #tahrir, the majority liked the #tantawispeech. Just an fyi."


    Mohamed Lotfy, of Amnesty International, is unconvinced it will be enough to calm the thousands of protesters in Cairo's Tahrir Square: "I think we'll know very shortly if this is sufficient or not, or if people are asking for more than this. From what I listen from some of our contacts - activists - in Egypt, they are fed up with the way things, the interim period, is being run," he tells the BBC.


    More from Mohamed Lofty of Amnesty International: "Too many people have been killed in the civil protests, or in the last nine months too many people were presented to military trials for civilians. Prisoners of conscience continue to lay imprisoned by military courts. I think the record is grim and I wonder if one speech is enough to erase all this record."

    Jan25 Voices

    tweets: "Tantawi finished speech to the ppl and the square erupted unanimously with 'Leave (irhal)' 'the ppl demand the resignation of the misheer [field marshall]'."

    Hadeel Al-Shalchi, Middle East Correspondent, Associated Press

    tweets: "#Tantawi wants a referendum on whether to leave. Ppl here say they aren't going anywhere. #egypt"

    1859: Michael Kremer an American student in Cairo

    writes: "I am living on the other side of the Nile, but about 10 minutes' walk away from Tahrir Square. Today a march of school children came through my neighbourhood. They were going straight from classes to Tahrir Square. They were chanting slogans. They called to us and urged us to join them."


    More from Michael Kremer: "Everyone I meet is very focussed on what is happening on the square. Everyone is talking about it. Not everyone feels that they should be there protesting and there is real debate on who is instigating the violence. The people are angry about the photos and reports about the terrible injuries and deaths that are coming out of the square."

    Adam Makary, Cairo producer for al-Jazeera English,

    tweets: "After #Tantawi's speech, the nation is more divided on what patriotism means to them #Egypt" and "Police forces are just as ruthless as the protesters - no return for either side #Alexandria"

    Hadeel Al-Shalchi, Middle East Correspondent, Associated Press

    tweets: It's hard to get thru #tahrir now. The numbers are huge. #egypt

    Anjali Kamat, Independent Journalist and Democracy Now! Correspondent

    tweets: #tahrir Activist says it's mainly a few 1000 ultras - football fans - doing the hardcore fighting on front leading to ministry of interior


    Shahid Hamid, director of research at the Brookings Doha Center, a Middle East think thank, has argued on the BBC that Egypt's elections should not be postponed.


    A Tahrir Square protester, Khalid Samir, tells Reuters news agency: "We will not leave, we are here until we see changes, but now nothing has changed, we will not be fooled."


    Reem Abdellatif, a Daily News Egypt reporter, says he has confirmed reports of "ongoing violence in a street nearby Tahrir square".


    The mother of Derrik Sweeney, one of the three American college students arrested in Cairo accused of throwing petrol bombs at police, tells the Associated Press her son is a principled person who stands up for his beliefs, but says he's the "peacemaker" of their family and she can't imagine him being violent.

    Ian Lee

    tweets: "Protesters bang metal and shout 'God is great'. The police emit a low, loud tone. #egypt #tahrir."

    Ian Lee

    tweets: "The police in their latest offensive have taken to banging metal as well. They pushed the protesters back toward #tahrir #egypt"


    Multiple Twitter reports say a new round of tear gas has been released in Tahrir Square. Egyptocracy tweets: "Makeshift ambulances (motorcycles) carrying out fainted women" and posts a photo of people leaving the square.


    Egypt's main stock market index closed down 5% after trading had been suspended for one hour when the main EGX-30 index fell 172.82 points to 3,688.17 points, according to the Egyptian Exchange website. The index has now fallen 47% this year.

    Issandr El Amrani, on The Arabist

    asks "what next?" and suggests two possible outcomes: "At this rate, the situation will be calmed one of two ways: massive force by the police and army, which seems unlikely for now, or a much grander gesture than what Tantawi is offering tonight, one with a convincing vision for Egypt's future."


    The state-run Egyptian Channel 1 says protesters continue to flock to Tahrir Square despite Field Marshal Tantawi's address, BBC Monitoring reports. Video footage broadcast by the television showed hundreds of people in the square and dozens chanting slogans.

    Sharif Kouddous, an independent journalist and Democracy Now! Correspondent

    tweets: "Tear gas just hit the square forcing people to rush in all directions. Was on 9th floor balcony and was unbearable even here."

    Lyse Doucet BBC News, Tahrir Square

    tweets: "Such heavy tear gas #Tahrir. We taste it even on far edge of square. Wail of ambulence sirens hasn't stopped for hours."

    2043: Yolande Knell BBC News, Cairo

    says that while Field Marshal Tantawi's announcement fell short of what demonstrators have demanded, they might be enough to convince many Egyptians who have not joined them on the streets.

    Annie Rebekah

    tweets: "This gas is evil. I'm on the 12th floor and just had to baking soda my friend's eye after literally two minutes on the balcony. #Tahrir"

    Mohamed ElBaradei,

    pro-reform leader, presidential candidate and Nobel Peace laureate, tweets: "Tear gas with nerve agent & live ammunition being used against civilians in Tahrir. A massacre is taking place."

    Holly Pickett, a freelance photojournalist

    tweets: "Difficult working conditions = darkness, tear gas, confusion, panic, and men of all ages packed shoulder to shoulder. #Tahrir #Egypt."

    2101: Hugh Sykes BBC News, Tahrir Square

    in the crowds says there is a constant to-and-fro movement between police firing tear gas, and demonstrators throwing stones and petrol bombs.

    2122: Hussein, a student in Cairo

    tells the BBC how tear gas forced him out of Tahrir Square this afternoon: "It was very crowded, I haven't seen it that crowded for months. After a while we went to Mohammed Mahmoud Street but it was even worse there. People were pushing and shoving. The tear gas was very bad, I almost suffocated. People were lying down injured all over the street. The gas was so bad we had to go home."

    Sarah Carr

    tweets: "Got impression from Twitter that Tahrir was being chemical bombed went there found a bit of teargas had blown in. Stop it."

    Hadeel Al-Shalchi, Middle East Correspondent, Associated Press

    tweets: "Mohd Mahmud is a panic. Hundreds flowing in then run back after being gassed. #tahrir."

    Adam Makary, Cairo producer for al-Jazeera English, in Alexandria

    tweets: "Police clearing the streets, putting out fires, still shooting tear gas. Seems like the battle street is least 4 now #Alexandria."


    This concludes our coverage of a renewed day of protests in Egypt as the country's ruling military council has confirmed a deal to hand over power by next July after crisis talks with key politicians.


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