Obama addresses UN as Palestinian bid prompts rallies

 

President Obama says there can be "no short cut" to a lasting peace

Barack Obama has told the UN General Assembly the Palestinians deserve their own state, but that this would only be achieved through talks with Israel.

The US president's speech came as diplomatic efforts for Palestinian UN membership intensified, while thousands rallied in the West Bank.

He added there could be no "short cut" to peace, and is expected to urge the Palestinians to give up the initiative.

A Palestinian official said the UN would be given time to study the bid.

Mr Obama has held talks with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, and is to meet Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas later.

More time?

Mr Abbas has so far appeared determined to press ahead with the statehood bid on Friday, after his address to the UN General Assembly, with a written request to Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.

Analysis

The contradictions of American policy towards the Middle East were on display today.

In his speech, President Obama praised the way Arabs in Egypt, Libya and Tunisia had seized their freedom. But even with the prospect of the US vetoing the Palestinian UN bid, the Palestinians are claiming some victories - they've put the issue of their independence back on the international agenda.

The president's speech was as much about the politics of his own re-election bid next year as it was about the politics of making peace.

His leading Republican opponent has accused him of appeasing the Palestinians. Mr Obama said nothing today that Israel and its friends will not like.

That may well be good for the Israeli government. It isn't necessarily good for Middle East peace.

If his request is approved by Mr Ban, the Security Council will then examine and vote on it. In order to pass, the request must get the votes of nine out of 15 council members, with no vetoes from the permanent members.

The US has vowed to veto the request, and correspondents say Western diplomats are exploring ways to put off the voting process to buy themselves more time.

Should the Palestinian effort at the Security Council fail, Mr Abbas could ask for a vote of the General Assembly for enhanced observer status - which is enjoyed by others such as the Vatican - in which case no veto would be possible.

Speaking on the fringes of the summit, Palestinian negotiator Nabil Shaath said Mr Abbas would give "some time to the Security Council to consider first our full membership request before heading to the General Assembly".

French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe said later a UN vote on the issue was still "several weeks" away, suggesting there would be time to avoid a confrontation.

'Time has come'

Mr Obama earlier told the meeting: "Peace will not come through statements and resolutions at the UN."

"I am convinced that there is no short cut to the end of a conflict that has endured for decades."

Negotiator Nabil Shaath says Palestinians are "morally, politically and legally correct" to request full UN membership

"Ultimately, it is Israelis and Palestinians - not us - who must reach agreement on the issues that divide them: on borders and security; on refugees and Jerusalem."

After the US president's speech, French President Nicolas Sarkozy warned a veto of the Palestinian bid could spark another cylce of violence in the region. He suggested a compromise, saying the Israelis and Palestinians should be given a clear timeline - a month to start negotiations, six months to deal with borders and security and a year to finalise a "definitive agreement".

Analysts say this falls in line with an initiative previously promoted by EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton and the "quartet" of US, European, Russian and UN mediators.

The quartet's aim to give the two sides a year to reach a framework agreement is based on Mr Obama's vision of borders fashioned from Israel's pre-1967 boundary, with agreed land swaps.

UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon opened the summit earlier with a call for new international efforts to break the Middle East stalemate.

He pledged "unrelenting" UN efforts to push forward the peace process.

'End occupation'

Palestinians say their bid for statehood has been inspired by the Arab Spring, and is the result of years of failed peace talks.

In the West Bank on Wednesday, schools and government offices were shut to allow for demonstrations backing the UN membership bid in Ramallah, Bethlehem, Nablus and Hebron.

Palestinian UN Statehood Bid

  • Palestinians currently have permanent observer entity status at the UN
  • They are represented by the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO)
  • Officials now want an upgrade so a state of Palestine has full member status at the UN
  • They seek recognition on 1967 borders - in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and Gaza
  • Enhanced observer member status could be an interim option

While UN recognition would have largely symbolic value, the Palestinians argue it would strengthen their hand in peace talks.

"The end of the Israeli occupation and a Palestinian state are the only path to peace," AFP quoted Mr Abbas' spokesman as saying after Mr Obama's speech.

"We will agree to return to the negotiations the minute that Israel agrees to end the settlements and the lines of 1967," added the spokesman, Nabil Abu Rudeina.

In his meeting with Mr Obama, Mr Netanyahu said direct negotiation was the only way to achieve a stable Middle East peace, adding that the Palestinian statehood effort was itself a short cut that "will not succeed".

The last round of talks broke down a year ago.

Efforts are now reportedly under way for the quartet to provide a basis for resumed peace negotiations, but work by mediators has yet to produce guidelines for the resumption of talks.

Both Mr Netanyahu and Mr Abbas have said they are prepared to engage in direct talks.

 

More on This Story

Israel and the Palestinians

Comments

This entry is now closed for comments

Jump to comments pagination
 
  • rate this
    -71

    Comment number 474.

    President Obama does not support Israel giving up its land to Palestine because the USA does not support giving up our land to Britain, Mexico or Indians

    Why should Palestine be given back the land it lost during war when no other countries in the world have received this?

    Does everyone who supports giving Palestine their land back also support giving all other countries their land back?

  • rate this
    +5

    Comment number 465.

    All my life I have heard about Palestine and Israel, and the UN. About time Palestine stood up for themselves, before they lose another generation. How many people have lost their lives on both sides. Where in the Bible, Tora and Koran does it say they can kill? For the UN and US, the world will not be at peace until matters like this is resolved is resolved. Get is sorted.

  • rate this
    +15

    Comment number 449.

    I could comment and take a side, but after seeing what's going on here, was quite amazed and decided to remind all the commenters - keep in mind that you do not LIVE the reality of Israel and Palestine. You are fed the information from the screens of your TVs or newspaper run by politically affiliated. Go there, spend a few good years, understand the reality, and only then comment.

  • rate this
    -10

    Comment number 400.

    Until both sides realise that the same creator gave the life blood they have inside each and everyone of them, and that same creator can take it away... fight on you fools.
    What entity in either of your scriptures would enjoy seeing you fight like this? Prove him wrong, you're better than that.
    The way to peace is in all of you.
    And not through worldly leaders who speak not their own words.

  • rate this
    +15

    Comment number 386.

    Only formula for peace talks is first discuss Jerusalem, then sort out the rest. Until they agree a formula for sharing Jerusalem they will always fall at that hurdle.

    Israel is doing itself no favours recently by taking the "possession is 9/10ths of the law" approach - there has to be a laissez-faire agreement where all religions have access on an equal footing or no progress is possible.

 

Comments 5 of 9

 

More Middle East stories

RSS

Features

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.